1400 Washington AveAlbanyNY
1400 Washington AveAlbanyNY

Vincent J. Schaefer Papers

1891-1993

Processed and encoded with the generous support of the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

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Abstract

The Vincent J. Schaefer Papers represent the professional accomplishments and personal interests of the scientist who discovered cloud seeding. Schaefer spent more than 20 years with General Electric in Schenectady, New York, working his way up from apprentice, to research assistant, to research associate. In those years he was mentored by Irving Langmuir, Nobel Prize winner in chemistry. The work Schaefer did at General Electric laid the foundation for further success as he became director of research for the Munitalp Foundation, began a highly successful summer science program for high school students, acted as an independent consultant, and founded the Atmospheric Sciences Research Center at the State University of New York at Albany. This collection contains research data, notes, correspondence, publications, and photographs that showcase Schaefer's long, industrious scientific career as well as highlighting his many hobbies in local history and environmentalism.

Summary

Creator:
Schaefer, Vincent J.
Date Coverage:
1891-1993
Quantity:
135 cubic ft. (about 135 boxes)

Vincent J. Schaefer was born July 4, 1906, the oldest son of Peter Aloysius and Rose Agnes (Holtslag) Schaefer. Schaefer had two brothers, Paul and Carl, and two sisters, Gertrude and Margaret. The Schaefers lived in Schenectady, New York but enjoyed spending summers in the Adirondack Mountains. Schaefer had a lifelong association with the Adirondacks, as well as more general interests in hiking, natural history, and archeology. In his youth he was the founder of a local tribe of the Lone Scouts and with some of his friends wrote and printed a tribe paper called "Archeological Research." Schaefer credited this publication with his introduction to many prominent individuals in the Schenectady area, including Dr. Willis R. Whitney of the General Electric (G.E.) Research Laboratory.

In 1922 Schaefer found himself in the difficult position of having to leave school to supplement the family income. On the advice of his maternal uncles, Schaefer joined a four-year apprentice machinist course at G. E. During the second year of his apprenticeship, Schaefer was granted a one-month leave to accompany Dr. Arthur C. Parker, New York State Archeologist, on an expedition to central New York. As Schaefer was concluding the apprentice course in 1926 he was assigned to work at the machine shop of the G. E. Research Laboratory, where he worked for a year as a journeyman toolmaker.

Somewhat discouraged by his work in the machine shop, Schaefer sought to satisfy a desire to work outdoors and to travel by joining, initially through a correspondence course, the Davey Institute of Tree Surgery in Kent, Ohio, in 1927. After a brief period working in Michigan, Schaefer asked to be transferred back to the Schenectady area and for a while worked as an independent landscape gardener. Upon the advice of Robert Palmer, superintendent of the G.E. Research Laboratory, in 1929 Schaefer declined an opportunity to enter into a partnership for a plant nursery and instead rejoined the machine shop at the Research Laboratory, this time as a model maker.

During the late 1920s and early 1930s Schaefer built up his personal library on natural history, science, and his other areas of interest and read a great deal. He also organized groups with those who shared his many interests--the Mohawk Valley Hiking Club in 1929, the Van Epps-Hartley Chapter of the New York Archaeological Association in 1931, and the Schenectady Wintersport Club (which established snow trains to ski slopes in the Adirondacks) in 1932. In 1933 Schaefer began work on creating the Long Path of New York (a hiking trail beginning near New York City and ending at Whiteface Mountain in the Adirondacks). During this period Schaefer also created adult education programs on natural history topics which gave him opportunities to speak in the community. Through these many activities Schaefer continued to expand his acquaintances, including John Apperson, an engineer at General Electric and a devout conservationist of the Adirondacks. Apperson introduced Schaefer to Irving Langmuir, a scientist at the G.E. Research Laboratory who was awarded a Nobel Prize in 1932 for his work in surface chemistry. Among other things, Langmuir shared Schaefer's love of skiing and the outdoors.

At the Research Laboratory machine shop, Schaefer built equipment for Langmuir and his research associate, Katharine Blodgett. In 1932 Langmuir asked Schaefer to become his research assistant, which Schaefer accepted. In 1933 he began his research work with Langmuir, Blodgett, Whitney, and others at the Research Lab and throughout the G.E. organization. With his new colleagues as well as by himself, Schaefer published many reports on the areas he studied, which included surface chemistry techniques, electron microscope techniques, polarization, the affinity of ice for various surfaces, protein and other monolayers, studies of protein films, television tube brightness, and submicroscopic particulates. After his promotion to research associate in 1938, Schaefer continued to work closely with Langmuir on the many projects Langmuir obtained through his involvement on national advisory committees, particularly related to military matters in the years immediately before and during the Second World War. This work included research on gas mask filtration of smokes, submarine detection with binaural sound, and the formation of artificial fogs using smoke generators-- a project which reached fruition at Vrooman's Nose in the Schoharie Valley with a demonstration for military observers.

During Schaefer’s years as Langmuir's assistant, Langmuir encouraged him to carry on his own research projects. In 1940 Schaefer became known in his own right for the development of a method to make replicas of individual snowflakes using a thin plastic coating called Formvar. This discovery brought him national publicity in popular magazines and an abundance of correspondence from individuals, including many students, seeking to replicate his procedure.

In 1943 the focus of Schaefer's and Langmuir's research shifted to precipitation static, aircraft icing, ice nuclei, and cloud physics. Many of their experiments were carried out at Mount Washington Observatory in New Hampshire, where conditions were ideal for ice studies. In the summer of 1946, Schaefer developed a laboratory method to seed supercooled clouds with dry ice, and in November 1946 he conducted a successful field test seeding a natural cloud by airplane. The resulting publicity again brought him an abundance of correspondence, this time from people and businesses making requests for snow as well as scientists around the world also working on weather modification. Schaefer's discovery also led to debates over the appropriateness of tampering with nature through cloud seeding. In addition, the successful field test enabled Langmuir to obtain federal funding to support additional research in cloud seeding and weather modification by the G.E. Research Laboratory. Schaefer was coordinator of the laboratory portion of the U.S. military-sponsored Project Cirrus while the Air Force, Army Signal Corps, and Navy supplied the aircraft and pilots to carry out field tests and to collect the data used at the Research Laboratory. Field tests were conducted in the Schenectady area as well as in Puerto Rico and New Mexico.

When the military pilots working on Project Cirrus were assigned to duties in connection with the Korean War, G.E. recommended that Project Cirrus be discontinued after comprehensive reports were prepared of the project and the discoveries made. The final Project Cirrus report was issued in March 1953. While Project Cirrus was winding down, Schaefer was approached by Vernon Crudge on behalf of the trustees of a foundation called Munitalp to work on their newly-developed meteorological research program. For a time, Schaefer worked for both the Research Laboratory and Munitalp, but in 1954 he left the Research Laboratory to become the director of research for Munitalp. There Schaefer worked with the U.S. Forest Service in the northern Rocky Mountains on Project Skyfire, a program to determine the uses of cloud seeding to affect the patterns of lightning in thunderstorms (and the resulting forest fires started by lightning stikes). Project Skyfire had its roots in an association between the Forest Service and Schaefer begun in the early days of Project Cirrus. Schaefer also worked on developing a mobile atmospheric research laboratory and time-lapse films of clouds. Schaefer left Munitalp in 1958, turning down an offer to move with the organization to Kenya, but he remained an advisor to Munitalp for several years thereafter.

After leaving Munitalp, Schaefer's career turned toward scientific education. His own educational background left him with a firm belief in the power of independent learning and the importance of hands-on, practical experience. He worked with the American Meteorological Society and National Science Foundation on an educational film program and to develop what eventually became the Natural Sciences Institute (NSI) summer programs. The Atmospheric Sciences Program, as it was first known, gave high school students the opportunity to work with scientists while also conducting their own field research and experimentation. From 1959 to 1961 Schaefer was director of these summer sessions at the Loomis School in Connecticut. From 1962 to 1968 he continued the program under the auspices of the Atmospheric Sciences Research Center (ASRC) at the State University of New York at Albany, where it became the NSI. During this period Schaefer also continued his consulting work for many companies, government agencies, and universities. These consulting activities spanned most of Schaefer's career and extended beyond his retirement from the ASRC in 1976.

While conducting the Atmospheric Sciences Program, Schaefer’s work attracted the attention of Dean Oscar Lanford and President Evan Collins of the New York State Teachers College. They extended an invitation for Schaefer to come teach, which ultimately led to his founding of the Atmospheric Sciences Research Center in 1961. Schaefer himself became director in 1966, a position he held for ten years before giving control to Volker Mohnen. Schaefer brought highly qualified atmospheric science researchers to the ASRC, many of whom he had met through his work at G.E. and Munitalp. Bernard Vonnegut, Raymond Falconer and Duncan Blanchard were all veterans of Project Cirrus who joined Schaefer at the University at Albany. In addition to the NSI summer programs, Schaefer led annual research expeditions to Yellowstone National Park for scientists to conduct field work in the vicinity of Old Faithful. In the 1970s Schaefer's other research interests focused on solar energy, aerosols, gases, air quality, and pollution particles in the atmosphere. His work in some of these areas culminated in a three-part report on “Air Quality on the Global Scale” in 1978. In addition, during the 1970s, Schaefer was an instructor in the American Association for the Advancement of Science Chautauqua short courses for science teachers.

During his retirement, Schaefer worked with photographer John Day on A Field Guide to the Atmosphere (1981), a publication in the Peterson Field Guide series. In addition to continuing his consulting work, Schaefer was in a position to devote much more of his time to some of his life-long interests such as environmental issues and natural and local history. This included the writing of numerous articles and the delivering of many presentations concerning the natural environment of upstate New York and the human impact on it. He also devoted much of his time to the fight for the preservation of many wilderness areas and parks, such as the Mohonk Preserve, Vrooman's Nose, and the Great Flats Aquifer. Schaefer's long-term interest in Dutch barns made it possible for him to assume the editorship of Dutch Barn Miscellany for a time and to build a scale model of a Dutch barn. He also did a lot of research on the original settler families of the Schenectady and Mohawk Valley areas. During his retirement, Schaefer reflected on his extraordinary life, preparing timelines, an unpublished autobiography, and indices to some of his research notebooks and film collections. Schaefer also attended to the disposition of his papers and library. He worked on a project he entitled "Ancient Windows of the Earth," which involved the slicing of rocks thinly so as to create a translucent look. When he mounted such pieces on lampshades or other objects, it created a stained-glass window effect from the natural rock layers, highlighting the rock's geologic history. As part of this project, Schaefer designed and built a window in memory of his parents for the Saint James Church in North Creek in the Adirondacks.

Schaefer married Lois Perret on July 27, 1935. Until their deaths they lived on Schermerhorn Road in Schenectady, in a house Schaefer built with his brothers, which they called Woestyne South. Woestyne North was the name the Schaefers gave to their camp in the Adirondacks. The Schaefers had three children, Susan, Katherine, and James. Vincent Schaefer passed away July 25, 1993 at the age of 87.

The Vincent J. Schaefer Papers span Schaefer’s young adult years all the way through his retirement after leaving the Atmospheric Sciences Research Center at the University of Albany. His professional papers also include General Electric, the Munitalp Foundation, the Loomis School, and independent consulting. Schaefer was particularly well known for his role as the scientist who discovered cloud seeding, a development that stemmed from work he did with precipitation and ice nuclei studies during World War II. Schaefer was also known for his studies of surface chemistry, solar energy, and aerosols, and was a driving force in the environmental movements of the 1960s through the 1980s. The collection includes documentation of all of these topics, not only by Schaefer but by colleagues with whom he worked closely.

Additionally, this collection contains files documenting Schaefer's myriad personal interests, many of which focus on outdoor activities and demonstrate his love of nature. Researchers will find that there is much crossover between Schaefer's professional pursuits and the activities he enjoyed in his spare time.

While there are many records in the collection such as research notes, letters, notebooks, and maps, Schaefer also donated many photographs and films of his work, particularly in the area of cloud seeding. While the bulk of the collection comprises his professional life, there are also many files demonstrating Schaefer’s interests in local history, archaeology, and geography.

For related materials, please see the following collections held by the ME Grenander Department of Special Collection and Archives: Atmospheric Sciences Research Center Records (UA-450), which includes many publications and articles issued by the ASRC, Duncan Blanchard Papers (UA-902.065), Raymond Falconer Papers (UA-902.014) and Bernard Vonnegut Papers (APAP-UA-902.068)

The collection is organized into the following series and subseries:

The overall arrangement of the Vincent Schaefer Papers is chronological in an attempt to show the order of his professional accomplishments. This arrangement, however, is not a perfect reflection of exact order because many of Schaefer's professional ventures crossed over with other projects. For example, he conducted independent consulting work while also involved with Munitalp and the Atmospheric Sciences Research Center, and his work with the Atmospheric Sciences Center for high school students began as an independent project at Connecticut's Loomis School before migrating with Schaefer to the New York State Teachers College (later the University at Albany).

Most of the files in the series and subseries of the Vincent Schaefer Papers are arranged in alphabetical order. Exceptions are the subseries that contain reports and publications, which are arranged chronologically. Documents published in the same time frame are in order alphabetically by title.

  • Series 1 - General Electric (Non-Project Cirrus), 1891-1993, Undated
  • Subseries 1: Ice and Snow Research, 1932-1979, 1986, Undated
  • Subseries 2: Cloud Seeding & Weather Modification, 1932-1957, Undated
  • Subseries 3: General Research Notes, 1922-1954, 1970-1971, Undated
  • Subseries 4: Research Notebooks, 1936-1954
  • Subseries 5: Correspondence, 1939-1954, Undated
  • Subseries 6: Subject Files, 1891-1978, Undated
  • Subseries 7: Reports & Publications by Schaefer, 1936-1954, Undated
  • Subseries 8: Reports & Publications by Others- General Electric, 1913-1957, 1968, 1989, Undated
  • Subseries 9: Reports & Publications by Others- Non-General Electric, 1901-1953, 1978, 1988, Undated
  • Series 2 - Project Cirrus, 1943-1954, 1981, Undated
  • Subseries 1: Flight Data & Research, 1946-1953, Undated
  • Subseries 2: Subject Files, 1943-1953, 1981, Undated
  • Subseries 3: Reports & Publications, 1946-1954, Undated
  • Series 3 - Munitalp Foundation, 1940-1968, Undated
  • Subseries 1: General Research, 1948-1964, Undated
  • Subseries 2: Project Skyfire, 1940-1962, Undated
  • Subseries 3: Correspondence, 1950-1965, Undated
  • Subseries 4: Subject Files, 1948-1968, Undated
  • Subseries 5: Reports & Publications, 1952-1960, Undated
  • Series 4 - Consulting, 1950-1983, Undated
  • Subseries 1: Correspondence, 1950-1968, Undated
  • Subseries 2: Supplementary Materials, 1950-1983, Undated
  • Series 5 - Natural Sciences Institute, 1949-1990, Undated
  • Subseries 1: American Meteorological Society, 1949-1980, Undated
  • Subseries 2: Loomis School/NSI Administrative Files, 1958-1984, 1990, Undated
  • Subseries 3: Field Station Files, 1962-1968
  • Subseries 4: Student Papers & Notebooks, 1959-1973, Undated
  • Subseries 5: Reports & Publications, 1959-1978, Undated
  • Series 6 - Atmospheric Sciences Research Center, 1950-1993, Undated
  • Subseries 1: Administrative Files, 1954-1990, Undated
  • Subseries 2: Educational Activities, 1959-1992, Undated
  • Subseries 3: General Research, 1950-1993, Undated
  • Subseries 4: Desert Research Institute, 1953-1991, Undated
  • Subseries 5: Yellowstone Field Research Expeditions, 1961-1984, Undated
  • Subseries 6: Subject Files, 1953-1992, Undated
  • Subseries 7: Reports & Publications, 1948-1992, Undated
  • Subseries 8: Photographs, 1946-1988, Undated
  • Series 7 - The Institute on Man and Science, 1963-1991, Undated
  • Series 8 - Environmental Activism, 1926-1993, Undated
  • Subseries 1: Huyck Preserve, 1940-1988, Undated
  • Subseries 2: Mohonk, 1963-1993, Undated
  • Subseries 3: Great Flats Aquifer, 1971-1991, Undated
  • Subseries 4: Subject Files, 1926-1992, Undated
  • Subseries 5: Photographs, 1922-1986, Undated
  • Series 9 - Correspondence, 1922-1993, Undated
  • Subseries 1: General, 1923-1993, Undated
  • Subseries 2: By Topic, 1922-1993, Undated
  • Series 10 - A Field Guide to the Atmosphere, 1949-1992, Undated
  • Series 11 - Films, 1942-1971, Undated
  • Series 12 - Biographical/Background Materials, 1909-1993, Undated
  • Subseries 1: Personal Records, 1922-1993, Undated
  • Subseries 2: Dutch Barns, 1930-1993, Undated
  • Subseries 3: Local History and Archeology, 1909-1993, Undated

All items in the Vincent J. Schaefer Papers were donated by Vincent Schaefer or his heirs to the University Libraries, M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives, between 1979 and 1993.

