1400 Washington AveAlbanyNY
1400 Washington AveAlbanyNY

Alfred H. Woodcock Papers

1930-1995

PDF Version

Abstract

Atmospheric researcher and oceanographer from Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) and the University of Hawaii, Woodcock collaborated with Duncan Blanchard and the U.S. Navy on research such as Project Shower, atmospheric sea salt and volcanic mountain breathing.

Summary

Creator:
Woodcock, Alfred H.
Date Coverage:
1930-1995
Quantity:
7.25 cubic ft.

Alfred H. Woodcock was born on September 7, 1905 in Atlanta, Georgia. His formal education ended very early as his father had very little regard for school and Woodcock went to work in a wide variety of jobs in the seasonal economy of the southeastern United States after dropping out of high school. After moving to Massachusetts and resuming his education at a local agricultural school, he worked on farms and did odd jobs. Woodcock heard the research vessel Atlantis was looking for hands to sign on for a research cruise under the command of Columbus Iselin. The Atlantis was the first deep-water research ship of the fledgling Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI). Under the direction of Dr. Henry Bigelow of Harvard University, WHOI was formed in 1930 and funded by a Rockefeller Foundation grant of 3 million dollars. Woodcock signed on and became a valued member of the crew, rising to the position of chief scientist in 1935. Woodcock had found his calling in atmospheric research and oceanography, and he began his research into the soaring patterns of marine birds, sailing patterns of jellyfish and the ways that dolphins and porpoises ride along the bow of sailing ships. Woodcock continued to conduct experiments aboard the Atlantis until 1942.

During the Second World War, Woodcock worked with the U.S. Navy to develop smoke screens that could be used to camouflage allied vessels at sea. After the end of the war, Woodcock continued to work in conjunction with the Navy to study wind patterns at sea. Beginning in 1942 he was employed at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute in Massachusetts, first as a research associate and then as an oceanographer. He conducted research into oceanography and atmospheric science, studying sea salt and its affect on precipitation. From 1949 to 1953 Woodcock published a series of groundbreaking scientific papers about the research he had conducted into atmospheric sea salt. In 1951, he met and began to work with one of his primary collaborators, Duncan Blanchard. Woodcock and Blanchard would collaborate on atmospheric research and carry on a long running correspondence.

In the early 1950s Woodcock was involved in Project Shower, which investigated the physics and chemistry of warm rain in Hawaii. This was a cooperative project involving WHOI and the Pineapple Research Institute and funded by the Office of Naval Research (ONR). The data and final report of Project Shower was published in 1957 in the journal Tellus. Woodcock also published a paper in 1958 which dealt with the behavior of atmospheric sea salt in hurricanes. In this period Woodcock collaborated with Duncan Blanchard and also with chemist James Lodge and meteorologist E.G. "Taffy" Bowen among others. In 1961 Woodcock was awarded an honorary PhD from Long Island University as a doctor of science. It was not long after (1962) that Dr. Woodcock moved to Hawaii, where he concentrated on the study of atmospheric sea salt in Hawaii from 1962 to 1965.

From 1963 to 1972 Woodcock was a research associate in the Department of Oceanography at the University of Hawaii and a research associate at the Hawaiian Institute of Geophysics. In Hawaii, Woodcock conducted atmospheric studies at the dormant volcano Mauna Kea and also did research on Lake Waiau, an alpine lake that is near the summit of Mauna Kea. He developed a theory of "mountain breathing" where gasses entered and exited the mountain. Woodcock conducted research into the movement patterns of the Portuguese Man 'o War, Physalia, and continued research into Sargassum and studies of Hawaiian cloud physics. His primary collaborator during this period continued to be Duncan Blanchard, but he also conducted research with James Hughes of ONR, as well as researchers Jack Warner and Sean Twomey in Australia.

Woodcock was retired from the University of Hawaii in 1972, but continued to work on projects relating to atmospheric science. Woodcock became interested in fog formation and conducted research into fog in Alaska and Woods Hole, MA. He continued the research begun in the 1960s by further investigating the phenomenon of mountain breathing at Mauna Kea and did further research in Lake Waiau. Much of the funding for Woodcock's research came from the Office of Naval Research and his primary contact was James Hughes, in the Atmospheric Research department of the Office of Naval Research. Woodcock's ONR funding began with Project Shower and was terminated in 1984. In 1988, Woodcock was named Scientist Emeritus by the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute and in 1994 he was presented with a lifetime achievement award by the American Meteorological Society.