Processed by: Kerry Lynch in 2011.

Collection record created by: Kerry Lynch

Published: 2011

Archival materials can be view in-person during business hours in our reading room, located on the top floor of the Science Library on the Uptown Campus.

We can also deliver digital scans for remote research for a fee.

Access to this record group is mainly unrestricted with the exception of fourteen folders in Series #5, the Natural Sciences Institute, and two folders in Series #6, the Atmospheric Sciences Research Center. Researchers with inquiries about this material should contact the head of archives.

Copyright Statement

The researcher assumes full responsibility for conforming with the laws of copyright. Whenever possible, the M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives will provide information about copyright owners and other restrictions, but the legal determination ultimately rests with the researcher. Requests for permission to publish material from this collection should be discussed with the Head of Special Collections and Archives.

Preferred citation for this material is as follows:

Identification of specific item, series, box, folder, Vincent J. Schaefer Papers, 1891-1993. M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives, University Libraries, University at Albany, State University of New York (hereafter referred to as the Schaefer Papers).

Contents of Collection

Quantity: 21.0 cubic ft. (about 21.0 boxes)
Arranged alphabetically, with the exception of the reports and publications which are chronological.
The research laboratory at General Electric was the launching pad for some of Vincent Schaefer’s most pivotal scientific work. This series contains research notes, photographs, reports (published and unpublished, internal and external), and correspondence relating to all of his more famous experiments as well as a range of lesser-known work accomplished during his years at the G.E. Research Laboratory in Schenectady. The materials cover topics such as smoke/artificial fog generation, surface chemistry, studies of ice and snow particles, and early cloud seeding. The series is divided according to areas of specific interest to Schaefer as well as correspondence and publications. Researchers looking for information on Project Cirrus will want to refer to Series #2, which is devoted entirely to notes, reports, and photos on that endeavor. However, any material not clearly and specifically identified by Schaefer as being Project Cirrus-related was not housed in that series; therefore it is likely that some correspondence and reports in Series #1 are in fact based in Project Cirrus. Researchers are encouraged to utilize both Series #1 and #2 if their interest lies with that project. Also notable is the fact that Schaefer was assigned to spend 50% of his work time on Project Cirrus, so although he was involved with that project for about five years, he did spend half of his time working on other tasks at G.E.’s research laboratory.
Arranged alphabetically
The formation and behavior of snow and ice crystals were a lifelong interest of Schaefer’s, and in his time at General Electric he was able to focus on the subject during the World War II years as ice related to the safety of U.S. Air Force planes. Schaefer and Irving Langmuir’s interest in that topic grew as a result of their World War II-era contract work with the military, and the experiments they conducted after the war’s end led directly to their Project Cirrus contract in 1947—an undertaking so extensive that their work in that area merited its own series in this collection. Much of their foundational work in snow and ice composition and behavior was grounded in observations and experiments conducted on Mount Washington in New Hampshire. Schaefer discovered during this time that ice crystals and snowflakes could be captured and observed using Formvar plastic. Using this method, he documented very specific data about ice and snow before creating some of the first replicas of specific snowflake shapes. The work of Schaefer and his colleagues regarding ice research includes handwritten notes, drawings, charts, photographs, reports, and correspondence specific to ice, snow, and Mount Washington.
BoxFolderContentsDate

nam_ua902.010-1.1_1

11Adams, John Mead- Review of WorkUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_2

12Aeronautical Ice Research Laboratory Reports1946

nam_ua902.010-1.1_3

13Aircraft Deicing and Heat Pump Storage Systems1952

nam_ua902.010-1.1_4

14Altitude and Ice Formation1945

nam_ua902.010-1.1_5

15American Geophysical Union Committee on Snow1952

nam_ua902.010-1.1_6

16Anchor Ice Charts1949 May

nam_ua902.010-1.1_7

17Antice 107- Letter From Princeton University1947 August 11

nam_ua902.010-1.1_8

18Antice 1001- Explanation and Efficiency GraphUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_9

19Association for the Study of Snow and Ice1939

nam_ua902.010-1.1_10

110Autograph Book with Daily Notes from Ice Collection Experiments1942 January

nam_ua902.010-1.1_11

111Barnes, H.T.- Film reviews1949 June 03

nam_ua902.010-1.1_12

112El Bastonero Newsletter1942 July-1942 August

nam_ua902.010-1.1_13

113"The Concentration of Ice Nuclei at the Summit of Mount Washington"ca. 1952

nam_ua902.010-1.1_14

114Convent, Photos1945

nam_ua902.010-1.1_15

115Cooperative Snow Research Project, Letters1945 April-1945 May

nam_ua902.010-1.1_16

116Crystal FormsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_17

117"Crystal Soul of Grace"- Poem, James; R. RobertsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_18

118Data from Mount Washington Observatory1945

nam_ua902.010-1.1_19

119De-Icing and Crystals/Snowflakes- Article Drafts, Correspondence, Notes, and Conferences1947, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_20

120Density Graphs1944

nam_ua902.010-1.1_21

121Detachment: Eighth Weather Squadron, Mount Washington Observatory- Report to Commanding General1946 February 27

nam_ua902.010-1.1_22

122Draft: Report of Panel on Fundamental Problems (Subcommittee on Icing Problems)Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_23

123Eastern Snow Conference1946, 1950, 1954

nam_ua902.010-1.1_24

124Electron Microscope Images of Snowflake Replicas1985

nam_ua902.010-1.1_25

125Equipment Photos and Data1944, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_26

126Essay on Snow (Untitled Manuscript)Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_27

127Final Report on Icing Research up to July 1, 19451945 October

nam_ua902.010-1.1_28

128Final Report on Icing Research up to July 1, 19461946 August 08

nam_ua902.010-1.1_29

129Florek, Forian- Snowflake Replicas1944

nam_ua902.010-1.1_30

130"For the First Time, Snowflakes are Made to Order,"Popular Science Monthly, Vol. 1201932 January

nam_ua902.010-1.1_31

131Forest Products Laboratory, Madison, WI- Relative Humidity of Saturated Salt Solutions at Different Temperatures1940 May 05

nam_ua902.010-1.1_32

132Formvar1945-1947

nam_ua902.010-1.1_33

133Formvar1948, 1951

nam_ua902.010-1.1_34

134Formvar Article: Schenectady Works News1944 December 29

nam_ua902.010-1.1_35

135Freezing Level, Impact on Precipitation, letter1948 January 14

nam_ua902.010-1.1_36

136General Electric Review Article, 1941Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_37

137Harvard-Mount Washington Icing Research Report 1946-1947, Chapter 11948 June 22

nam_ua902.010-1.1_38

138Harvard-Mount Washington Icing Research Report 1946-1947, Chapter 21948 June 22

nam_ua902.010-1.1_39

139Harvard-Mount Washington Icing Research Report 1946-1947, Chapter 31948 June 22

nam_ua902.010-1.1_40

140Harvard-Mount Washington Icing Research Report 1946-1947, Chapter 4-51948 June 22

nam_ua902.010-1.1_41

141High Altitude Data1947

nam_ua902.010-1.1_42

142Howell, Wallace E.- Correspondence and Research Notes1948-1950

nam_ua902.010-1.1_43

143Ice and Crystal Data1949, 1950

nam_ua902.010-1.1_44

144Ice and Rime Studies1952

nam_ua902.010-1.1_45

145Ice Crystals and Nuclei1948-1953

nam_ua902.010-1.1_46

146Ice Crystals- "Figure 5 Originals"Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_47

147Ice Crystals- "Figure 11 Originals"Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_48

148Ice DepositsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_49

149Ice Fogs Feature in Research for Industry Stanford News Bulletin1953 July

nam_ua902.010-1.1_50

150Icing and Precipitation Static Reports- IndexUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_51

151Icing and Precipitation Static Reports, Book 1/Report 11944, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_52

152Icing and Precipitation Static Reports, Book 1/Report 21944, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_53

153Icing and Precipitation Static Reports, Book 1/Report 3Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_54

154Icing and Precipitation Static Reports, Book 1/Report 41944, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_55

155Icing and Precipitation Static Reports, Book 1/Report 51944, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_56

156Icing and Precipitation Static Reports, Book 1/Report 61944, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_57

157Icing Experiments1945

nam_ua902.010-1.1_58

158Icing Nomenclature- Section XXVII of Unidentified Larger Document, Author UnidentifiedUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_59

159Icing Problems: International Civil American Organization1950 March-1950 September

nam_ua902.010-1.1_60

160Icing Report by University of California1946

nam_ua902.010-1.1_61

161Icing Research1946 May-1946 September

nam_ua902.010-1.1_62

162Icing Research- Correspondence, Drawings, Photos1944 April-1945 March

nam_ua902.010-1.1_63

163Icing Research- Correspondence1945 April-1945 December

nam_ua902.010-1.1_64

164Icing Research- Correspondence1945, 1950, 1951, 1953

nam_ua902.010-1.1_65

165Icing Research- Correspondence1946 January-1946 May

nam_ua902.010-1.1_66

21Icing Research- Correspondence1946 March-1946 October

nam_ua902.010-1.1_67

22Icing Research- Correspondence1947 April-1948 September

nam_ua902.010-1.1_68

23-4Icing Research: Germany and Czechoslovakia, Rare Reports from the Era of WWII, with Later Explanatory Note by Schaefer1943-1945, 1987

nam_ua902.010-1.1_69

25Icing Research: Helicopter Blades & Airfoils1945 May-1945 June, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_70

26Icing Research instruments: Letter to C.G. Suits from SchaeferUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_71

27Icing Research Reports- Air Technical Service Command and M.I.T1945, 1946

nam_ua902.010-1.1_72

28Icing Research Reports- Procedure Reminds, Observation Methods, Status Reports, and Helicopter Blade Tests1945

nam_ua902.010-1.1_73

29-10Japanese Research on Snow and Ice1934-1936, 1940

nam_ua902.010-1.1_74

211 The Journal of Glaciology 1947 January

nam_ua902.010-1.1_75

212Letter to Schaefer Regarding Returned Photos from Mount Washington Newsletter(photos included)1944-1945, 1953 September 11

nam_ua902.010-1.1_76

213Micrographia by Robert HookeUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_77

214Minutes of Meeting Regarding Icing Research at Mount Washington1945 June 19-1945 June 21

nam_ua902.010-1.1_78

215M.I.T De-Icing Lab data from B. Vonnegut1945 April 25

nam_ua902.010-1.1_79

216M.I.T De-Icing Lab Photos and Data1943 December 22

nam_ua902.010-1.1_80

217Morgan, W.D.- Correspondence1941 August

nam_ua902.010-1.1_81

218Mount Washington Observatory: Atmospheric PhenomenaUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_82

219Mount Washington Observatory: Background Brochure1950

nam_ua902.010-1.1_83

220Mount Washington Observatory : Changes to By-Laws1948

nam_ua902.010-1.1_84

221Mount Washington Observatory: Clark, Victor F.- Letter1944

nam_ua902.010-1.1_85

222Mount Washington Observatory: Contribution to the Theory of the Constitution of Clouds1949 January 20, 1949 April 20

nam_ua902.010-1.1_86

223Mount Washington Observatory: Contribution to the Theory of the Constitution of Clouds1949 July 20

nam_ua902.010-1.1_87

224Mount Washington Observatory: Contribution to the Theory of the Constitution of Clouds1949 October 20

nam_ua902.010-1.1_88

225Mount Washington Observatory: Contribution to the Theory of the Constitution of Clouds1950 January 31

nam_ua902.010-1.1_89

226Mount Washington Observatory: Contribution to the Theory of the Constitution of Clouds1950 April 30

nam_ua902.010-1.1_90

227Mount Washington Observatory: Contribution to the Theory of the Constitution of Clouds1950 July 31

nam_ua902.010-1.1_91

228Mount Washington Observatory: Contribution to the Theory of the Constitution of Clouds1951 April 23

nam_ua902.010-1.1_92

229Mount Washington: "Contributions to the Theory of the Constitution of Clouds" by the staff of the Observatory1951 October 23

nam_ua902.010-1.1_93

230Mount Washington Observatory: Correspondence1944-1945

nam_ua902.010-1.1_94

231Mount Washington Observatory: Correspondence1948

nam_ua902.010-1.1_95

232Mount Washington Observatory: Correspondence1953-1954

nam_ua902.010-1.1_96

233Mount Washington Observatory: Correspondence re: Pilots1945 January-1945 May

nam_ua902.010-1.1_97

234Mount Washington Observatory: Cottage on Mount WashingtonUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_98

235Mount Washington Observatory: Eighth Weather Squadron1946

nam_ua902.010-1.1_99

236"Mount Washington Observatory for Field Research ", Manuscript1953

nam_ua902.010-1.1_100

237Mount Washington Observatory- Helicopter Main Rotor Blades and Icing Issues1945 May-1945 June

nam_ua902.010-1.1_101

238Mount Washington Observatory: Icing Conditions at Airports1946

nam_ua902.010-1.1_102

239Mount Washington Observatory: Icing Data1945 January-1945 March

nam_ua902.010-1.1_103

240Mount Washington Observatory: Icing Data1945 April-1945 May

nam_ua902.010-1.1_104

241Mount Washington Observatory: Icing Data1945 June-1945 September

nam_ua902.010-1.1_105

242Mount Washington Observatory: Icing Data1945 October-1945 December

nam_ua902.010-1.1_106

243Mount Washington Observatory: Icing Data1946 January-1946 May

nam_ua902.010-1.1_107

244Mount Washington Observatory: Icing Data- Supplement to 5/45 Icing Report (Statistical Analysis)1945 May

nam_ua902.010-1.1_108

245Mount Washington Observatory: Icing Instruments Final Report by W.E. Howell1945 July 15

nam_ua902.010-1.1_109

246Mount Washington Observatory: Icing Research Articles (W.E. Howell)1946

nam_ua902.010-1.1_110

247Mount Washington Observatory: Icing Research Project with Harvard University1946

nam_ua902.010-1.1_111

248Mount Washington Observatory: Icing Studies1945-1949

nam_ua902.010-1.1_112

249Mount Washington Observatory: Icing Tests of Model XFD-1 Airplane1948

nam_ua902.010-1.1_113

250Mount Washington Observatory: Insect Specimens1946

nam_ua902.010-1.1_114

251Mount Washington Observatory: Maps, Photographs, Brochures1948-1954

nam_ua902.010-1.1_115

Oversized 4Mount Washington Observatory: Mini notebook set1940s

nam_ua902.010-1.1_116

252Mount Washington Observatory: New Test Facility, letter1951 May 24

nam_ua902.010-1.1_117

253Mount Washington Observatory News Bulletin1941-1960

nam_ua902.010-1.1_118

31Mount Washington Observatory News Bulletin (Not Continuous)1960-1967

nam_ua902.010-1.1_119

32Mount Washington Observatory News Bulletin with letter1985 Fall

nam_ua902.010-1.1_120

33Mount Washington Observatory: Nuclei Data Sheets1952

nam_ua902.010-1.1_121

34Mount Washington Observatory: Nuclei Data Sheets1953

nam_ua902.010-1.1_122

35Mount Washington Observatory: Nuclei Data Sheets1954

nam_ua902.010-1.1_123

36Mount Washington Observatory: Postcard to Lois Schaefer1943

nam_ua902.010-1.1_124

37Mount Washington Observatory: "Preliminary Report"1947 April

nam_ua902.010-1.1_125

38Mount Washington Observatory: Research Notes1944

nam_ua902.010-1.1_126

39Mount Washington Observatory: Research Proposals 1-63Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_127

310Mount Washington Observatory: "Research Studies at Mount Washington Observatory"ca. 1970s

nam_ua902.010-1.1_128

311Mount Washington: Reunion of Former Observers1979

nam_ua902.010-1.1_129

312Mount Washington Observatory: Rime Collection Studies1939

nam_ua902.010-1.1_130

313Mount Washington Observatory: Snow Measurement1943

nam_ua902.010-1.1_131

314Mount Washington Observatory: Sublimation Nuclei Project Cirrus1948-1950

nam_ua902.010-1.1_132

315Mount Washington Observatory: Trace coat CalibrationsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_133

316Mount Washington Observatory: "Visibility and Water Content in Clouds"(H.J. Aufm Kampe)1946 September

nam_ua902.010-1.1_134

317Mount Washington Observatory: "A Visit to the Mount Washington Observatory with Langmuir"Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_135

318Mount Washington Observatory: Volt-Ampere ChartsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_136

319Mount Washington Observatory: Weather guides and photos of instruments1936-1945

nam_ua902.010-1.1_137

320Mount Washington Observatory: Wind Research-Diary1944

nam_ua902.010-1.1_138

321National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, Icing Research: Correspondence, Reports, Charts1947-1951

nam_ua902.010-1.1_139

322Nevada Cooperative Snow Surveys1944-1946

nam_ua902.010-1.1_140

323National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics- Letter to I. Langmuir with Report from Conference on Aircraft Ice Prevention1947 June, 1947 October 06

nam_ua902.010-1.1_141

324National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics- Subcommittee on Icing Problems, Member Lists and Responsibilities1948 December 31, 1949 January 01

nam_ua902.010-1.1_142

325National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics- Technical Report: "The Design, Operation and Uses of the Water Channel as an Instrument for Investigation of Compressible- Flow Phenomena"1950 January

nam_ua902.010-1.1_143

326Newspaper Clippings1941-1945

nam_ua902.010-1.1_144

327Notes and Formulas- Ice CrystalsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_145

328Photo: Aerial View of Mount Washingtonca. 1940s

nam_ua902.010-1.1_146

329Photo: Ice Crystals- Microscopic ViewUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_147

330Photo: Gage TowersUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_148

331Photo: Graph- "Types of Frozen Precipitation"1949 October 17

nam_ua902.010-1.1_149

332Photo: Mount Washington Research Unit, United States Air ForceUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_150

333Photo: Rime Deposits1944

nam_ua902.010-1.1_151

334Photo: Rotating Multi-Cylinder with Ice1945 February 16

nam_ua902.010-1.1_152

335Photo: Schaefer in LaboratoryUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_153

336Photo: Schaefer Looking at Plate of Casts Through Microscopes, G.E. Research LabUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_154

337Photo: Schaefer Preserving Snowflakes- Flakes Included with PictureUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_155

338Photo: Shrinking Snow in Stages1946 February 20-1946 February 28

nam_ua902.010-1.1_156

339Photo: Star of BrightonUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_157

340Photo: Unidentified Man with Ice Chunks (possibly Robert Smith-Johannsen)Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_158

Oversized 41Photo: Unidentified, Possibly Microscopic View of Crystal Cross-SectionUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_159

341Photo Negatives: Electrical Properties of Snow1943-1944

nam_ua902.010-1.1_160

342Photo Negatives: Frost Crystals and Replicas1941, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_161

343Photo Negatives: German Water Droplet ChartsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_162

344Photo Negatives: Glacial IceUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_163

345Photo Negatives: HailstonesUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_164

346Photo Negatives: Ice Nucleus DetectionUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_165

347Photo Negatives: Ice Replicas1946

nam_ua902.010-1.1_166

348Photo Negatives: Ice Storm1946

nam_ua902.010-1.1_167

349Photo Negatives: Mount Washington Observatory1943-1944

nam_ua902.010-1.1_168

350Photo Negatives: Mount Washington Observatory1945-1948

nam_ua902.010-1.1_169

351Photo Negatives: Mount Washington ObservatoryUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_170

352Photo Negatives: Sea Ice ( Negatives show text, not pictures)Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_171

353Photo Negatives: Snow CrystalsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_172

354Photo Negatives: Snow experiments1947

nam_ua902.010-1.1_173

355Photo Negatives: Snowflake replicas1944-1946

nam_ua902.010-1.1_174

356Photo Negatives: Snowflakes1944

nam_ua902.010-1.1_175

357Photo Negatives: Sublimed Snow1946 February 26

nam_ua902.010-1.1_176

358Photos: Corn Snow at Granular LevelUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_177

359Photos: Damaged AircraftUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_178

360Photos: Electric Charge on SnowUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_179

361Photos: Frazil IceUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_180

362Photos: Frost Crystal ReplicasUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_181

363Photos: Ice (General)1945

nam_ua902.010-1.1_182

364Photos: Icing Experiments1942-1945

nam_ua902.010-1.1_183

365-66Photos: Individually Labeled Packets1945

nam_ua902.010-1.1_184

367Photos; Measuring DevicesUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_185

368Photos: Mount Washington Observatory1943-1948, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_186

369Photos: Outdoor Snow ScenesUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_187

370Photos: Schaefer Studying Snowflakesca. 1942

nam_ua902.010-1.1_188

371Photos: Sleet Particles, MagnifiedUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_189

372Photos: Sleet Replicas- Transparent formUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_190

373Photos: Snow and Snow Scenes1949, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_191

374Photos: Snow CrystalsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_192

375Photos: Snowflake Replicas1941, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_193

376Photos: Snowflakes1949-1961

nam_ua902.010-1.1_194

377-79Photos: Snowflakes and Snowflake Replicas1940s-1960s

nam_ua902.010-1.1_195

41-7Photos: Snowflakes and Snowflake Replicas1940s-1960s

nam_ua902.010-1.1_196

48Photos: Supercooled Clouds, Various Locations Including Mount WashingtonUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_197

49Photos: Tug Hill Observations (Livingston Lansing)Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_198

410Photos: Winter ScenesUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_199

411Precipitation static1943-1944

nam_ua902.010-1.1_200

412Presentation Planning- Preliminary NotesUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_201

413Press Release: Snowflakes and Static Electricity1946 June

nam_ua902.010-1.1_202

414Princeton University De-icing Data With Letter1947 August, 1948 January 26

nam_ua902.010-1.1_203

415Propeller Tests- Icing on Blades1946 April

nam_ua902.010-1.1_204

416Publication Rights Request1986 August 26

nam_ua902.010-1.1_205

417"Research Studies at the Mount Washington Observatory"- How General Electric Came to Mount Washington, With Photos1944, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_206

418Rime and Icelac- Photos, Notes/Formulas, Charts1944-1945, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_207

419Snow and Ice Classification1948-1954

nam_ua902.010-1.1_208

420Snow and Glaciers, International Commission and U. Nakaya1945-1948

nam_ua902.010-1.1_209

421-22Snow and Ice, International Commission1946 August-1953 June

nam_ua902.010-1.1_210

423Snow Cover ChartUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_211

424Snow Crystal Charts and Electrical Properties of Snow1944-1949, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_212

425Snow Crystal Correspondence1950, 1956, 1970

nam_ua902.010-1.1_213

426Snow Crystal Formations1942

nam_ua902.010-1.1_214

427Snow Crystal Illustrations, Rutland, Vermont1948 March

nam_ua902.010-1.1_215

428Snow Crystal NotesUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_216

429Snow Crystal Survey- December and January ReportsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_217

430Snow/Electricity request for Information1947 February 27

nam_ua902.010-1.1_218

431Snow, Ice and Permafrost Report1949

nam_ua902.010-1.1_219

432Snow Making in the Pocono Mountains1950 December 31

nam_ua902.010-1.1_220

433Snow Research: Correspondence, Photocopied articles, Supply orders, Notes1945-1949

nam_ua902.010-1.1_221

434-39Snow Research: Laboratory at Schenectady1944

nam_ua902.010-1.1_222

440Snow Research Reports1944

nam_ua902.010-1.1_223

441Snow Research : Storm Data1944

nam_ua902.010-1.1_224

442Snow Storm Survey1945-1946

nam_ua902.010-1.1_225

443Snow Storm Survey Notebookca. 1949

nam_ua902.010-1.1_226

444Snow Survey, New York1948 March

nam_ua902.010-1.1_227

445Snowfall Data1946-1947

nam_ua902.010-1.1_228

446Snowfall Data, Shattuck Observatory, NH, 1867-19491950, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_229

447Snowflake Catalog1941 February-1941 March

nam_ua902.010-1.1_230

448Snowflake Distribution GraphsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_231

449Snowflake Model for Schools1946

nam_ua902.010-1.1_232

450Snowflake Photo RequestsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_233

451"Snowflake Photography" by V. Schaeferca. 1942

nam_ua902.010-1.1_234

452Snowflake Preservation and Replica Correspondence, especially with Natural History Magazine1941-1943

nam_ua902.010-1.1_235

453Snowflake Preservation PosterUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_236

454-55Snowflake Replicas1940s, 1957

nam_ua902.010-1.1_237

456"Snowflakes" (Minicam Photography)ca. 1945

nam_ua902.010-1.1_238

457Snowflakes and Ice Crystals: Note, Graphs, Photos1943-1950

nam_ua902.010-1.1_239

458-59Snowflakes Captured on Cardboard1945, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_240

460Snow Making for Movie Production1948

nam_ua902.010-1.1_241

461-62Special Icing Observations at Mount Washington Observatory1945

nam_ua902.010-1.1_242

463Types of Frozen Precipitation1943, 1947, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.1_243

464University of Michigan Engineering Research Institute- Work Report to Wright Air Development Center, U.S. Air Force1952 April

nam_ua902.010-1.1_244

465University of Michigan Icing Research Project1952-1953

nam_ua902.010-1.1_245

466Vortex Ice Generator1947

nam_ua902.010-1.1_246

467Western Snow Conference: The Snow Surveyors' Forum1950

nam_ua902.010-1.1_247

468Winter Magic (Proposed book by Schaefer)1946 October 08
Arranged alphabetically
The inspiration for Schaefer’s work with cloud seeding began during his experiments with Irving Langmuir during World War II. At that time they were under contract with the military for other weather-related reasons, but their research led them to wonder about the possibilities of controlling weather beyond military needs. Schaefer accomplished some of his most important foundational work with cloud seeding in 1946, before General Electric joined in another contract with the U.S. Navy, Air Force, and Army Signal Corps. These records document some of Schaefer’s initial work with cloud seeding, before the official birth of Project Cirrus. Researchers will also find about a dozen files on Project Blowdown, a cloud seeding operation conducted in Honduras to aid the United Fruit Company.
BoxFolderContentsDate

nam_ua902.010-1.2_1

51Advisory Committee on Weather Control1953-1954

nam_ua902.010-1.2_2

52Advisory Committee on Weather Control- Correspondence1955

nam_ua902.010-1.2_3

53Advisory Committee on Weather Control- Correspondence1956, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.2_4

54Advisory Committee on Weather Control- Correspondence1957

nam_ua902.010-1.2_5

55Advisory Committee on Weather Control- Reports1954

nam_ua902.010-1.2_6

56Anderson, Clinton P.- Weather Control Bill (with article by Schaefer)1950

nam_ua902.010-1.2_7

57Cloud Code Chart1949

nam_ua902.010-1.2_8

58Cloud Droplet Research, Booted Cylinder, Negatives1945

nam_ua902.010-1.2_9

59Cloud Meter1945-1946

nam_ua902.010-1.2_10

510Cloud Seeding Advice to W.D. Williams, El Paso, Texas1947 July 17

nam_ua902.010-1.2_11

511Cloud Seeding and Snow Data with IllustrationsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.2_12

512Cloud Seeding by Others: Arizona1948

nam_ua902.010-1.2_13

513Cloud Seeding by Others: Around the United States1950-1952

nam_ua902.010-1.2_14

514-15Cloud Seeding by Others: Australia1946-1947, 1951

nam_ua902.010-1.2_15

516Cloud Seeding by Others: Bolivia (Montreal Engineering Co., LTD.1951

nam_ua902.010-1.2_16

517-22Cloud Seeding by Others: Bonneville Power Administration (evaluations)1950-1952

nam_ua902.010-1.2_17

523Cloud Seeding by Others: California, with photos1948

nam_ua902.010-1.2_18

524Cloud seeding by Others: Clippings1947 June-1947 July

nam_ua902.010-1.2_19

525Cloud Seeding by Others: Coloradoca. 1952

nam_ua902.010-1.2_20

526Cloud Seeding by Others: Gathman, Louis- "Rain Produced at Will"Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.2_21

527Cloud Seeding by Others: Mexico1947, 1950-1951

nam_ua902.010-1.2_22

528Cloud Seeding by Others: Montana and Washington1952

nam_ua902.010-1.2_23

529Cloud Seeding by Others: New York City1949

nam_ua902.010-1.2_24

530Cloud Seeding by Other: Oregon, Photo1947 April 04

nam_ua902.010-1.2_25

531Cloud Seeding by Others: Philippines1947-1948, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.2_26

532Cloud Seeding by Others: South Dakota1953 June 13

nam_ua902.010-1.2_27

533Cloud Seeding by Others: Statistical Evaluation, U.S. Department of Agriculture1952 October 30

nam_ua902.010-1.2_28

534Cloud Seeding Data- Air Expansion and Ice1951, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.2_29

535Cloud Seeding Data- W.E. Howell to V. Schaefer1950 April-1950 November, 1953 February 12

nam_ua902.010-1.2_30

536Cloud Seeding: Newspaper Articles by Schaefer1953 September

nam_ua902.010-1.2_31

537Cloud Seeding- Post Project Cirrus: Trip to Norway (Newspaper articles in Norwegian)1952-1954, 1952 October

nam_ua902.010-1.2_32

538Cloud Slides with Letter, Idaho and Montana1953-1954

nam_ua902.010-1.2_33

539Cloud Stereos, Negatives1944

nam_ua902.010-1.2_34

540Clouds: Device for Measuring Liquid Water Content1945 January 29

nam_ua902.010-1.2_35

541Codes for Cloud Forms and States of the Sky1938

nam_ua902.010-1.2_36

542Congressional Bill (H.R. 4582) on Chief of Weather Bureau Conducting rainfall experiments1947 November 25, 1948 February 27

nam_ua902.010-1.2_37

543Congressional Bill (S. 2225) "To Create a Committee to Study and Evaluate Public and Private Experiments in Weather Modification"1951 October

nam_ua902.010-1.2_38

544Congressional Bill (S.285) on Weather Control1953 August 13

nam_ua902.010-1.2_39

545Congressional Hearings on Weather Control1951

nam_ua902.010-1.2_40

546Congressional Testimony on Weather Control by D.E. Chambers1948 March 16

nam_ua902.010-1.2_41

547Diagrams: Potential Seeding Operations1947 February 06

nam_ua902.010-1.2_42

548Dyed DataUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.2_43

549First Cloud Seeding Flight- Temperature Record1946 November 13

nam_ua902.010-1.2_44

550Gardner, Jr., C.- Articles on Rain Making (Staff Member for Senator Francis Case)1951, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.2_45