Chronology of Events
1905 September 7 Born in Atlanta, GA
1931 Joins the research vessel Atlantis, under the command of Columbus Iselin
19311942 Technician, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute
1935 Sole scientist on the Atlantis' North Atlantic voyage
1938 Publishes a paper in The Atlantic Monthly on the flight patterns of birds
1940 Publishes a paper on soaring gulls in The Journal of Marine Research
1941 Chief scientist aboard the Atlantis
1941 Smoke screen project begins in conjunction with the U.S. Navy
19421946 Research Associate, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute
1944 Begins research into Physalia/Portuguese Man o' War
19461963 Oceanographer, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute
1947 Wyman/Woodcock report released on the temperature lapse rate in clouds
19471949 Woodcock studies the seaweed genus Sargassum
1949 Begins research into atmospheric sea salt
19491953 Publishes a series of groundbreaking papers on atmospheric sea salt.
1951 Begins working with Duncan Blanchard at Woods Hole
1954 Project Shower begins (study of the physics and chemistry of warm rain)
1957 Publishes results of Project Shower in Tellus
1958 Publishes a paper about the behavior of atmospheric sea salt in hurricanes
1961 Awarded honorary PhD from Long Island University
1962 Moves to Hawaii
19621965 Peak of Woodcock's research into atmospheric sea salt
19631972 Research affiliate, Dept. of Oceanography, University of Hawaii
19631972 Research associate, Hawaiian Institute of Geophysics
1974 (ca.) Conducts research into fog formation in Alaska and Woods Hole
1975 Revisits gull research
1988 Emeritus Scientist, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute
1994 Receives American Meteorological Society's Lifetime Achievement Award

The material in this collection documents the correspondence and scientific research of Alfred H. Woodcock. Correspondence files date from 1930-1995 and consist of correspondence from the scientists that Woodcock worked and collaborated with, along with carbons of his original correspondence, as well as journal articles and a small amount of personal correspondence. Most of the correspondence is related to science and the topics that Woodcock was investigating. There is very little correspondence for the years 1930-1950. Woodcock's major collaborators were atmospheric scientist Duncan Blanchard, U.S. Navy scientist James Hughes, chemist James Lodge, and atmospheric researcher Sean Twomey. The scientific research files date from 1937-1986 and consist of original data collected by Woodcock as well as journal articles, record books, and photographs. Information about the scientists Woodcock collaborated with can be found in the correspondence files. Information about the scientific projects that Woodcock researched can be found in the scientific research files. Major projects and research covered by the collection includes the study of the soaring patterns of marine birds, 1931-1942, 1975; Woodcock's study of atmospheric sea salt, 1950-1965; Project Shower, a major study of warm rain in Hawaii, 1954-1957; the study of the alpine environment on the volcano Mauna Kea and Lake Waiau, 1956-1975. Also covered are Woodcock's study of the seaweed Sargassum, 1944-1949; and the Portuguese man 'o war Physalia, 1944-1970. Research pertaining to Woodcock's fog studies dates from 1977-1981. Note that in some files the topic can cover many years with significant gaps, and that occasionally multiple topics are covered within one folder. The dates of research are those in which the primary research was conducted; other material in the files such as journal articles and background material may predate the primary research.

The collection is organized as follows:

All items in this manuscript group were donated to the University Libraries, M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives, by Alfred H. Woodcock in October, 1999.

Processed by: Timothy Niland (Fall 2000)

Collection record created by: This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on

Published: 2017-04-14 13:27:33 -0400

EAD file created, 2014

Encoded in EAD by Conversion and encoding by ArchProteus, 2015

Archival materials can be view in-person during business hours in our reading room, located on the top floor of the Science Library on the Uptown Campus.

We can also deliver digital scans for remote research for a fee.

Access to this record group is unrestricted.

Copyright Statement

The researcher assumes full responsibility for conforming with the laws of copyright. Whenever possible, the M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives will provide information about copyright owners and other restrictions, but the legal determination ultimately rests with the researcher. Requests for permission to publish material from this collection should be discussed with the Head of Special Collections and Archives.

Preferred citation for this material is as follows:

Identification of specific item, series, box, folder, Alfred H. Woodcock Papers, 1930-1995. M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives, University Libraries, University at Albany, State University of New York (hereafter referred to as [shortened name]).

Contents of Collection

Quantity: 3.0 cubic ft.
Types of material include letters, carbon copies, journal articles, photographs and scientific research. Correspondence arranged chronologically pertaining to Woodcock's work aboard the research vessel Atlantis, 1930-1939, and work with the Navy on the smoke screens at sea project, 1944-45. Research into atmospheric sea salts and sea salt nuclei 1947-1986; Project Shower research into warm rain in Hawaii, 1954-1957; and Hawaiian cloud physics, 1952-1965. Also included is correspondence pertaining to Woodcock's study of Hawaiian rainfall, 1967-1972; atmospheric studies at the volcano Mauna Kea, 1965-1977; permafrost at Mauna Kea, 1969-1977; "mountain breathing" at Mauna Kea, 1976-1979; and Lake Waiau, 1965-1985. Correspondence dealing with Woodcock's research into sea salt, and studies of canal fog, 1979-1986. Other topics of correspondence include: physalia, 1944-1970; soaring gulls, 1937-1938; wave riding dolphins, 1946-1953; sargassum, 1947-1949; bursting bubbles, 1976; hail, 1976; Woodcock's research into his CIA file, 1977; hurricanes, 1985; slush and ice on lakes and ponds, 1987; rain droplet formation in clouds, 1990, study of Hawaiian trade winds, 1991; Woodcock's reception of the American Meteorological Society's lifetime achievement award, 1994; and budgetary matters. Correspondents include Columbus Iselin, director of the Atlantis research project, 1930-39, atmospheric scientist and meteorologist Duncan Blanchard, 1955-1995; U.S. Navy atmospheric scientist James Hughes, 1955-1984; chemist James Lodge, 1955-1965; meteorologist and atmospheric scientist E.G. "Taffy" Bowen 1955-1965; and atmospheric researcher Erik Erikkson, 1955-1965; oceanographer Robert Duce 1965-1977; researchers Jack Warner and Sean Twomey, 1969-1977; Charles Penn, 1981-1985; Irving Friedman, 1977-1979; Charles Knight, 1989-1991; as well as Vincent Schaefer, Allen Faller and Irving Friedman. See the box and folder list for a detailed description of the contents of the containers.
Arranged chronologically.
BoxFolderContentsDate