551Governmental Affairs Legislative Daily- Blurb about Control of Rain Making1951 March 16

nam_ua902.010-1.2_46

552"House Bill No.66" Re: Weather Modification1951 April

nam_ua902.010-1.2_47

553Langmuir, Irving: Periodicities in Seeding, Schedules1952

nam_ua902.010-1.2_48

554Langmuir, Irving: Rainfall Data1950

nam_ua902.010-1.2_49

555Langmuir, Irving: Socorro, NM- Average Rainfall Distribution1950

nam_ua902.010-1.2_50

556Legislation and Testimony Regarding Weather Control1951

nam_ua902.010-1.2_51

557Map: Storm Track and Origin of Air Masses1946 January 30

nam_ua902.010-1.2_52

558Memorandum on Introduction of Ice Nuclei into Clouds- Irving Langmuir (with related notes)1946 August 16

nam_ua902.010-1.2_53

559National Weather Improvement Association1952

nam_ua902.010-1.2_54

560"New Flights Confirm Artificial Snow Production"-GE Press Release1946

nam_ua902.010-1.2_55

561Operation B (Multiple Plan Operation)Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.2_56

562"Cloud Seeding in Cold Chamber. Schaefer, Langmuir and Vonnegut"ca. 1946

nam_ua902.010-1.2_57

563Photo: Montana Thunder CloudUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.2_58

564Photo: Woman Reading "Snowstorm Manufactured" Article fromBoston Globeca. November 1946

nam_ua902.010-1.2_59

565Photo Negatives: Cloud Box ExperimentsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.2_60

566-68Photo Negatives: Cloud Formations1942

nam_ua902.010-1.2_61

569Photo Negatives: Cloud FormationsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.2_62

570Photo Negatives: Clouds at Woestyne South1945 October 22

nam_ua902.010-1.2_63

571Photo Negatives: Conversion of Super Cooled Ground Fog to SnowUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.2_64

572Photos: Aerial Shots- CloudsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.2_65

573Photos: Cloud Chamber Work1952, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.2_66

574Photos: Cloud Formations1948-1950, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.2_67

575Photos: Cloud FormationsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.2_68

576Photos: Clouds- Montana, Oregon, and UnidentifiedUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.2_69

61Photos: Dry Ice Experiments at General Electricca. 1946

nam_ua902.010-1.2_70

62Photos: First Cloud Seeding Flight1946 November 13

nam_ua902.010-1.2_71

63Photos: Schaefer and Bernard Vonnegut at Work with Cloud Chamberca. 1946, 1947

nam_ua902.010-1.2_72

64Second Dry Ice Seeding Near Saratoga Lake Photos1946 December 20

nam_ua902.010-1.2_73

65Physics of Clouds1945-1948

nam_ua902.010-1.2_74

66Poster Mock-up: "I.A.S. Present Mr. Vincent J. Schaefer…"Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.2_75

67Priest River Forest Experimental Station- Climatological Summary1932

nam_ua902.010-1.2_76

68Radio Appearances by Schaefer on Snowmaking1946 November, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.2_77

69"The Scribble- In Book" with Assorted Cloud photosUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.2_78

610Short Report on Dry Ice Properties, Author UnidentifiedUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.2_79

611Statements on Weather Modification (Assorted Contributions)1951

nam_ua902.010-1.2_80

612Statement on Weather Modification Possibilities1951 June 08

nam_ua902.010-1.2_81

613Stokes Law Graph: Falling Cloud DropletsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.2_82

614Suggestions for Cloud Studies to Establish Importance of Artificial Seeding Operations in a particular Area1951 May 11

nam_ua902.010-1.2_83

615Super Cooled Cloud, Method for Producing Spiral VortexUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.2_84

616Thunderstorm FormationUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.2_85

617U.S. Senate Bills on Weather Modification1951

nam_ua902.010-1.2_86

618Weather control: Arthur Godfrey humor1947 July 29

nam_ua902.010-1.2_87

619Weather Control: Bills and Correspondence1951, 1953

nam_ua902.010-1.2_88

620Weather Control: Newspaper Clippings1953-1959

nam_ua902.010-1.2_89

621Weather Control: Research and Development Board Meeting1951 June 12

nam_ua902.010-1.2_90

622Weather Observations1942-1944

nam_ua902.010-1.2_91

623Weather Research: Project Outlines, Graphs, Experimental Weather Forecasts (Schaefer and Falconer)1951-1953
Arranged alphabetically
This subseries is comprised of various research data retained by Schaefer that were not filed specifically with cloud seeding or ice and snow research. These are the notes, graphs, drawings, and photographs of experiments that supported later discoveries in his larger projects. Notes and photos in this subseries include subjects such as surface tension, monomolecular layers, smoke generation, fog, uses of calgon, and electron microscopy. Also of note are his observations on precipitation and precipitation static, which he worked on with Irving Langmuir during World War II. While the bulk of the notes are Schaefer’s own, there are also papers that belonged to Langmuir and various other scientists who shared observations with Schaefer.
BoxFolderContentsDate

nam_ua902.010-1.3_1

71Absorbing Membranes- Notes, Graphs, Correspondence, Photos1944-1945

nam_ua902.010-1.3_2

72Acid Values, Solar Radiation, etc.1936-1938

nam_ua902.010-1.3_3

73Atmospheric Electricity Observations1944-1945

nam_ua902.010-1.3_4

74Atmospheric Electricity- Mount Washington, Collector Tapes1944 February

nam_ua902.010-1.3_5

75Atmospheric Electricity, Mount Washington- Blowing Snow: Cross Current Storm with Arrival of Cold Front/Mount Washington, Cross Current Storm, Schenectady, Collector Tapes1944 March

nam_ua902.010-1.3_6

76Atmospheric Electricity, Types of Clear Weather Currents, Collector Tapes1944 March

nam_ua902.010-1.3_7

77Atmospheric Electricity- Overcast- Comparison of cc and cp Collector Tapes1944 March 30-1944 March 31

nam_ua902.010-1.3_8

78Atmospheric Electricity: Tapes of Rain, Sleet, and Brief Snow Showers, Collector Tapes1944

nam_ua902.010-1.3_9

79Atmospheric Electricity- Snow Lab, Schenectady, Woestyne- Schonwee, Collector Tapes1944 June 10

nam_ua902.010-1.3_10

710Atmospheric Electricity: Rainstorm - No Thunder or Lightening Synchronous Electrical Measurements, Rain Traces, Collector Tapes and Photographs1944 June 10

nam_ua902.010-1.3_11

711Atmospheric Electricity: Measurements of Flow of Electricity to Ground During Heavy Rainstorms Accompanied by Lightning , Collector Tapes1944 June 15-1944 June 16

nam_ua902.010-1.3_12

712Atmospheric Electricity- Ordinary Type Thunderstorm Mohawk Valley, Schenectady NY, Moderate- Heavy Rain, Collector Tapes1944 June 19

nam_ua902.010-1.3_13

713Atmospheric Electricity- Traces of Drizzle, Heavy Rain Showers, End of Heavy Thunderstorm, Collector Tapes1944 June 19

nam_ua902.010-1.3_14

714Atmospheric Electricity- Violent Type Thunderstorm, Rain Cloud burst Proportions, Woestyne Station, Collector Tapes1944 June 19

nam_ua902.010-1.3_15

715Atmospheric Electricity- Drizzle, Positive Type Rain, Collector TapesUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_16

716Atmospheric Electricity- Rain Storm, Very Little Thunder, Heavy Rain to Light Mist, Anomalous High Frequency Effect, Collector Tapes1944 June 20

nam_ua902.010-1.3_17

717Atmospheric Electricity- Thunderstorm with Hail Showing Effect of Distant Storms1944 July 04

nam_ua902.010-1.3_18

718Atmospheric Electricity- Thunderstorms, Schenectady, Mount Washington Collector Tapes1944 June 06

nam_ua902.010-1.3_19

719Atmospheric Electricity- Thunderstorm, No Rain Collector Tapes1944 July-1944 September

nam_ua902.010-1.3_20

720Atmospheric Electricity- Wet Snow Storm Collection Tape1944 November 18

nam_ua902.010-1.3_21

721Atmospheric Oscillations- Proposal for a StudyUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_22

722Badily Ridge/ Looking Glass Summit- Weather Observations and Map1948 August 01

nam_ua902.010-1.3_23

723Barium Stearic Acid1937

nam_ua902.010-1.3_24

724C23 Acid Dataca. 1940

nam_ua902.010-1.3_25

725Calculation of Light Scattering by Smoke Particles1942-1943

nam_ua902.010-1.3_26

Artifact-box 1Calibrated Filters (Blodgett) and Snow Replica Slides (Schaefer)1943 September 09, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_27

726Cannon Mountain - Weather Observations1943-1944

nam_ua902.010-1.3_28

727Capacitor Calculations1947 November 25

nam_ua902.010-1.3_29

728Coil Frosting Rates1947

nam_ua902.010-1.3_30

729Cold Chamber: Diagram with Photo NegativesUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_31

730Chemical Lists- Prior to 1950 and Prior to 1954ca. 1954

nam_ua902.010-1.3_32

731Cholesterol/Epicholesterol Notes, DrawingsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_33

732Cold Chamber: Equipment ListUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_34

733Cold Chamber: GraphsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_35

734Cold Chamber: Sublimation Nuclei DetectionUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_36

735Cold Chamber: Temperatures During Benzene RunUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_37

736Condensation Notes with DrawingsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_38

737Condensation Nuclei Notes- IncompleteUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_39

738Condensation Nuclei Symposium1954 November 07

nam_ua902.010-1.3_40

739Construction Details- Trace Coat Tape Recorder1945 April

nam_ua902.010-1.3_41

740Crystal Deposits on Plasticca. 1942

nam_ua902.010-1.3_42

741Crystal Deposits- Unidentified1945

nam_ua902.010-1.3_43

742Crystal Growth Report- Central Engineering Plant, Dept. of Research1946 August 15

nam_ua902.010-1.3_44

743Cycol Theory of Protean Structure/ Mechanisms of Lubrication1949, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_45

744-45Cytological Research1933

nam_ua902.010-1.3_46

746Daily Temperatures (Location Unknown)1952

nam_ua902.010-1.3_47

747Deposition Ratesca. 1939-1940

nam_ua902.010-1.3_48

748Diamond Dust- ObservationsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_49

749Diffusion Rates of H2O from Clean H20 Surface1940, 1945, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_50

750Di-N-Propyl Sebacate- Synthesis1940 May 29

nam_ua902.010-1.3_51

751Electric Hygrometer Development Report with Letter1944 November 28, 1945 April 23

nam_ua902.010-1.3_52

752Electrometer Illustrations with Notes1949 January, 1949 November

nam_ua902.010-1.3_53

753Electron Microscopy: Magnified Crystals ImagesUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_54

754Electron Microscopy: Magnified ImagesUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_55

755Electron Microscopy: PhotomicrographsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_56

756Electron Microscopy: Photomicrographs with Notes1939-1941, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_57

757Electron Microscopy: "Replica Technique and Metallographic Presentation for the Electron Microscope" with Images1944

nam_ua902.010-1.3_58

758Enlarger- Diagrams and Notes1943 June 09, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_59

759Evaporation Rates and Surface Films1940

nam_ua902.010-1.3_60

760Evaporation Rates: Data on Dehydrating Materials1939-1940, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_61

761Evaporation Studiesca. 1950-1970

nam_ua902.010-1.3_62

762Evaporation Through Surface Films1940

nam_ua902.010-1.3_63

763Experiment Using Photographic Plates, InstructionsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_64

764Experiments with Color Photography- Photos and Notes1945

nam_ua902.010-1.3_65

765"Experimental 30-Day Forecasts1953 June-1953 September

nam_ua902.010-1.3_66

766"Experimental 30-Day Forecast for the Albany-Schenectady Area" R. Falconer1953 July

nam_ua902.010-1.3_67

767Filter Data1941

nam_ua902.010-1.3_68

768Fluxometer Theory1940 November 13

nam_ua902.010-1.3_69

769Fog Dispersal Studies1943-1952

nam_ua902.010-1.3_70

770Fog Dispersal Studies1946

nam_ua902.010-1.3_71

771Forest Fire Data- Coconino ForestUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_72

772Friction Studies1934

nam_ua902.010-1.3_73

773General Experiments1941, 1944-1945, 1950, 1952, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_74

774General Notes: Weather Observations and Contract with Navy1946

nam_ua902.010-1.3_75

775Glass Filter Researchca. 1940

nam_ua902.010-1.3_76

776Graph: Time Changes in Smoke in a Vessel of Volume VUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_77

777Gregg, Arthur- Research Notes1940-1942

nam_ua902.010-1.3_78

778H2O Vapor- Data and Drawings1947-1948, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_79

779Hail Report- Flight Research Division, NACA1951 February

nam_ua902.010-1.3_80

780Halo Measurement1943 January 10

nam_ua902.010-1.3_81

781Hand Unit Nuclei Counter1949 April 07

nam_ua902.010-1.3_82

782Hartford, CT- Weather Conditions1949 June 05, 1949 June 06

nam_ua902.010-1.3_83

783Heat Pump Defrosting Studies1951-1952

nam_ua902.010-1.3_84

784Hydrology and Related MattersUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_85

785Hypsometer Study1948

nam_ua902.010-1.3_86

786Index Card File- Scientific Notes and Contacts1951-1956, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_87

787Index to Schaefer's General Electric Research Notebooksca. 1954

nam_ua902.010-1.3_88

788Iron Particles, Nucleation and Growth of During Electrode Position into Mercury Cathodes1953 Summer

nam_ua902.010-1.3_89

789Jet Stream: Black Sheep Project, Technical Note #41954 September 13

nam_ua902.010-1.3_90

790Jet Stream: Map- TornadoesUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_91

791Jet Stream: Schaefer's Observational Data1950 June 21, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_92

792Jet Stream: United States Maps1953 March-1953 September

nam_ua902.010-1.3_93

793Jet Stream: United States Maps (Conic Projection)1953 January 01-1953 March 14

nam_ua902.010-1.3_94

794Jet Stream: United States Maps1953 June-1953 November

nam_ua902.010-1.3_95

795Kansas and Wyoming Projects1948, 1952, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_96

796Laboratory Notes and Graph1934, 1935, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_97

797Light Spectra ImagesUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_98

798Liquid Oil Fog Generator- Notes and DrawingsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_99

799"Match Angle Data- Absolute Thickness of Monolayer's Considering n." From Data Supplied by Dr. K.B. Blodgett1947

nam_ua902.010-1.3_100

7100Meteorological Records- Monthly Meteorological Summaries, U.S. Dept. of Commerce Weather Bureau1946

nam_ua902.010-1.3_101

7101Methods of Dissipating Supercooled Clouds in the Natural Atmosphere- Notes and FormulasUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_102

7102Molar Equivalents per 1/2 Liter of H2OUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_103

7103Monolayer GraphsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_104

7104Monomolecular Firms: Calgon1936

nam_ua902.010-1.3_105

7105Monomolecular Firms: Calgon1936-1937

nam_ua902.010-1.3_106

81Monomolecular Films: Calgon1937

nam_ua902.010-1.3_107

82Monomolecular Films: Electrical Tests of Monomolecular Firms with Ionized Gaseous Electrode, GE Engineering Laboratory1938 February

nam_ua902.010-1.3_108

83Monomolecular Films: Lubrication/Viscosity1934-1935

nam_ua902.010-1.3_109

84Monomolecular Films: Microanalysis1937 April

nam_ua902.010-1.3_110

85Monomolecular Films: Properties1939

nam_ua902.010-1.3_111

86Monomolecular Films: Protein Films1939-1940

nam_ua902.010-1.3_112

87Monomolecular Firms: Protein Monolayer Viscosity1937

nam_ua902.010-1.3_113

88Monomolecular Films: Proteins, Monolayers, and the Tobacco Mosaic Virus1933-1937

nam_ua902.010-1.3_114

89Monomolecular Films: Temperature Measurements with Assorted Reports by Non- G.E. Workers1940-1941

nam_ua902.010-1.3_115

810Monomolecular Films: Thin Films1941

nam_ua902.010-1.3_116

811-12Monomolecular Films: Thin Film Studies1938-1942

nam_ua902.010-1.3_117

813Molecular Films: The Films- Spectrophometer Curves Transmission- Reflection Characteristics1939-1940

nam_ua902.010-1.3_118

814Monomolecular Films: Torsion and Viscosity Tables and Formulae1937-1938

nam_ua902.010-1.3_119

815Monomolecular Films: Torsion Data and Slides, Bearings1934-1936

nam_ua902.010-1.3_120

816Navy versus Air Force Bombers- Comparison1953 May 16

nam_ua902.010-1.3_121

817Nucleonic Project1946 May 24

nam_ua902.010-1.3_122

818Odor Performance of Aluminum Surfaces1952

nam_ua902.010-1.3_123

819Oil on Water1948

nam_ua902.010-1.3_124

820Organic Chemistry Notes (and other)Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_125

821OTK Sprinkler1952-1953

nam_ua902.010-1.3_126

822Output Steam Generator Measurements1949 September 20

nam_ua902.010-1.3_127

823Oxygen in the Atmosphere1950

nam_ua902.010-1.3_128

824Parallel Tube Collimator1944-1945

nam_ua902.010-1.3_129

825Particle StudiesUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_130

826Pepsin Studiesca. 1936-1937

nam_ua902.010-1.3_131

827Perfuorodecanoic Acidca. 1940s

nam_ua902.010-1.3_132

828Permafrost ResearchUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_133

829-30Permeability of Combination Films, Fatty Acids, and Cholesterol1940

nam_ua902.010-1.3_134

831PH ChartsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_135

832Photos: Artificial Fog Testing1942 June 24

nam_ua902.010-1.3_136

833Photo: Capped Hexagonal ColumnUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_137

834Photo: Electron Micrograph Cross Section, Barium Behenate and Barium PalmitateUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_138

835Photo: Fog GeneratorUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_139

836Photo: Langmuir, I., C.G. Suits and W.D. Coolidge at Vrooman's Nose- Smoke Generator Tests1942 June

nam_ua902.010-1.3_140

837Photo: Lightning Bolts, with Loan Note re: Ed EvansUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_141

838Photo: Lightning Strikes over Priest LakeUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_142

839Photo: Schaefer, Langmuir and Robert Smith- Johansen watch Katharine Blodgett at workUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_143

840Photo: Schaefer's desk at General Electric, Schaefer at work1942

nam_ua902.010-1.3_144

841Photo Negatives: Adirondacks1927-1939, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_145

842Photo Negatives: Airborne ParticlesUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_146

843Photo Negatives: Aluminum and Copper ReplicasUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_147

844Photo Negatives: Bubble Trajectory and Camera Spheres1951, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_148

845Photo Negatives: CartoonsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_149

846Photo Negatives: Cold Chamber DiffusionUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_150

847Photo Negatives: Crystals- Velocity of Fall and ChargeUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_151

848Photo Negatives: Effect of Dissolved Salts on Expansion PatternsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_152

849Photo Negatives: Elk Mountain, WyomingUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_153

850Photo Negatives: Expansion Patterns of ProteinsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_154

851Photo Negatives: Fiber CelluloseUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_155

852Photo Negatives: Fog Particles and Generation1943, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_156

853Photo Negatives: Formation of Expansion PatternsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_157

854Photo Negatives: General Lab ExperimentsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_158

855Photo Negatives: Lab Apparatus1945

nam_ua902.010-1.3_159

856Photo Negatives: Large Particle SamplingUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_160

857Photo Negatives: Leaf ReplicasUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_161

858Photo Negatives: Macro Experiments1943

nam_ua902.010-1.3_162

859Photo Negatives: Quartz ReplicasUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_163

860Photo Negatives: "SC PVA"Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_164

861Photo Negatives: Scientific Adventures1952

nam_ua902.010-1.3_165

862-65Photo Negatives: Smoke Generation1942

nam_ua902.010-1.3_166

866Photo Negatives: Smoke Generation1942-1944

nam_ua902.010-1.3_167

867-68Photo Negatives: Smoke Generation, Vrooman's Nose1942

nam_ua902.010-1.3_168

869Photo Negatives: Smoke Screen Tests1941 September 22

nam_ua902.010-1.3_169

870Photo Negatives: Spontaneous Ignition1943 December

nam_ua902.010-1.3_170

871Photo Negatives: Sooted Slides1943 December 31

nam_ua902.010-1.3_171

872Photo Negatives: Steam Jet1943 December 16

nam_ua902.010-1.3_172

873Photo Negatives: Supercooled SolutionsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_173

874Photo Negatives: Vrooman's Nose1942 June 24

nam_ua902.010-1.3_174

875Photo Slides: Grand Canyon Expedition1949-1950

nam_ua902.010-1.3_175

876Photocopied Images: Schaefer at Work in Research Lab and with Colleagues1922-1954

nam_ua902.010-1.3_176

877Photocopied Images: Snowflake Patterns, Creating Replicas1946, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_177

878Photo micrographic Equipment- Lists and Drawings1943

nam_ua902.010-1.3_178

879Photos: Crystals from Cold ChamberUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_179

880Photos: Crystals, Magnified1944, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_180

91Photos: Crystals, MagnifiedUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_181

92Photos: DiatomsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_182

93Photos: Eclipse of the Moon1942 August 25

nam_ua902.010-1.3_183

94-5Photos: Electron MicroscopyUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_184

96Photos: Frost Crystals and Frost ReplicasUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_185

97Photos: General Experiments1944 February 12, 1944 February 17, 1950 July, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_186

98Photos: High-Magnified Snow and UnidentifiedUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_187

99Photos: Light Transmission through Focused MulticellUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_188

910Photos: Meteor Grains1953 April

nam_ua902.010-1.3_189

911Photos: Microscopic Surfaces, ex. Maidenhair Fern Fond and Goldthread Leaf ReplicaUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_190

912Photos: Oil Firms on Water- Langmuir Experiments1936

nam_ua902.010-1.3_191

913Photos: Oxidized Oil Patterns on MonofilmsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_192

914Photos: Sand, Microscopic ViewUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_193

915Photos: SeptariaUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_194

916Photos: Severe Thunderstorms1944, 1945

nam_ua902.010-1.3_195

917-18Photos: Smoke Generation at Vrooman's Nose1942

nam_ua902.010-1.3_196

919Photos: Smoke Generation at Vrooman's Nose1942-1943

nam_ua902.010-1.3_197

920Photos: Smoke Screen Test: Vrooman's Nose, Prints1942 June 24, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_198

921Photos: Van De Graff GeneratorUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_199

922Photos: Volcanic Ash Under Microscope1947 January 24

nam_ua902.010-1.3_200

923Photos: and Negatives: Droplets1946, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_201

924Photos, Negatives and Slides: Pentaeythritol Seeded CrystalsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_202

925Projection Print Scales- KodakUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_203

926Point Discharge Recorder Charts1944

nam_ua902.010-1.3_204

927Potential Gradient Measurements, Analysis of1945

nam_ua902.010-1.3_205

928Precipitation Deposits1947

nam_ua902.010-1.3_206

929Precipitation Research1941-1947

nam_ua902.010-1.3_207

930Precipitation Research1953-1956

nam_ua902.010-1.3_208

931Precipitation Static1943 February-1943 October

nam_ua902.010-1.3_209

932Precipitation Static1943 November 10-1944 January 21

nam_ua902.010-1.3_210

933Precipitation Static1944 January-1944 September

nam_ua902.010-1.3_211

934Precipitation Static1944 September 20-1947 November 04

nam_ua902.010-1.3_212

935Precipitation Static: Photos, Aircraft InvestigationUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_213

936Precipitation Static- Snowstorm Studies , Cloud Particles1943-1944

nam_ua902.010-1.3_214

937Pressure Data: F-A Curves, F-A Apparatus1940

nam_ua902.010-1.3_215

938Project Cloud Trail Sample Data CardUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_216

939Project SOIAS1951

nam_ua902.010-1.3_217

940Project Summit1948-1949

nam_ua902.010-1.3_218

941Pseudo- Adiabatic Diagrams1941-1942

nam_ua902.010-1.3_219

942Psychometric Charts (Air Conditioning Processes)1945, 1947

nam_ua902.010-1.3_220

943"Records on Lubrication" Notebook, Part I1933 December 1-1984 March

nam_ua902.010-1.3_221

944"Records on Lubrication" Notebook, Part II1934 May-1934 September

nam_ua902.010-1.3_222

945Reflection Transmission Data1939-1940

nam_ua902.010-1.3_223

946Relation of Certain Oils to Certain Metals1934

nam_ua902.010-1.3_224

947Research Lab Weather Forecasts1947 May, 1948 November-1949 May

nam_ua902.010-1.3_225

948Research Lab Weather Forecasts1949 June-1949 September

nam_ua902.010-1.3_226

949Research Lab Weather Forecasts1949 September-1949 November

nam_ua902.010-1.3_227

950Research Lab Weather Forecasts1949 November-1950 February

nam_ua902.010-1.3_228

951Research Lab Weather Forecasts1950 March-1950 May

nam_ua902.010-1.3_229

952Research Lab Weather Forecasts1950 June-1950 August

nam_ua902.010-1.3_230

101Research Lab Weather Forecasts1950 September-1951 March

nam_ua902.010-1.3_231

102Research Lab Weather Forecasts1951 April-1951 September

nam_ua902.010-1.3_232

103Research Lab Weather Forecasts1951 October-1952 March

nam_ua902.010-1.3_233

104Research Lab Weather Forecasts1952 April-1952 August

nam_ua902.010-1.3_234

105Research Lab Weather Forecasts1952 September-1953 February

nam_ua902.010-1.3_235

106Research Lab Weather Forecasts1953 March-1953 August

nam_ua902.010-1.3_236

107Research Laboratory: Assorted Project ReportsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_237

108Research Laboratory: Notebooks- Indices to1930s-1950s

nam_ua902.010-1.3_238

109Research Laboratory: Notebooks- Lab Assistant Task, Notebook for V. Schaefer1933

nam_ua902.010-1.3_239

1010Research Laboratory: Notebooks- Various Topics1934-1935

nam_ua902.010-1.3_240

1011Research Notes: General1939-1952, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_241

1012Research Notes: Graphs (0 degrees-39 degrees Celsius, Levels: Graphs)1949

nam_ua902.010-1.3_242

1013Rime Studies- Results1945

nam_ua902.010-1.3_243

1014Salt and Sea WaterUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_244

1015Sewage Treatment Plant, Schenectady- Weather Conditions1942-1943

nam_ua902.010-1.3_245

1016Skeleton Films1936-1937

nam_ua902.010-1.3_246

1017Sketch of Langmuir Invention by Schaefer1940

nam_ua902.010-1.3_247

1018Sketches, Layouts, and Doodles of Langmuir and WhitneyUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_248

1019Skim Analysis- Stearic Acid Calcium Stearate, Tannic Acid, Calcium "Tannate"1935

nam_ua902.010-1.3_249

1020Skim Crystals Slide data1937

nam_ua902.010-1.3_250

1021Sky, Relative Brightness of from Woestyne1946 February 08

nam_ua902.010-1.3_251

1022Slide Project Report (incomplete)Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_252

1023Small Particle StudyUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_253

1024Smoke Generation1940-1942

nam_ua902.010-1.3_254

1025Smoke Generation1941-1942

nam_ua902.010-1.3_255

1026Smoke Generation1946-1947, 1952

nam_ua902.010-1.3_256

1027Smoke Generation1991-1993

nam_ua902.010-1.3_257

1028Smoke Generation (Smoke Box Data)1942

nam_ua902.010-1.3_258

1029Smoke Generation (Smoke Generator Data)1942

nam_ua902.010-1.3_259

1030-31Smoke Generation (Testing in the Schoharie Valley)1942, 1944, 1971

nam_ua902.010-1.3_260

1032Smoke Particles- CalculationsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_261

1033Smoke Screening- Observations, Formulas1942, 1949, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_262

1034Soap Bubble SolutionUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_263

1035Spherical Powders Made From Various Metals1952

nam_ua902.010-1.3_264

1036Splash Patterns: Acid, Steady Particles, and Water Drops1944-1946

nam_ua902.010-1.3_265

1037Stellar CrystalsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_266

1038Stokes' Law (Incomplete)Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_267

1039Supercooled Droplets/Crystals- Handwritten NotesUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_268

1040Supersaturation of Water Vapor Report (Universite de Montreal)1951

nam_ua902.010-1.3_269

1041Surface Active OilsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_270

1042Surface Chemistry1940

nam_ua902.010-1.3_271

1043Surface Replicas: Electron Microscopy Articles and Photos1942-1943

nam_ua902.010-1.3_272

1044Surface Replicas: Formvar1934-1935

nam_ua902.010-1.3_273

1045Surface Replicas: Photos1942

nam_ua902.010-1.3_274

1046Surface Replicas: PhotosUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_275

1047-48Surface Replicas: Photos- Metals1938-1945

nam_ua902.010-1.3_276

1049Surface Tension Measurements1936

nam_ua902.010-1.3_277

111Temperature Charts (Knolls)1952 July-1952 October

nam_ua902.010-1.3_278

112Tentative Research ProgramsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_279

113Terrestrial Magnetism1947, 1949

nam_ua902.010-1.3_280

114Thunderstorm Project (Aerophysics Institute)1948

nam_ua902.010-1.3_281

115Time Lapse UnitUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_282

116Transparent Balloons1947

nam_ua902.010-1.3_283

117Ultraviolet Light, Light Scattering, Non-Glare Studies1937-1939

nam_ua902.010-1.3_284

118Upper Winds- Notations on Index CardUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_285

119Variance Analysis1954

nam_ua902.010-1.3_286

1110Virus Detection1941

nam_ua902.010-1.3_287

1111Water Divining1944-1945

nam_ua902.010-1.3_288

1112Weather Bureau1946

nam_ua902.010-1.3_289

1113Weather Data Journal1948, 1951

nam_ua902.010-1.3_290

1114Weather Modification- Synopsis of Questions Answered and Those RemainingUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.3_291