92708f1e43ba85a7a2ddc46556c69fa2

1 1Correspondence1930-1939

94b4ac393d2f079b778248eea110b1db

1 2Correspondence1941

8b5760a7e9355579a6af7ab5b5644f61

1 3Correspondence1942

482354875e67194deff997ce4ce3fa68

1 4Correspondence1943

255c0ecdc71c49dd5d92f104cd467ac3

1 5Correspondence1944

a11150ce41ba4de9a6f5b16a8c1a4f3b

1 6Correspondence1945

230dd0a8e6abab8f68b2c2fe2e3c6521

1 7Correspondence1946

6100b2248f1a55b51a74c27699cc03f9

1 8Correspondence1947

75c8a2b5a11b4634ce7f13a35c3ee07c

1 9Correspondence1948

9ff4d7efed1b533cf6c064fcb26feb3c

1 10Correspondence1949

afe13972c3ebdcc217f65922410834e7

1 11Correspondence1950

cf8b3f47a3951d62c91678c666e51d6f

1 12Correspondence1951

56038f6d00b35a67e9d5b9d2c1734288

1 13Correspondence1951-1952

861e5648a1d0414f672975b5c506dbb6

1 14Correspondence1952

85318064acd45d693f8402d47f94890e

1 15Project Shower Correspondence 1952

Scope and Contents

(Correspondence relating to Project Shower, the study of warm rain in Hawaii).

97b3f54eb889390308fc9d2d7669b3ac

1 16Correspondence1953

df36e340ac6189b98ed6c93893dc8f13

1 17Project Shower correspondence1953

d514e7974c84dc8924cf13ea1e316188

1 18-19Correspondence1954

c47fe07e88175f6a51052189c8eb6de8

1 20-22Project Shower correspondence1954

6a955f2f7cf892189151c5a635acc3b8

1 23-24Correspondence1955

75d6703e570a828ff7f1e44277b86cb0

1 25Correspondence1956

8f07b1d511c3f208266da62c980c8cf4

1 26Correspondence1957

aa499b56bed03dc1de25a2ba2ebefee9

1 27Correspondence1958

3bd87ad2a7a4d9cde7e41249bd7c09d6

1 28Correspondence1959

2fec747d9f5556a09fe4551a08b1a036

1 29-30Correspondence1960

339bfae66a93f44902a00a40583c0637

1 31Correspondence1961

666942bf4da8cbf0a657148d53d86236

1 32-33Correspondence1962

5de569cee4583cecfce97ea800e5314a

1 34Correspondence1963

653bb5dddbe69fd61c36bc603f86fb2d

1 35-36Correspondence1964

6e2bf57ac159ac4c5f612967bcc89617

2 1-3Correspondence1965

94ada62631f0415ce1b16c6d8ac294ac

2 4-5Correspondence1967

3bf4ca713f3e8de7b8c5efd8dfc55229

2 6-7Correspondence1968

581fdef0ae3a04d4e8b3ee117c4c1153

2 8Correspondence1969

6f01f708aca27e16ab101f010633ad47

2 9-10Correspondence1970

717d1501643fdb55a3eb500e57263ec7

2 11-12Correspondence1971

84e01a50ab5189cff4c5ea0cb25158c3

2 13-14Correspondence1972

5e25113f2e357fba31d119e5fb0a0a7c

2 15-16Correspondence1973

f5d6dc0352a45ac9b95e432ac4bc017b

2 17-18Correspondence1974

b85e707e5a02063aa0b11fe8d521c4c1

2 19-20Correspondence1975

092d549457f1aeeee2472883f6b7b440

2 21-22Correspondence1976

4277391b1176822ec8d04db5fb8b3c56

3 1-2Correspondence1977

2a0ab70d225b15fdf557dfb4ca7d384e

3 3-4Correspondence1978

848e3c40b23e1afa568d9c9643e5ab5f

3 5Correspondence1979

f557aab04673c2307a407679439dde83

3 6-7Correspondence1980

0f64e55331ce4863af20d7007f99b2c2

3 8Correspondence1981

8141a20e34eaef013c7292266d622481

3 9-10Correspondence1982

8fa886fc1ebe032ea54b7ca87eec15ba

3 11Correspondence1983

576ccce2bbf222906d7c28e9387483bb

3 12Correspondence1984

8da47c817bab57146f314a9bfbdf1f1d

3 13Correspondence with James Hughes1964-1984

e691a393a50fa6d9bbccb1b506ea4415

3 14Correspondence1985

e8af718d57f682483ee567a9d3fd196a

3 15Correspondence1986

f5bbbe44f9756e8963beb106bbd935f3

3 16Correspondence1987

22c16070e134d12c47fa7a326aa4e84d

3 17Correspondence1988

08a107cf7268a00fb510a6c104d55145

3 18Correspondence1989

ab9dfa9292740439459b3f934f3f5a3d

3 19Correspondence1990

abe83df5abff974a8b9caabac4ec96d6

3 20Correspondence1991

c7bfd1f27cfbbfef1de5773ac5a089a0

3 21Correspondence1992

02c0d61e3141abc237bb4dec00cf219c

3 22Correspondence1993

6ef386b695cd678eaa53cb21507ba30f

3 23Correspondence1994-1995
Quantity: 4.25 cubic ft.
This series collects journal articles, correspondence, data, record books, photographs, notes, monographs, diagrams and tables. Alfred H. Woodcock's research into a variety of topics including Lake Waiau, 1965-1970, 1978, 1982; salt spray in hurricanes, 1956-1958, 1962-1968, 1974; mountain breathing, 1974-1978; sea salt, 1959-1966; soaring flight data, 1937-1938, 1945, 1952, 1966; porpoise and wave riding dolphins, 1940, 1946-1953, 1960; glacier studies, 1960, 1962, 1969-1976, 1979; ice melt patterns, 1961, 1981-1982; ice melt data, 1946-1950, 1959, 1962, 1965; fog studies, 1981; Mauna Kea/Lake Waiau studies, 1965-1975; telescope studies, 1974, 1982; atmospheric research, 1946-1956, 1971-1982; deuterium, 1951, 1961-1963; sargassum, 1947-1949; physalia, 1944-1970; volcano steam cloud, 1960; smoke screen at sea, 1944-1946; declassified, 1973. See the box and folder list for a detailed description of the contents of the containers.
Arranged chronologically.
BoxFolderContentsDate

c809ac3ef1da6e73b4c43c14eb629784

4 1Soaring data - convective1937-1938

df41ce1af5fa542b27795a3703601028

4 2Soaring data - dynamic1937-1938

9be9c0c35c62902946428a400de91ba2

4 3Porpoise bow and wave riding 19401948-1953, 1960

ba559410f7c3f13cc950a54e996e9b4b

4 4A theory of surface water deduced, etc1941-1963

0ed7773ba0238b11586b510121595070

4 5A holy smoke1944

32eb094e441a6d76e350844fdea3b66f

4 6A smoke1944-1945

206ef012ac4db2881130a0a4e17a2fcf

4 7-8Final report on the behavior of smoke screens at sea1944-1945

0380d09e3944b03c86d9ada13600c51a

4 9Tests on the behavior of smoke screens at sea1944-1945

077c797fb1ae1b9a6d75aea6f6957a12

4 10-11Tests on the behavior of smoke screens at sea1944-1945

3333cecc8030d5824e08912ad39e8db5

4 122.10: Physalia1944-1963
    

aspace_f099f6c84a6c965270c5a29ced31fd6c

  a. Notebook, "Spring 1961 P-p trip data and rough log of P-p experiments in Florida"
1961
    

aspace_26b8ca8a7c5bd0206f02e619cb3dec83

  b. a graph of observations of Physalia in the Florida Straits
1961 March
    

aspace_1096fdcb93dacf26ca76962a5083933d

  c. a reprint with some penciled notes of Woodcock's publication, "Dimorphism in the Portuguese Man-Of-War", Nature, Vol 178, 253-255
1956 August 4
    

aspace_22e628b1150ad12ea6e5431e32e2d594

  d. a reprint of Everet C. Jones, "Tremoctopus violaceus Uses Physalia Tentacles as Weapons, Science, Vol 139, No 3556, 764-66
1963 February 22
    

aspace_eda3e8457f1686bf96d14854c3f7e22b

  e. P-p dipping and sailing abs. notes
1963 July

     3 pages

    

aspace_fe24f3464495ceee26be71796620902d

  f. 5 three x five cards with citations and brief notes on articles
    

aspace_94abcf05d53cf000aa211f295e58d432

  g.

     2 pages of notes

     Scope and Contents

One page on ships reports, 1882-1903, one page labeled Pensacola-Santa Rosa, observations, on float lengths.