1115Wetting Agents1940, 1949

nam_ua902.010-1.3_292

Oversized 1Wind Speed Chartsca. 1952

nam_ua902.010-1.3_293

1116Wind Tunnels Data on Pilots1944 February-1945 February

nam_ua902.010-1.3_294

1117WV-84A Ultrasensitive Micrometer1953
Arranged by size, then chronological within each set.
Comprising the years 1934 to 1954, Vincent Schaefer’s research notebooks are bound volumes containing handwritten observations, formulas, and drawings from his scientific endeavors. They comprise their own subseries partly due to the fragile nature of the bindings, covers, and paper itself, but also because the nature of the bound books prevents their being divided among the categories of snow and ice research, cloud seeding, general research, etc. Researchers are encouraged to consult these notebooks for information on Schaefer’s World War II projects, cloud seeding, surface chemistry, and more. Please note that Schaefer kept two sets of notebooks from 1940 to 1943—in addition to the larger hardback notebooks, he also kept a set of small softcover books that dealt with very specific topics such as smoke filters and artificial fog. He also used some of the smaller-size notebooks for scientific observations from his own home.
BoxFolderContentsDate

nam_ua902.010-1.4_1

121Research Laboratory: Notebooks-#24741934 October 19-1936 April 13

nam_ua902.010-1.4_2

122Research Laboratory: Notebooks-#26421936 April 01-1937 May 13

nam_ua902.010-1.4_3

123Research Laboratory: Notebooks-#27501937 May 06-1937 December 01

nam_ua902.010-1.4_4

124Research Laboratory: Notebooks-#28361937 December 03-1938 February 08

nam_ua902.010-1.4_5

125Research Laboratory: Notebooks-#28911938 May 03-1939 February 20

nam_ua902.010-1.4_6

131Research Laboratory: Notebooks-#29911939 February 24-1940 March 25

nam_ua902.010-1.4_7

132Research Laboratory: Notebooks-#31321940 March 29-1943 September 07

nam_ua902.010-1.4_8

141Research Laboratory: Notebooks-#37711945 February 03-1945 October 08

nam_ua902.010-1.4_9

142Research Laboratory: Notebooks-#38961945 February 05-1950 February 24

nam_ua902.010-1.4_10

143Research Laboratory: Notebooks-#46531948 July 19-1954 February 26

nam_ua902.010-1.4_11

144Research Laboratory: Notebooks-#32111940 September 23-1942 January 10

nam_ua902.010-1.4_12

151Research Laboratory: Notebooks-#33981941 December 03-1942 February 09

nam_ua902.010-1.4_13

152Research Laboratory: Notebooks-#36721943 March 22-1943 September 17

nam_ua902.010-1.4_14

153Research Laboratory: Notebooks-#46511948 June 25-1950 February 10

nam_ua902.010-1.4_15

161Research Laboratory: Notebooks-#46521948 July 14-1950 July 08
Arranged alphabetically
Schaefer’s correspondence files are arranged alphabetically by subject. They include letters sent and received by Schaefer as well as some to and from Irving Langmuir. Schaefer also retained letters that were to and from others at General Electric but carbon copied to him. While most of Schaefer’s letters came to the archives grouped in large, general batches, some were retained separate from the larger groups. The archivist kept that arrangement, which is why certain letters are foldered individually or in very small groups while the majority of this subseries is simply categorized as “general”.Due to time constraints, correspondence that might relate to Project Cirrus was not culled from this series to be placed in Series #2, so researchers might wish to peruse this subseries for Cirrus letters, especially those two and from various branches of the military.
BoxFolderContentsDate

nam_ua902.010-1.5_1

171Aerological Instruments- Recommendations (I. Langmuir)1944 November 01

nam_ua902.010-1.5_2

172"Altimeter Effects Resulting from Orthographic Lifting"- Report w/Letter1947 October 21

nam_ua902.010-1.5_3

173Amateur Weathermen of America1947 October-1947 December

nam_ua902.010-1.5_4

174American Geophysical Union- Schaefer's membership1946 May 09, 1946 May 13

nam_ua902.010-1.5_5

175The American Magazine- Rejection Slip1946 October 24

nam_ua902.010-1.5_6

176American Meteorological Society, Letters and Memos1948-1949

nam_ua902.010-1.5_7

177Angus, John- Distillation Products1949 March-1949 April

nam_ua902.010-1.5_8

178Beere, Norman (Editor ofNucleonics)- Visit to General Electric1949 October 31

nam_ua902.010-1.5_9

179Blodgett, K.- Letters from Various Sources: Non-Reflective Coating Technology1948 January-1948 April

nam_ua902.010-1.5_10

1710Blodgett, K.- Letters from Various Sources: Semi-Conducting Glazes1948 February-1948 March

nam_ua902.010-1.5_11

1711Blodgett, K. and Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Co.1948 May

nam_ua902.010-1.5_12

1712Blue Hill Meteorological Observatory1944 March 17, 1947 January

nam_ua902.010-1.5_13

1713Bowden, Dr. Phillip, Cambridge and I. Langmuir1948 April 30

nam_ua902.010-1.5_14

1714Byers, Horace R., Dept. of Meteorology at University of Chicago- to V. Schaefer regarding "Cloud Electricity"1950 February 22

nam_ua902.010-1.5_15

1715Card from "Marcy C." Upon Schaefer's Departure from G.E.ca. February 19 1945

nam_ua902.010-1.5_16

1716Cathode Ray Tube with Increased Writing Speed1942 March 10, 1942 November 12

nam_ua902.010-1.5_17

1717Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge1947 January-1947 February

nam_ua902.010-1.5_18

1718Church, James E.- University of Nevada1947 January-1947 February

nam_ua902.010-1.5_19

1719Clouds: Data Collection Devices (incomplete letter by C.G. suits)1945 November 20

nam_ua902.010-1.5_20

1720Cloud Seeding by Others: Alaska1951 June 05, 1951 June 07

nam_ua902.010-1.5_21

1721Cloud Seeding by Others: Barnes, C.S.1946 December 27, 1947 January 03

nam_ua902.010-1.5_22

1722Cloud Seeding by Others: Belgian Congo1949 December 19

nam_ua902.010-1.5_23

1723Cloud Seeding by others: Israel1949 June 07

nam_ua902.010-1.5_24

1724Cloud Seeding by others: North Dakota and Wyoming1951 August 05, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.5_25

1725Cloud Seeding- Pre Project Cirrus1946-1947

nam_ua902.010-1.5_26

1726The Collected Works of Irving Langmuir- Memos and Correspondence1958-1961, 1966

nam_ua902.010-1.5_27

1727Collodian Replicas, Woods Hole1942 September 01

nam_ua902.010-1.5_28

1728Communication among V. Schaefer, I Langmuir, K. Blodgett and A. Rothen1946 December-1947 September

nam_ua902.010-1.5_29

1729Conducting Films, DraftUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.5_30

1730Cornish, Paul Floyd- Letter with Poem1951, 1952 June 17

nam_ua902.010-1.5_31

1731Curry, John J. Major General USAF (retired)1954 February 10

nam_ua902.010-1.5_32

1732Davidson, A.E. and C.S. Wright- Frazil Ice1948-1949

nam_ua902.010-1.5_33

1733Deer Fly- Speed of Flight, Rochester Museum of Arts and Science1939 March 28

nam_ua902.010-1.5_34

1734Department of Defense: "Ice Crystal Nuclei"- Security Clearance for Publication of Schaefer Articles1951 June 30

nam_ua902.010-1.5_35

1735Eddy, C.O. (Niagara Sprayer and Chemical Co.) to Dr. Lyall Hagmann- Particle sizes1945 June 30

nam_ua902.010-1.5_36

1736Electron Microscope- Imperial Paper and Color Corp. and State of New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station1945 January 06, 1942 December 14

nam_ua902.010-1.5_37

1737Encyclopedia Arctica- V. Stephansson1950 September 26, 1950 December 07, 1951 January 30

nam_ua902.010-1.5_38

1738Falconer, R. Letter re: Cloud Meter1945 June 13

nam_ua902.010-1.5_39

1739Falconer, R. to Fred Milan, Weather Bureau Airport Station1947 July 07

nam_ua902.010-1.5_40

1740Falconer, R.- Recommendations for Atmospheric Science Equipment at Knolls Atomic Power Lab1948 December 22

nam_ua902.010-1.5_41

1741Fernandez Company, Albuquerque, NM- Cloud Seeding18508

nam_ua902.010-1.5_42

1742Fischer, Nathan B. (Louis Fischer Inc.) and K. Blodgett1949 September 18, 1949 September 29

nam_ua902.010-1.5_43

1743Foreign Government Requests1954 August-1954 November

nam_ua902.010-1.5_44

1744G and W Filters, Testing of (Schaefer letter to Langmuir)Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.5_45

1745General Correspondence1939-1945

nam_ua902.010-1.5_46

1746General Correspondence1946 January-1946 February, 1946 December

nam_ua902.010-1.5_47

1747General Correspondence1946 January 03, 1946 July-1946 November

nam_ua902.010-1.5_48

1748General Correspondence1947 January

nam_ua902.010-1.5_49

1749General Correspondence1947 February-1947 March

nam_ua902.010-1.5_50

1750General Correspondence1947 April-1947 May

nam_ua902.010-1.5_51

1751General Correspondence1946 June-1947 July

nam_ua902.010-1.5_52

1752General Correspondence1947 August-1947 September

nam_ua902.010-1.5_53

1753General Correspondence1947 September

nam_ua902.010-1.5_54

1754-55General Correspondence1947 October

nam_ua902.010-1.5_55

1756General Correspondence1947 November

nam_ua902.010-1.5_56

1757General Correspondence1947 December

nam_ua902.010-1.5_57

1758General Correspondence1948 January

nam_ua902.010-1.5_58

1759General Correspondence1948 February

nam_ua902.010-1.5_59

1760General Correspondence1948 March

nam_ua902.010-1.5_60

1761General Correspondence1948 April-1948 June

nam_ua902.010-1.5_61

1762General Correspondence1948 July-1948 August

nam_ua902.010-1.5_62

1763General Correspondence1948 November-1948 December

nam_ua902.010-1.5_63

1764General Correspondence1949-1950

nam_ua902.010-1.5_64

1765General Correspondence1952-1954

nam_ua902.010-1.5_65

1766General Correspondence1928 January 20

nam_ua902.010-1.5_66

1767Gisborne, H.T. to Dr. Ross Gun- Lightning- Induced Fires1948 March 25

nam_ua902.010-1.5_67

1768Gisborne, H.T. to V. Schaefer, pre- and post-Schaefer Visit to Priest River Area- Lightning Fires1948 April-1948 August

nam_ua902.010-1.5_68

1769G.M. Giannini and Co., Inc. to R. Falconer1948 August 26

nam_ua902.010-1.5_69

1770Handwritten letter to Schaefer from "Vic" (Clark?) Regarding Droplet data and Voltages Applied with Point Collector Graphs includedUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.5_70

1771Hansen, Jr., C.A.- General Electric, Hanford Engineering Works1947 May-1947 June

nam_ua902.010-1.5_71

1772Harnischfeger Corp.- General Electric Crane Cab Spray1947 August-1947 September

nam_ua902.010-1.5_72

1773Heat Pump dept. at General Electric1953 April 24

nam_ua902.010-1.5_73

1774Home-Made Rain: Publishing Contract for Booklet1953 January 03-1953 May 05

nam_ua902.010-1.5_74

1775Honorary Degree From Notre Dame, V. Schaefer1946-1948

nam_ua902.010-1.5_75

1776Howell, W.E.- Print reproductions, Cloud Seeding locations1951 January 23

nam_ua902.010-1.5_76

1777Howell, W.E. to K.H. Brown at State House, Albany NY1953 April 08

nam_ua902.010-1.5_77

1778Hubert, Ernest1948 August 31-1949 December 05

nam_ua902.010-1.5_78

1779Hurd, Dorothy to Schaefer- Re: Wyoming1946 November-1948 January

nam_ua902.010-1.5_79

181Icing Research: Rime on Mount Washington1945 November 26

nam_ua902.010-1.5_80

182Industrial Museum for General Electric1931 November 27, 1931 December 02

nam_ua902.010-1.5_81

183Jet Stream and Cloud-related Correspondence1951-1953

nam_ua902.010-1.5_82

184Jet Stream and Cloud-related Correspondence with Additional News Clips and Research Notes1954

nam_ua902.010-1.5_83

185Jet Stream, Clouds and Sweden- W.E. Hubert1952 December 02

nam_ua902.010-1.5_84

186Jordan, J.P (Syracuse Works) and K. Blodgett1948 August-1948 September

nam_ua902.010-1.5_85

187Journal of Colloid Science and K. Blodgett1946 September-1947 September

nam_ua902.010-1.5_86

188Langmuir, I. and Dorothy Wrinch (Smith College)1947 October-1947 November

nam_ua902.010-1.5_87

189Langmuir, I. and the Government of the Province of Alberta Dept. of Agriculture- Field Crops Branch1945 February, 1945 October, 1947 February

nam_ua902.010-1.5_88

1810Langmuir, I. and J.L. Kavanau1947 February 27, 1947 March 03

nam_ua902.010-1.5_89

1811Langmuir, I. Letters- General1950, 1951

nam_ua902.010-1.5_90

1812Langmuir, I.- Protein Monolayers1939 August 11

nam_ua902.010-1.5_91

1813Langmuir, I to Margaret Bakuzonis from Socorro, New Mexico1953 April 22

nam_ua902.010-1.5_92

1814Langmuir, I. to Schaefer from Arizona1953 May 01

nam_ua902.010-1.5_93

1815Letters about Schaefer1941, 1947

nam_ua902.010-1.5_94

1816Linear Expansion of Rails, Milton Jay Kimmel1952 April 25

nam_ua902.010-1.5_95

1817Liquid Lens Press Release with Photograph1953 February 24

nam_ua902.010-1.5_96

1818"Ludox" Colloidal Silica, DuPont1949 June 01

nam_ua902.010-1.5_97

1819McKibben, Dr. J.L. (Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory) and K. Blodgett- Electrostatic Accelerators1948 February, 1948 March, 1948 July

nam_ua902.010-1.5_98

1820Meteorite Specimens, Smithsonian Institution1943 September 18

nam_ua902.010-1.5_99

1821Milliken and Farwell, Inc. to Schaefer and Langmuir1947 June-1947 August

nam_ua902.010-1.5_100

1822Morgan McDermott Post No.7, Tucson, AZ1947 April-1948 April

nam_ua902.010-1.5_101

1823Mott, Harvey (Phoenix Republic) and Amos Hoff (Phoenix Junior College) to and from V. Schaefer and I. Langmuir1947 July-1948 January

nam_ua902.010-1.5_102

1824Multicell Systems- from G.E. Apparatus Dept.1951 November 02

nam_ua902.010-1.5_103

1825Nakaya, U- Travel to Oslo and Need for Movie Film (Includes Photo of Anaya Family)1948 June, 1949 September, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.5_104

1826National Military Establishment- Research and Development Board1948 July-1948 August, 1949 April

nam_ua902.010-1.5_105

1827Natural History- Proposed Photo Series (Includes Images with Schaefer's Captions1943 May 25

nam_ua902.010-1.5_106

1828Naval Research Lab to I. Langmuir- Personnel Evaluation1948 May 07

nam_ua902.010-1.5_107

1829Navy Department Office of Naval Research1952 July 03

nam_ua902.010-1.5_108

1830North American Weather Consultants, Santa Barbara Municipal Airport1952 June 27

nam_ua902.010-1.5_109

1831Office of Secretary of Defense1954 February 05

nam_ua902.010-1.5_110

1832Paschkis, Victor to General Electric, with reply1947 February

nam_ua902.010-1.5_111

1833Philo, Alice Warner to Schaefer1947 February 02

nam_ua902.010-1.5_112

1834Postcard from Paris1952 August 03

nam_ua902.010-1.5_113

1835Proposal for Support by the Office of Naval Research- Post Project Cirrus (with follow-up letter)1952 April 21, 1952 May 05

nam_ua902.010-1.5_114

1836Revised Proposal to Office of Naval Research for Past Project Cirrus Work1952 May 27

nam_ua902.010-1.5_115

1837Rice, Maurice to Dr. Irving Langmuir- Description of Weather Event, with Pictures1950 February 09

nam_ua902.010-1.5_116

1838Roan, Kathleen to V. Schaefer1948 May 23, 1948 June 04, 1948 June 10

nam_ua902.010-1.5_117

1839Robbins Motion Picture Service1949 March 25, 1949 April 20

nam_ua902.010-1.5_118

1840Shade, David/Apex Tool Company to K. Blodgett, with reply1947 July-1947 August

nam_ua902.010-1.5_119

1841Split Rock Lodge- Snow for Ski Facilities1946 December-1948 January

nam_ua902.010-1.5_120

1842State University of New York to I. Langmuir- Langmuir's Resignation from Board of Trustees1949 September 12

nam_ua902.010-1.5_121

1843Stetson, Harlan T.- Letter re: Mean Hourly Discharge1944 May 02

nam_ua902.010-1.5_122

1844Surface Replicas: Biological Applications1942 October 10

nam_ua902.010-1.5_123

1845Surface Replicas: Botanical ApplicationsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.5_124

1846Teale, Edwin Way- Letter to Schaefer (Snowflakes)1945 August 12

nam_ua902.010-1.5_125

1847Union of South Africa- Scientific Liaison Office1947 March-1948 January

nam_ua902.010-1.5_126

1848Vancouver Forest Service1947 November-1948 July

nam_ua902.010-1.5_127

1849Ventilation Studies1947 January 21

nam_ua902.010-1.5_128

1850Vonnegut, B. to I. Langmuir- Rain Gauge Cloth (Cloth Included)1944 August 01

nam_ua902.010-1.5_129

1851Walton, Sande, High School Student, to I. Langmuir, with reply1974 September 22, 1947 October 14

nam_ua902.010-1.5_130

1852Waugh, Dr. David to I. Langmuir and K. Blodgett1947 February-1947 April

nam_ua902.010-1.5_131

1853Waugh, Dr. David (MIT) from I. Langmuir1948 April 30

nam_ua902.010-1.5_132

1854Weather Control: Article for Grolier1951 June-1951 July

nam_ua902.010-1.5_133

1855Wrinch, Dr. Dorothy- Oxford UniversityUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.5_134