    

aspace_1fd5789c320bce3aa1e7114492170f9d

  h. a chart titled Fig 47 "Idealized Drawings of Wind-Induced Helical Motions in surface waters, with an illustration of the possible effects of asymmetrical vortices upon the drift of bottles and of physalia
    

aspace_833c05f8f0ff2304708e7d7c18e34e4f

  i. reprint of Woodcock, "A theory of surface water motion deduced from the wind-induced motion of the Physalia"Sears Foundation: Journal of Marine Research, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 196-205;
1944 October 20
    

aspace_0dd8e4ee26a1e393e29240462f088b30

  j. Map of Trinidad and Tobago

f0acd3d8fc1f0b92a06d68fe16d8f8a7

4 13Log book no.4 WHOL1945-1950

e3e3b99eccd9e4b9329c0dbce7cb75e1

4 14Hawaiian Data1946

6dd6fb265e0f7a79623be560dfcc4f12

4 15Note on physalia symmetry1946

a055f52eb646433cd429741d7a2730ab

4 16-17Vertical motion exchange of heat and water between the air and sea 1946

2 folders

2 folders

0baac88de48d161e9727d27e24c0a1d1

4 18The preparation and use of water sensitive coatings for sampling cloud particles1946

c5066ecf6d723a77a74edde78f33b568

4 19Grass pond area1946-1947

f3a4eca5f9a74afd25f1e283bdb5ceb2

4 20Marine studio experiment on porpoise density1946, 1948-1950

eac7826bf78c9e6a75900faffb01c29c

4 21Sargassum pressure tests Bermuda bio. station St. Georges, Bermuda1947-1948

d59424a2c297226322b4c25079f5b056

4 22Sargassum studies1947-1948

451f4d54dd61b40315e3b6d9e5279e13

4 23Subsurface sargassum1947-1948

c7f7944003fe29d306fa397c9ba83519

4 24Sargassum notebook1948

c9fc06b63d45e7cba9b11cadbcc69bc6

4 25Salt spray data1948

4ce886b2fb3f82061cd0bdd32fcfe76f

4 26Sea and lake boundary, layer conditions, bubbles and foaming1948, 1950, 1952, 1960

cea6add9993dc78a7cf7bb78fccc3ede

4 27Wave riding dolphins1948-1949

90de547b625648446292b0887a473b4d

4 28The swimming of dolphins1948-1950, 1960

e4f6bf6afcbbff173882976de450dea8

4 29Subsurface sargassum manuscript1949

952b305f2742ee15fa2deecf95b8eee1

4 30Melting patterns in shallow ponds1949-1950

751e02b3a00c7583cc09da95cf839339

4 31Grass Pond-Long Island1949, 1962

584e4bbac098b7404069a493a1c9b58c

4 32Data book impact sampling 1950, Nassau trip 1960, Woods Hole, MA, USA, 19501960

292389032917e009ddfc80c74f20c769

4 33Original data June 1951, Ohan, TH1951

a3892d91de9b27b2ff9a4fe32edbe235

4 34December 1951-Summer 1954

a53875e8b85e67566971207b5c1acbcb

4 35Hawaii1952

269362e07875aef27a72a1a1997ceb7b

4 36Cloud paper tables1953

36cf11fc572721918671f0d5f43f72ea

4 37Salt induced convection and clouds "bits and pieces"1953, 1956

9eb45c2e2138bf027eb789561bd50cde

4 38Bubbles from melting snow1953, 1957, 1971, 1974

0765b8f8bc7f615c33a3117fb417fc60

4 39Project shower, Kilauea "Kapoho" eruption 19541960

61b4bb5d1eaa32a19305e0c3bc729eb6

5 1Contribution to the study of the origin of nitrogen in atmospheric precipitation1955

cdde39dfd32852022ee12adfe6dff7ae

5 2Atmospheric salt sampling1955-1956

22974879c703ed166ab4704625149c8d

5 3Flight and field data1955, 1961, 1963-1965

a927f381b4f8a0416bba36a35fbc2106

5 42.40: Ideas for further physalia studies1956
    

aspace_0da6f84fbab92743e90372d8d02b8086

  a. One page titled: "Tentative suggestions for Physalia studies, emphasizing their sailing habits"
1956 August 5

     Scope and Contents

an outline in pencil.

    

aspace_85476b6c705a9a6b647625fc4cf7eded

  b. Seven pages ripped out of a small notebook with observations
03/24/1946, 03/26/1946, 03/31/1946, 04/06/1946

64d1ab912b197374b1e2ebeaaa33038b

5 52.41: Dimorphism in the Portuguese Man-of-War1956
    

aspace_10e93f3ab2e1e67bd2e760eafe1671a8

  a. Article "Dimorphism in the Portuguese Man-of-War"
1956 March 28

     Scope and Contents

Typescript inscribed 2nd corrected copy, of 7 pages including bib & notes, & three pages of graphs accompanying the article & two tables (one draft, on final) of observations of right and left handed Physalia seen on the surface of the open sea.

    

aspace_6f0cb7f0f77b29c2536d92022280db25

  b. Correspondence with MacMillan & Co.

     Scope and Contents

re the submission, two pages, two post cards dated March 1956.

    

aspace_d0194e717414e9b46e760315931a399e

  c. A second set of the three figures which appear the same but are not numbered
    

aspace_39c59c1547b7469430b88a27d5ff1a63

  d. Three pages of penciled drafts of figure 1 & 2, and of table 1

9238079818f60d647d2ba002520b177e

5 6Salt spray in hurricanes1956-1958, 1974

801504346cb807def413928685005ef9

5 7Factors affecting the distribution of villia - Dr. G.O. Mackieca. 1957

a62530b98519f132204b199f0983a2dc

5 8Physalia data1957-1958

3b90ca8f716e72887058cdd276c9ff4e

5 9Atmospheric salt sampling1957-1960

6a1065fb97fc96674d7ad94e7cf6a2c2

5 10Plueston of the Western Pacific - A.J. Savilov1958

1d4e2474a74b7ff7639d8c2fad673a6f

5 112.47: Physalia sailing1959-1970
    

aspace_dd0ec696682259cffb20a5b044d52aac

  a. Robert Bieri, "Dimorphism and Size Distribution in Velelia and Physalia"Nature, 1333-1334
1959 October 24
    

aspace_d3da0519e80598c3f65e3a3176d5dee9

  b. Lisbeth Francis, "Design of a Small Cantilevered Sheet: The Sail of Velella velella"Pacific Science, vol. 39, no. 1, 1-15
1985
    

aspace_2bb71dc41ba8d3105b606a148f90ecea

  c. A Russian publication of A. N. Cabnob?? In cyrilic, CCCP 1958
    

aspace_6b973fe328a952c5a28e0eddb8675da3

  d. A Note to Dick Backus from A. H. Woodcock
1961 March 1

    typescipt

     Scope and Contents

Marked corrected copy, Subject: "Making Observations of the Sailing Direction of Physalia on the Next Chain cruise", three pages & two incomplete drafts of same.

    

aspace_cc20ba03ae9e54ceeb38aa47dfd23b74

  e. G. O. Mackie from the Pacific Marine Station, California, titled "Factors affecting the distribution of Velella"

     12 pages & 2 graphs

    

aspace_cddc42a20bd88f90da7963823ba9fd4d

  f. A graph of Woodcock's labeled "Observations of Physalia physalis dipping rate as a function of wind speed, Straits of Florida, March 1961 with ink and pencil notations
    

aspace_d6020e9f5def49783b0e8ebb124a09be

  g. Reprint article, Charles E. Lane and Eleanor Dodge, "The toxicity of Physalia Nematocysts"Biological Bulletin, Vol 115, No. 2, 219-226
1958 October
    

aspace_cf17532ec706d6a91b61b4bf3a6f3457

  h. Reprint article, R. V. Southcott, "Venomous Jelly Fish"Good Health, South Australia, 1-6
1960 January
    

aspace_f0845ba09725b3ad2039476e6d5a8132

  i. Reprint article, C. W. Kingston and R. V. Southcott, "Skin Histopathology in Fatal Jellyfish Stinging"Transactions of the Royal Society for Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Vol. 54, No. 4, 373-384
1960
    

aspace_ec4b9c32bb3d205b0cea7f78a62ae5bc

  j. A Rejection letter fromNature for a mss
1970 December 17
    

aspace_ad6656f547cbfedd86508d1cf4fce973

  k. Reprint, J. B, Wittenberg, J. M. Noronah and M. Silverman, "Folic Acid Derivatives in the Gas Glands ofPhysalia physalis L". Biochem. J. 85, 9, 9-15
1962
    

aspace_25ad192d51bfd0c1f1149265b14af6c7

  l. Proof with hand written corrections in pencil by Woodcock, "Note Concerning Physalia Behavior at Sea"Limnology and Oceanography, V. 16 (3), 551-552
1971 May
    

aspace_100c2aeffea2e0436f4fc505c4a9f1fd

  m.

     Scope and Contents

Two drafts of the Notes (17 pages) article above (see 12) & correspondence (2 pages) with Dr. Yvette H. Edmondson, two of the letters are very amusing one from Woodcock to Edmondson explaining his difficulty in getting more data for the Note "The research vessel crew thought I was mad as it was" for spending that much time on the observations in a small boat, and Edmondson's note with reviewers comments concluding "I am amused to note that one of these referees apparently thinks of you as a meteorologist and the other as a biological oceanographer. It's always been my understanding of the legend that you're really a pomologist".

    

aspace_a03cdf7bcdec2426de6bedb5cad885b3

  n. A negative and black & white photo of Physalia probably for use as an illustration if needed in the Notes article 12 above but not dated & negatives and four color photos of Physalia again probably taken during the observations for the Notes article
    

aspace_42b1adab3a568d03f475d6a5f285fd09

  o. Article by Dorothy H. Miles, "The Left-handed Jelleyfish" Sunday Star Bulletin & Advertiser, for release Sunday
1972 March 19

    photocopy of typescript

     Scope and Contents

5 pages double spaced with hand written comments in Woodcock's ??? hand.

    

aspace_62e414750d9e5b319e54c2a070c7e03a

  p. Two note cards with article citations & comments

bd668630dbfd74ceed27587c6d4affec

5 12Comparison of isopiestic and flame photometer methods1960

26e039dae40883445bf1748f396c6bec

5 13Photo micrographs of steam cloud sample #151960

646901b4b81b69a55becc69ddb08d1c2

5 14Steam cloud samples 1960

Scope and Contents

November 2-3, slide 4 November 3-4, 1960.