1856Yagoda, H. Article and Letter to Schaefer: "Analytical Patterns in the Study of Mineral and Biological Materials"1943 February, 1944 April 29

nam_ua902.010-1.5_135

1857Younger, Dorothy- Rhyming Letter1946 November 28
Arranged alphabetically
The Schaefer subject files are a collection of brochures, notes, and other ephemera that have enduring value but do not belong in other categories such as cloud seeding or snow and ice research. These files include research notes from sources other than General Electric; scientists and entrepreneurs frequently exchanged results of their work with one another, but to avoid confusion, the work of Schaefer and other G.E. scientists can be found in the next subseries while informal research notes and observations by others are located here.
BoxFolderContentsDate

nam_ua902.010-1.6_1

191Address BookUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_2

192Aerial Photos, Assorted1942

nam_ua902.010-1.6_3

193Aeronautical Chart for Hudson1947

nam_ua902.010-1.6_4

194Air Material Command, Dayton Ohio- Temperature Distribution notes and photosca. 1946

nam_ua902.010-1.6_5

195Advancing and Receding Contact- Angles1949-1950

nam_ua902.010-1.6_6

196Albany Airport Instrument Approach Chart1951 October 04

nam_ua902.010-1.6_7

197Amateur Weathering of America1947

nam_ua902.010-1.6_8

198American Chemical Society, Eastern New York Section, Directory and By-Laws1949

nam_ua902.010-1.6_9

199American Chemical Society- Schaefer's Enrollment for 19381937

nam_ua902.010-1.6_10

1910American Geophysical Union- Relationship with General Electric1945-1946, 1948, 1952

nam_ua902.010-1.6_11

1911American Men of Science Questionnaireca. 1948

nam_ua902.010-1.6_12

1912American Meteorological Society Committee on Professional Ethics and Standards-Report to the Council1951 May 03

nam_ua902.010-1.6_13

1913American Meteorological Society, Meetings and Code of Ethics1949-1951

nam_ua902.010-1.6_14

1914American Meteorological Society, Meeting Programs1946-1954, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_15

1915American Polar Society- Membership InvitationUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_16

Oversized 42American Society for Testing Materials- Poster Advertising V.J. Schaefer and P.E. Kraght Speaking Engagement1948 April 13

nam_ua902.010-1.6_17

1916Apprenticeship Records1923-1924

nam_ua902.010-1.6_18

1917Atmospheric Data from Rocket-Flights- News article and letter1948, 1949 January 13

nam_ua902.010-1.6_19

1918Atmospheric Motion and Particle Movement1953

nam_ua902.010-1.6_20

1919Biography- Bensin, Basil M.1948

nam_ua902.010-1.6_21

1920Binaural Effect Studies1942

nam_ua902.010-1.6_22

1921Biography of Schaefer, Capital Cogs1950 September 06

nam_ua902.010-1.6_23

1922Biography of Schaefer, ManuscriptUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_24

1923Bishops Cap (Mitella sp.) photo negativeUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_25

1924News Clipping, Award Recipient (photocopy)- Blodgett, Katherine1972 November 09

nam_ua902.010-1.6_26

1925Boeing Aircraft Photos1960, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_27

1926Brazilian Traction, Light and Power 36th Annual Report1948

nam_ua902.010-1.6_28

1927British Glaciological Society1947-1951

nam_ua902.010-1.6_29

1928Calgon- Formulas, Properties, Graphs1937, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_30

1929Calrod Experiment Summary with LetterUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_31

1930Candid Camera- Picture of I. Langmuir1944 December 29

nam_ua902.010-1.6_32

1931Cartoons and Comics1947-1950

nam_ua902.010-1.6_33

1932Centennial Publication: "G.E. 100-Toward the Second Century"1978

nam_ua902.010-1.6_34

1933Character Reference for Schaefer1947 September 16

nam_ua902.010-1.6_35

1934"Class Assignment" Notebook1934-1935

nam_ua902.010-1.6_36

1935Climatic Trends in the Northeastern U.S. Symposium1952

nam_ua902.010-1.6_37

1936"Cloud Forms of the Jet Stream" articles with related photos & news clippings1953

nam_ua902.010-1.6_38

1937Cold Chamber: Bowser, Inc. Refrigeration Division Brochure- Temperature Altitude and Humidity Simulation UnitsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_39

1938Cold Chamber: Demonstration at Rensselaer Polytechnic InstituteUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_40

1939Colloid Symposium (MIT)- Program of Papers1938 June 09-1968 June 11

nam_ua902.010-1.6_41

1940Committee on Geophysical Science of the joint Research and Development Board- Panel on Meteorology1947 April 23

nam_ua902.010-1.6_42

1941Compendium of Meteorology tentative table of contents with partial letter1949

nam_ua902.010-1.6_43

1942Costs for Making Copies of Reports1944-1945

nam_ua902.010-1.6_44

1943Crystallization of Metals, Rocks and Ice-Symposium1951 October

nam_ua902.010-1.6_45

1944Current Science, Vol. XXVIII #4, featuring I. Langmuir, V. Schaefer, K. Blodgett, C.G. Suits1942 October 05-1942 October 09

nam_ua902.010-1.6_46

1945Distribution of Contract recommendation (with note to Schaefer from "Vic"Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_47

1946Dutch (?) Meteorological MapUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_48

1947Eastern Snow Conference Materials1950 February 16-1950 February 17, 1951 February 15-1951 February 17, 1952 February 14-1952 February 15

nam_ua902.010-1.6_49

1948Edison General Electric Company: Instructions to ForemenFragile Item1891

nam_ua902.010-1.6_50

1949Einladung zur Sitzung der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft- Zurich1953 December

nam_ua902.010-1.6_51

1950Electron Microscopy: Description with Letter1942 June 02, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_52

1951Electron Microscopy: Newspaper Clippings1941 November 06, 1941 November 21

nam_ua902.010-1.6_53

1952Electron Microscopy: Symposium1942 November 27

nam_ua902.010-1.6_54

1953Electronic Stratometer vs. Radio Sonde- Nomenclature Change from Minutes of University of Chicago Dept. of Meteorology1945

nam_ua902.010-1.6_55

1954Employee Rating Sheets instructions1949 July

nam_ua902.010-1.6_56

1955"Essais de Modification des Nuages dans les Pyrenees"1951 June 06

nam_ua902.010-1.6_57

1956Fasciation (collected articles on)1948, 1971, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_58

1957Fire Danger Meter and Burning Index Meter1942 April

nam_ua902.010-1.6_59

1958Fires in Ontario- Map and Data1948 June

nam_ua902.010-1.6_60

1959"A Five- Year Record of Lightning Storms and Forest Fires", H.T. Gisborne1931 April

nam_ua902.010-1.6_61

1960Flashtubes- General Electric and Strobo Research1947-1948, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_62

1961Copy of 1752 letter on Electricity- Franklin, Benjamin1920

nam_ua902.010-1.6_63

1962General Engineering Lab Research Publications1955-1959

nam_ua902.010-1.6_64

1963Geodimeter description1951

nam_ua902.010-1.6_65

1964Groundwater Elevation in the Hudson- Mohawk Drainage Basin1931-1950

nam_ua902.010-1.6_66

1965Hailstones1949-1950, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_67

1966High Altitude Observatory: Contributions and Supplemental Information1953 March

nam_ua902.010-1.6_68

1967High Voltage Radiography Symposium1952 March 04-1952 March 05

nam_ua902.010-1.6_69

1968Identification badge- Schaefer, General ElectricUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_70

1969Incense (Blue Smoke) graphUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_71

1970Institute of Navigation Meeting Program1947 February 13-1947 February 14

nam_ua902.010-1.6_72

1971Instructions for Operating the Kodaslide Projector, Model 2Aca. 1947

nam_ua902.010-1.6_73

1972Instructions: Portable and Switchboard Recording Instruments (Types CF-1, 2, 4, and 5)ca. 1950

nam_ua902.010-1.6_74

1973Instrumentation for Industrial Hygiene Symposium1954 May 24-1954 May 27

nam_ua902.010-1.6_75

1974Iodine Abstracts and Reviews, Vol. I #3-6 and Vol. II #11950 January-1950 October, 1951 January-1951 April

nam_ua902.010-1.6_76

1975Isotopes-Supplement #11949 September

nam_ua902.010-1.6_77

1976Japanese ArticleUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_78

1977Jet Stream- Radio press releases1953 January 26

nam_ua902.010-1.6_79

1978Laboratory Conference No.8- research presentations, artists rendering at the knolls, plans for research lab1945 October 11-1945 October 12

nam_ua902.010-1.6_80

1979Laboratory Study and Development ProgramUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_81

1980Landform Map of the Northwestern States, Copyright 1941Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_82

1981Landform Map of the United States1939

nam_ua902.010-1.6_83

1982Langmuir, Irving: Biography by A.C. Langmuir1932 December

nam_ua902.010-1.6_84

1983Langmuir, Irving: Biography by K.B. Blodgett1933 July

nam_ua902.010-1.6_85

1984Langmuir, Irving: Biography by W.R. Whitney1941 February

nam_ua902.010-1.6_86

1985Langmuir, Irving: Biography Reprinted fromScientific American1937 September

nam_ua902.010-1.6_87

1986Langmuir, Irving: "Book U" Supplements1952-1953

nam_ua902.010-1.6_88

1987Langmuir, Irving: The Collected Works of Irving Langmuir-Introduction to Volume VII by Schaefer1960

nam_ua902.010-1.6_89

1988Langmuir, Irving: The Collected Works of Irving Langmuir-Introduction to Volume 10 by SchaeferUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_90

1989Langmuir, Irving: Columbia University Engineering Center News1951 December

nam_ua902.010-1.6_91

1990Langmuir, Irving: Memorial Speech by Nephews, Union College1957 August 21

nam_ua902.010-1.6_92

1991Langmuir, Irving: Memorials by Schaefer1957-1958

nam_ua902.010-1.6_93

1992Langmuir, Irving: Perkin Medal Award1928

nam_ua902.010-1.6_94

1993Langmuir, Irving: Photo album indexca. 1950

nam_ua902.010-1.6_95

1994Langmuir, Irving: Portrait PhotosUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_96

Oversized 43Langmuir, Irving: Portrait PhotoUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_97

1995Langmuir, Irving: Priestley Medal Award1929 October

nam_ua902.010-1.6_98

1996Langmuir, Irving: Publications listUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_99

1997Langmuir, Irving: "A Tribute to Irving Langmuir, 1881-1957"1957 August 19

nam_ua902.010-1.6_100

1998Le Recueil1947 March

nam_ua902.010-1.6_101

1999"Lichtstreuung an Aerosolteilchen"1952 April

nam_ua902.010-1.6_102

19100Map: United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service1948

nam_ua902.010-1.6_103

19101Memo: H.T. Gisborne- Use of B-29 Jets in Lightning Fire Prevention1949 June 29

nam_ua902.010-1.6_104

19102Meteorological office equipment requirements1952 March 06

nam_ua902.010-1.6_105

19103Mohawk Association of Scientists and Engineers Newsletter1952 August 27

nam_ua902.010-1.6_106

19104Mohawk Association of Scientists and Engineers Newsletter (MASE)1953 June 17

nam_ua902.010-1.6_107

19105Multicell structure- official patent with original letter regarding application of invention1950 November 03, 1956 January 24

nam_ua902.010-1.6_108

19106Museum Service-Bulletin of Rochester Museum of Arts & Sciences1939 March, 1939 April

nam_ua902.010-1.6_109

19107National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics- Research abstracts1951 June 15

nam_ua902.010-1.6_110

19108Newspaper clippings1939-1950, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_111

19109New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology Catalog1951-1952

nam_ua902.010-1.6_112

19110New York Academy of Sciences Meetings1949- 1950

nam_ua902.010-1.6_113

19111North American Weather Consultants1951-1952

nam_ua902.010-1.6_114

19112Northern Rocky Mountain Forest & Range Experiment Station- List of Publications Available for Distribution of Loan1958 June

nam_ua902.010-1.6_115

19113Notebook with E.E. Hubert Business card1948

nam_ua902.010-1.6_116

19114Nucleation Symposium- Industrial & Engineering Division, American Chemical SocietyUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_117

19115Outdoor Hobbies of Schaefer's (GE news release)ca. 1942

nam_ua902.010-1.6_118

19116Ozone Pollution- American Optical Company1953, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_119

19117Panel Discussion- "The Public Looks at the College"Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_120

19118Papers and speakers- Presentations through the year1951

nam_ua902.010-1.6_121

19119Patents1934-1952

nam_ua902.010-1.6_122

19120"Petrographic Analysis of Novacite", author unidentifiedUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_123

19121Photo Caption cards (?)Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_124

19122Photo: Einstein, Albert with unidentified groupUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_125

19123Photo: "Man Makes Snow!" exhibitUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_126

19124Photo: Model "A" Microscope IlluminatorUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_127

19125Photo: Pennsylvania electric Association Hydraulic Power Committee, with list of names1952 April

nam_ua902.010-1.6_128

19126Photo: Portrait of Schaeferca. 1945

nam_ua902.010-1.6_129

19127Photo: Research laboratory(?)Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_130

19128Photo: Schaefer and Langmuir at General Electricca. 1946

nam_ua902.010-1.6_131

19129Photo: Schaefer with unidentified colleaguesUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_132

19130Photo: Schenectady and Glenmont, Aerial View1944 December 29

nam_ua902.010-1.6_133

19131Photo : School Science fair (weather station)Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_134

19132Photo: Schoon, Alexander-"Class of 1931"Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_135

19133Photo: Woman ReadingBoston Globe Story on Schaefer's First Successful Cloud Seedingca. November 1946

nam_ua902.010-1.6_136

19134Photographic Data Kodachrome Professional Set Film-List1943 July

nam_ua902.010-1.6_137

19135Photos: Dr. C. Guy Suits and General Electric Research LaboratoryUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_138

19136Photos: Equipment, Schaefer and Colleagues, Unidentified Experiments1940, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_139

19137Photos: Lab instruments1945 August 11, 1945 September 10

nam_ua902.010-1.6_140

19138Photos: Langmuir, I.1910, 1935, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_141

19139Photos: Mount Cimone and unidentifiedUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_142

19140Photos: New York State Barge Canal, Aerial Views, Likely Schenectady Area1935 October 26, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_143

201Photos: New York State Barge Canal, Aerial Views, Likely Schenectady Area1941 April 23, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_144

202Photos: New York State Barge Canal, Aerial Views, Likely Schenectady AreaUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_145

203Photos: Schaefer Alone, with Colleagues, and with Familyca. 1930-c.1970

nam_ua902.010-1.6_146

204Photos: Schaefer and unidentified men, possibly at Crater Lake1947 June 20

nam_ua902.010-1.6_147

205Photos: Science Forum Panel First Meeting1944

nam_ua902.010-1.6_148

206Photos: Scientific instrumentsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_149

207Photos: Smoke generator assembly (with key to identify parts)1942 March 13

nam_ua902.010-1.6_150

208Photos: Unidentified (includes negatives)1949

nam_ua902.010-1.6_151

209Photos: Unidentified subjectsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_152

2010Physics Today1948 August

nam_ua902.010-1.6_153

2011Porous Vycor Glass shipping memorandum1952 January 31

nam_ua902.010-1.6_154

2012Postcard from MexicoUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_155

2013Press Release: "High School Girl Constructs Snowmaking Device for $4.32"1947 June 27

nam_ua902.010-1.6_156

2014Press Release: "Oil Drops Assume Geometrical Shapes on Protein Films", with photoUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_157