38d8ab71a729ecf6598c9179fa64116e

5 15Schults counts of particles in steam cloud1960 November 8

e9b14f0747719dfcd8f41dbd1120ccc4

5 16Lab steam cloud sampling1960 November 17

cf9b2dc379697d80f11fddb97df00d71

5 17Particles from hot lava using saturated sea salt solution1960

31d42fac344d5c06abf522e45ad987b0

5 18Comments about sustained swimming speeds of dolphins1960

f320d37f144babb7cb3054343bc6a838

5 19Volcano steam cloud study Hawaii1960

236ef46d888dc86067035d014fa2b01c

5 20Steam cloud particles photographs slide #151960

02d463d6b1ae3cb3b4994edd14bd3829

5 21Steam cloud particles slides #1 and #19 photo micrographsca. 1960

d25dbf4ed9d4c55f1d9f5dc29f44f81e

5 22Glacier variations and climate1960-1962

8869ce34e064b004daded948bab9a157

5 23Ice melt patterns1960-1965

c31036c9ae212bf9e60fc65b108c0759

5 24Record book no. 11961

b7d72362e59a441d4e43ecb2a271d3cb

5 25New note about physalia1961

b24309d258e12f2fba3d89578aa864d1

5 262.62: Physalia chain observations1961
    

aspace_a32e4ebe6b8dfd43f09669aaecf39a4c

  a. Two note cards on Sailing of P-p
    

aspace_3a2c0c83979bf6f57f84b6ba5dc71909

  b. Chart of Chain observations (cruise 17) Dr. R. H. Backus -pencil. 1 page
    

aspace_08cd3221fdddab68d99a5072e17be021

  c. "Notes on Physalia, Chain Cruise 17 abstracted from journal of R. H. Backus

     4 pages

    

aspace_f2844dd03e18aedfedfea6c424e1cb17

  d. Ian A.E. Bayly to A. H. Woodcock
1967 October 8

     Scope and Contents

Letter, discussing his research interests.

    

aspace_750f85b22372ee6d69b758c5fda1ba4b

  e. Advertising flyer with notes by Woodcock forAustralian Inland Waters and their Fauna Eleven Studies Edited by A. H. Weatherly
    

aspace_af2e0ac50ee608e70af0fcb81d5b6ebf

  f. Pencil equipment list and observations on sea surface and in tank
Undated

     1 page

    

aspace_3b8914d285bede5b12bcae980df00dc2

  g. Pen notes titled Chain 35 St. Thomas - Recipe, Brazil (Leg #1) P.M. O'W observations R. H. Backus, 1 page
    

aspace_d76f59fca53c01be66e9d10675d10195

  h. Two note cards of citations on Edwards '66 and Savilov '67
    

aspace_d0a1c793b6a16cec5ff8f16530037898

  i. 1 page note that information about Physalia work can be found in file "Data re Papers"
    

aspace_60ad5fda9a55f2279b445b970ef0bb06

  j. Reprint, Sammy M. Ray, "Gymnodinium breve: Induction of Shellfish Poisoning in Chicks", Science, Vol 148, No. 3678, 1748-49
1965 June 25
    

aspace_6d045a748d42e513207399b0e8230b69

  k. 1 page double sided of notations in pencil, California, Japan, South Atl?, etc. some with totals
    

aspace_db0462289ce61fe199bdc79d0a224f26

  l.
1943 November 15

     1 page

     Scope and Contents

With name Clara Shoemaker (American Museum of Natural History) and counts for New Zealand "1 left", between Cook and Marshall Islands at Marembold "1 left" and a few other notations.

ed1c6d61d0261c518c78e4649698ae9a

5 27Rain recorder records1961 October 22-1961 November 30

c20b727b0c3e9a08656241099ad5fe86

5 28HDO1961-1962

b12c5ed17475a092c93a07315c03b392

5 29HDO in raindrops1961-1962

2fe0a90a46c9cc9697df3b597f5a3319

5 30Deuterium in raindrops Hawaii1961-1962

8c8e3766cfc708105e1dcf5e8e436808

5 31Record book no. 21962

711e26233e66f745bb20f9dbb555ffcc

5 32Salt induced convection and clouds1962, 1959

faac30b74f160d4faf2766a5a184f874

5 33Salt spray in hurricanes1962-1968

e88aad106b04790e3a0e0bffa8de6511

5 34Rain recorder paper1963

8eecebdeb5fc9712cdf286075a6d9c12

5 35Salt + Copters1963-1965

1eaf369fdb881a1cf5e6428affdaafcf

5 36Atmospheric sea salt1963-1966

23254ec448b0084b1e61f4c0fc70321c

6 1Smoke experiment pictures1964

6b283758fe8795ad72fca07ad7735653

6 2Salt convection, preliminary report on salt convection experiment results1964

0e1acd317fafaaa719830a345f3b826b

6 3Lake sediment, radiocarbon dating1965-1967

f739196c035a3799adad3e131b1d53cf

6 4Melt patterns in ice over shallow waters1965

3d2d4ce335fa4078cc022adac6239ff8

6 5Record book no. 31965-1966

e41ee84764a8f947a53c073ab3fc2011

6 6Carbon 14 analysis proposal etc. (Waiau core)1965-1966

ba33edbb7573204cdb0b26677de1a3e6

6 7Older Lake W. reports, etc.1965-1967

4edcfda7014e53b36af9f89a7d276da9

6 8L. Waiau sediment TC1965-1967

3554b5cc0b71e4a29e907b96692529fe

6 9Waiau Data1965-1967, 1970

fd0854912982170d3a990c3b7ef45677

6 10Waiau data1965-1968

6ed36397f0e197d577b529d436177983

6 11Waiau core, patterned ground in Waiau core, stone drift, unidentified photos1965, 1968, 1975

0709d024b876f1ece5f01f25b67ffee7

6 12Geochron laboratories, inc. (Waiau cores)1966

b0fd89b33f1b8a62cc2f85b092945f95

6 13Record book no. 41966-1967

4916ac641a74acf5879e65b818f4dfa7

6 14Soaring flight studies1966, 1952, 1945

7f921d5b63866afd0de5f0c794896c93

6 15Waiau photos1966, 1978

ab59b747ccc3581384fff9edb3025553

6 16Record book no. 51967-1968

6551b0d41fb55823f4e5e4d7ed4bc941

6 17Latest version of Waiau paper1967-1969

3f0983f40fd3e3b416d420471267492d

6 18Record book no. 61968-1969

a17f54ff829bf15db028cc5ef68f3469

6 19Patterned ground MK Hawaii, drill hole, plant biology1968-1977

71dc85bead0e0c0fd7bd2c42e248ef16

6 20Waiau photos1968, 1978

c0e8c62deb5f994db27d9fbdd4dd972a

6 21Lichen trace mineral results, Mauna Loa Mauna Kea saddle area1969

e58abee0c7ce4c64b65e8f6f5792b784

6 22Record book no. 71969-1971

355b7958980ff85348fc6d41c1b40af6

6 23Glacier variations and climate1969-1976

323c750f5a3693cb5a9f2eab5881ef06

6 24Lake Waiau1969-1970, 1978, 1982

aec48c18eb34fc2aab49c4f6817c9307

6 25Glacier variations and climate1970-1978

83cab3a3ab1ded8b355af3632684f954

6 26Glacier variations and climate1970-1978

6e918f7477602ffdac64ebc36e5ec3a0

6 27Record book no. 91971

66f9fcafdbe098c9190a35148ad2ba22

6 28Record book no. 81971

d402b94db6350d3506fd1d1e62c3cc7e

6 29Mauna Kea Juniper news note Lake W.1971

ed1d54f8f683d57d2a77748e3e7f8a87

6 30Record book no. 101971-1972

d2328dec4a57fdf22af59903763d9f85

6 31Record book no. 111972-1973

3ee28baca44c2a261c95f98c28f71213

7 1Record book no. 121973-1975

285579ae5bb68231a5b323d4fa3fdced

7 2Mauna Kea "breathing"1974, 1978

a5eb886d8cf1f1fc72ca21ce2209fa13

7 3Snow ablation forms, "nine perritente", patterned ground1975

8ae50214b7fac164d76ea807f35cf72f

7 4Record book no. 131975-1976

90b9bf3f7727743f374bd7694d7dbf04

7 5Record book no. 141976

6a4d823b5b0e54f0e9d6d95ef31b39a0

7 6Mountain breathing MK, water vapor from drill hole, deuterium1976

ad8d4a684fb28136d9da907bd8642a73

7 7Record book no. 151976-1978

8d1131e4787207763a969c01c8473201

7 8Cape Cod canal fog1977-1982, 1959, 1962

c34ecd6d94a159629016cff762a19dbb

7 9Lake Waiau core photos- 1978, old photos of sargassum lines and rain showers1978

763dd1dc8caae850728c57eea48d8eaf

7 10Record book no. 161978-1982

b46695ad0953c017b310ca106d8393c0

7 11Geological Society of America Bulletin, pt. 21979

19e0c83086d357dafd5f4f23efc436b9

7 12Cape Cod canal fog data1981

04cba6c223262b1a1fc31c01d7007733

7 13Ice melt patterns1981-1982

8a822a1f435e501ef331a1fd5cfee455

7 14Hawaiian telescope project- environmental impact statement1982

5a3c33a214bc28ab488229288766e319

7 15Mauna Kea summit area, September 1982, UK drill hole temp. data1982

523c8439374fb76766f67388c56f5dcf

7 16Cape Cod Canal, Buzzards Bay, MA [record book no. 18]1982

48d872fb5b2b88e690c173c371f9b4b6

7 17September 1982 latest "ice patterns" work Woodcock and Lucas1982

d1b996423dc1df1f8086fa8626a0f269

7 18Hawaiian astronomy station- environmental impact study1982

bc8af55a1e1631adfc1f8adce1888aa6

7 19U. Hawaii Mauna Kea science reserve master plan

1895780eb49709ac35e33a70f6b6b739

8 1MB (mountain breathing)1966-1980

5c8d0abbd54e26312c7e0a39f6a83179

8 2Mountain breathing revisited1966-1980

de501536b7f849785b21a310a1862cf1

8 3MB (mountain breathing) [folder 2]1967-1986