2015Priest River Photos1948 August

nam_ua902.010-1.6_158

2016Program for Appliance and Merchandise Department1951 March 13

nam_ua902.010-1.6_159

2017Programs: American Meteorological Society 102nd National Meting with 30th Annual Meeting of American Geophysical Union1949

nam_ua902.010-1.6_160

2018Project Jupiter- Conference at Schenectady, list of names1952 November 14

nam_ua902.010-1.6_161

2019Publicity Department Photos (includes electron microscope images)1943

nam_ua902.010-1.6_162

2020Radiosonde and Rawinsonde Stations in the U.SUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_163

2021Rain Forest1953 June

nam_ua902.010-1.6_164

2022Raindrop Physics Study Proposal1951

nam_ua902.010-1.6_165

2023Report Recipients Checklist (report unspecified)Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_166

2024Research Laboratory Bulletins1947, 1949, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_167

2025Research Laboratory- Ceremony of Dedication Program1950 October 09

nam_ua902.010-1.6_168

2026Research laboratory: "Current Research Activities"1948 October 01

nam_ua902.010-1.6_169

2027Research Laboratory: History by I. Langmuir and others, manuscriptUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_170

2028Research laboratory: Request for project summary1947 April 01

nam_ua902.010-1.6_171

2029Research Laboratory: Shop Order requests1947

nam_ua902.010-1.6_172

2030Research Laboratory: Time Clock Requirement Memo1938 June 17

nam_ua902.010-1.6_173

2031Research Site MapUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_174

2032Reviews by Schaefer and Others1940, 1980

nam_ua902.010-1.6_175

2033Robert M. Losey Award to Schaefer- Press Release1953 January 20

nam_ua902.010-1.6_176

2034Roche Research Club Program1950-1951

nam_ua902.010-1.6_177

2035Rochester Museum Council- Fellowship to Schaefer1943

nam_ua902.010-1.6_178

2036Royal Meteorological Society- Centenary materials, charter and by-laws handbook1948, 1950

nam_ua902.010-1.6_179

211Royal Meteorological Society- Centenary meeting: correspondence, brochure, & supplemental materials1949-1950

nam_ua902.010-1.6_180

212Salt: The Story of Diamond Crystal SaltUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_181

213Schaefer Statements on Weather Modification with Unidentified "Council Letters"1951 June 08, 1953 February-1953 March, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_182

214Schaefer Statement Prepared for Senator James P. Kem- Kansas-Missouri FloodsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_183

215Schaefer with unidentified colleagues, Ottawa- photo1949 Fall

nam_ua902.010-1.6_184

216Schenectady Plant- Visits1949, 1952

nam_ua902.010-1.6_185

217Schenectady Works Apprentice Alumni Association-Book and Photograph1941

nam_ua902.010-1.6_186

218Science: Vol.89, #23161939 May 19

nam_ua902.010-1.6_187

219Science Service (Scientific News Reports)1946-1948, 1952

nam_ua902.010-1.6_188

2110Scientific Conferences1950-1951, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_189

2111Severe Storms Report- University of Chicago1950 July

nam_ua902.010-1.6_190

2112Shell Aviation News, Issue #180(Schaefer on pp. 4-6)1953 June

nam_ua902.010-1.6_191

2113"Sketches of Dr. Langmuir and Dr. Whitney", With Additional Drawings and Notes by V. Schaefer1934-1935, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_192

2114Smoke Generation- Article inPopular Science1943 July

nam_ua902.010-1.6_193

Oversized 21Snowflake Preservation and Replica PostersUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_194

2115"Snowflake Scientist" Cartoon fromYoung Catholic Messenger1951 November 23

nam_ua902.010-1.6_195

2116"Some Questions Science Does Not Answer", Dr. Harold A. Larrabee- Talk Delivered in G.E.'s "Science Forum" Radio Program1951 April 04

nam_ua902.010-1.6_196

2117Speech: "Planning Unplanned Research", Research laboratory Colloquium, I. Langmuir1951 December 12

nam_ua902.010-1.6_197

2118Speech: "Progress in Control of Meteorological Factors", V.J. Schaefer1952 April

nam_ua902.010-1.6_198

2119Surface Replicas: "Snowflake Hobby Leads to New Way of Studying War Metals"1942 May, 1942 June

nam_ua902.010-1.6_199

2120Symposium on Nucleation- Program and Paper Abstracts1951 December 27-1951 December 28

nam_ua902.010-1.6_200

2121Talks: American Chemical Society (Wooster College section)1949

nam_ua902.010-1.6_201

2122Talks: Eastern Colleges Science Conference1953

nam_ua902.010-1.6_202

2123Talks: "Farm Forum" (WGY) "Doing Something About the Weather"1947

nam_ua902.010-1.6_203

2124Talks: The Franklin Institute1947

nam_ua902.010-1.6_204

2125Talks: Friends of the Land1951 June 21

nam_ua902.010-1.6_205

2126Talks: Hanford Engineer Works (Hanford, WA)1947 April 19

nam_ua902.010-1.6_206

2127Talks: Institute of Navigation1947 February 13-1947 February 14

nam_ua902.010-1.6_207

2128Talks: The Johns Hopkins Research ConferenceUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_208

2129Talks: Kiwanis Club of Gloversville1948

nam_ua902.010-1.6_209

2130Talks: Kiwanis Club of Rotterdam1951

nam_ua902.010-1.6_210

2131Talks: Lake Pleasant Central School (Speculator, NY)1948

nam_ua902.010-1.6_211

2132Talks: New Mexico Wool Growers Association1952

nam_ua902.010-1.6_212

2133Talks: New York Railroad Club1949

nam_ua902.010-1.6_213

2134Talks: New York University1953

nam_ua902.010-1.6_214

2135Talks: Pittsfield, MA Chamber of CommerceUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_215

2136Talks: The Rensselaer Physical Society1948 April 27

nam_ua902.010-1.6_216

2137Talks: Rotary Club of Schenectady1947 January 01-1947 January 16

nam_ua902.010-1.6_217

2138Talks: "Science Forum" (WGY)1947 April 09

nam_ua902.010-1.6_218

2139Talks: Education Board Conference (Program)1947

nam_ua902.010-1.6_219

2140Talks: Sigma Xi1948 March 27

nam_ua902.010-1.6_220

2141Talks: Sigma Xi- Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn Chapter1948 May 20

nam_ua902.010-1.6_221

2142Talks: Union College Physics Society1951 November 07

nam_ua902.010-1.6_222

2143Talks: University of Delaware1947

nam_ua902.010-1.6_223

2144Talks: Western Forestry and Conservation Association1952 December 11

nam_ua902.010-1.6_224

2145Technical Development Committee- Symposium on Polar Navigation1946 December 16-1946 December 20

nam_ua902.010-1.6_225

2146Text Proposed for Guest Column of Mr. Robert S. Allen, Post-Hall Newspaper Syndicate (By V.J. Schaefer)1953 August 07

nam_ua902.010-1.6_226

221Thunderstorm Electricity Conference- Advance Materials1950 March

nam_ua902.010-1.6_227

222Topical Organization of First National Conference on the Electron Microscope1942 November 27

nam_ua902.010-1.6_228

223Tribute to Schaefer-Research Laboratory Memo1948 May

nam_ua902.010-1.6_229

224Trurnit, Hans J. (M.D.)- BibliographyUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_230

225U.S. Department of Agriculture Circular #591: Influence of Altitude and Aspect on Daily Variations in Factors of Forest-Fire Danger1941 February

nam_ua902.010-1.6_231

226U.S. Military MapUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_232

227"Unforeseeable Results of Research," I. Langmuir- Radio Broadcast1945 January 21

nam_ua902.010-1.6_233

228Union Geodesique et Geophysique Internationale Association de Meteorologie1951

nam_ua902.010-1.6_234

229United Nations Scientific Conference on the Conservation and Utilization of Resources1949 April 22

nam_ua902.010-1.6_235

2210Vocational Training Record Card for V. Schaefer (National Defense)1941 December 22

nam_ua902.010-1.6_236

2211"We the People" Radio Script Featuring V.J. Schaefer1947 January 19

nam_ua902.010-1.6_237

2212"Weather as a Natural Resource"- Proposed Script for Radio Talk1949

nam_ua902.010-1.6_238

2213Weather! Bulletin of the National Weather Improvement Association1951 August 30, 1951 September 07

nam_ua902.010-1.6_239

2214Weather Zone Map- United StatesUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_240

2215Western Snow Conference1947

nam_ua902.010-1.6_241

2216Western Snow Conference1948 January 16

nam_ua902.010-1.6_242

2217Whitney, Willis R.- Whitney Day, News Clippings, Brochures, Correspondence1933-1957, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_243

2218"Why You Fly Thunderstorms the Way You Do," P.J. Harvey1952 February

nam_ua902.010-1.6_244

2219Winter Magic- Tentative Plan for BookUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.6_245

2220Worcester Tornado- Correspondence and Reports1954

nam_ua902.010-1.6_246

2221 Young People's Weekly 1942 May 17
Arranged chronologically
These are reports and articles written by Vincent Schaefer that did not directly cover work done through Project Cirrus. Many are from his early days at General Electric when he was still a research assistant, covering topics such as surface chemistry. Any articles co-written by Schaefer and his colleagues are included in this subseries. Some articles and reports do discuss early cloud seeding issues but do not appear to be directly related to Project Cirrus. When in doubt, the archivist looked for credits or acknowledgements to the U.S. military to help determine how a certain article or report should be categorized. Please note that many of the articles are reprints, which are reflected in the folder dates. Some folders also include manuscripts of the published articles or reports, which is indicated in the folder title.
BoxFolderContentsDate

nam_ua902.010-1.7_1

231"Composition of Fatty Acid on Water Containing Calcium or Barium Salts"- I. Langmuir and V.J. Schaefer1936 February

nam_ua902.010-1.7_2

232"Some Observations on the Mechanism of Lubrication" (Manuscript)1936 March 06

nam_ua902.010-1.7_3

233"Optical Measurements of the Thickness of Film Absorbed from a Solution"-Irving Langmuir and V.J. Schaefer1937 July

nam_ua902.010-1.7_4

234"Multilayers of Sterols and the Adsorption of Digitonin by Deposited Monolayers"- Langmuir-VJS and Harry Sobotha1937 September

nam_ua902.010-1.7_5

235"The Effect of Dissolved Salts on Insoluble Monolayers"-Irving Langmuir and VJS1937 November

nam_ua902.010-1.7_6

236"Biological Activity of Enzyme Monolayers" (Manuscript)1938 February 28

nam_ua902.010-1.7_7

237"Activities of Urease and Pepsin Monolayers"-Irving Langmuir and VJS1938 June

nam_ua902.010-1.7_8

238"Expansion Patterns of Protein Monolayers on Water"1938 November

nam_ua902.010-1.7_9

239"Salted out Protein Films"-Irving Langmuir and VJS1938 November

nam_ua902.010-1.7_10

2310"Effect of Ultraviolet Light on Built-up Multilayers"1939 May

nam_ua902.010-1.7_11

2311"An Indian Spoon?"1941 January

nam_ua902.010-1.7_12

2312"A Method for Making Snowflake Replicas"1941 March

nam_ua902.010-1.7_13

2313"Studies of Surface Properties by the Light Scattering of Deposited Liquid Films"- Notes Photos and Negatives1941 April, 1941 October, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.7_14

2314Making "Fossil" Snowflakes1941 July

nam_ua902.010-1.7_15

2315A Method of Making Replicas of Snowflakes, Ice Crystals and other Short Lived Substances1941 September

nam_ua902.010-1.7_16

2316Use of Snow Flake Replicas for Studying Winter Storms1942 January

nam_ua902.010-1.7_17

2317Surface Replicas for Use in the Electron Microscope1942 April

nam_ua902.010-1.7_18

2318New Methods for Preparing Surface Replicas for Microscope Observation1942 November

nam_ua902.010-1.7_19

2319"How to Fingerprint a Snowstorm"1943 January

nam_ua902.010-1.7_20

2320Dry Stripped Replicas for the Electron Microscope1943 February

nam_ua902.010-1.7_21

2321"Getting Close to Nature's Surfaces"1943 March

nam_ua902.010-1.7_22

2322"Surface Replicas Containing Dye for Use in the Light Microscope"1943 July

nam_ua902.010-1.7_23

2323"Snow and Experimental Meteorology"1943

nam_ua902.010-1.7_24

2324Winter Magic1944 January

nam_ua902.010-1.7_25

2325"A Study of Biaural Perception of the Direction of a Sound Source" -I. Langmuir- C.V. Ferguson- E.F. Hennelly-Photos1943 August 11

nam_ua902.010-1.7_26

2326"Properties of Single Particles of Snow and the Electrical Effects they Produce in Storms" (Manuscript)1944, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.7_27

2327"Properties of Single Particles of Snow and the Electrical Effects they Produce in Storms"-Notes and Photos1944 April, 1945 April, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.7_28

241"Properties of Single Particles and the Electrical Effects They Produce in Storms"ca. 1945

nam_ua902.010-1.7_29

242"Doing Something About Weather"1945 January

nam_ua902.010-1.7_30

243"Report on Icing Studies Underway on Mt. Washington, New Hampshire and Schenectady, New York-Up to and Including January 20, 1945"1945 February 01

nam_ua902.010-1.7_31

244"Equipment and Procedures for Making Very Thin Absorbing Membranes" (Manuscript)1945 February 22

nam_ua902.010-1.7_32

245"Report in Installation of New Liquid Water Content Instrument on Mt. Washington" (Manuscript)1945 April 07

nam_ua902.010-1.7_33

246"Report in Installation of New Liquid Water Content Instrument on Mt. Washington, New Hampshire and Other Studies Underway at the Observatory and the Laboratory in Schenectady, New York"1945 April 07

nam_ua902.010-1.7_34

247"Demountable Rotating Multicylinders for Measuring Liquid Water Content and Particle Size of Clouds in Above and Below Freezing Temperatures "1945

nam_ua902.010-1.7_35

248"Heat Requirements for Instruments and Airfoils During Ice Storms on Mt. Washington"1946 April

nam_ua902.010-1.7_36

249Icing Study Reports-3 in 11946 April

nam_ua902.010-1.7_37

2410"The Liquid Water Content of Summer Clouds on the Summit of Mt. Washington"-VJS1946 April

nam_ua902.010-1.7_38

2411The Preparation and Use of Water Sensitive Coating for Sampling Cloud Particles1946 April

nam_ua902.010-1.7_39

2412"So You Want to Live in a Lake"1946 June 05

nam_ua902.010-1.7_40

2413"Final Report on Icing Research-July 1, 1945-July 1, 1946"1946 August 08

nam_ua902.010-1.7_41

2414"Report on General Electric Cloud Meter (Plane Model) with Photographs"1945 August 16

nam_ua902.010-1.7_42

2415Production of Ice Crystals in a Cloud of Supercooled Water Droplets1946 November 15

nam_ua902.010-1.7_43

2416"Demountable Rotating Multicylinders for Measuring Liquid Water Content and Particle Size of Below Freezing Temperatures " (Manuscripts)ca. 1946

nam_ua902.010-1.7_44

2417"Down from the Sky"1946

nam_ua902.010-1.7_45

2418"An Historical Account on the Development of My Smoke Generator"1947 June 04

nam_ua902.010-1.7_46

Oversized 22"Historic Scene at Vroman's Nose in 1942"1947 June 26

nam_ua902.010-1.7_47

2419"Methods of Dissipating Supercooled Clouds in the Natural Atmosphere"1947 September-1947 December

nam_ua902.010-1.7_48

2420"Doing Something about the Weather" (Manuscript with letter)1947 November

nam_ua902.010-1.7_49

2421"Heat Requirements for Instruments and Airfoils During Ice Storms on Mt. Washington"1947 November

nam_ua902.010-1.7_50

2422"The First Flight to Make Snow" (Manuscript)1947

nam_ua902.010-1.7_51

2423"The Production of Clouds Containing Supercooled Water Droplets or Ice Crystals under Laboratory Conditions"1948 April

nam_ua902.010-1.7_52

2424"Rates of Evaporation of Water Through Compressed Monolayers on Water"1948 April

nam_ua902.010-1.7_53

2425"The Development of a Snow Classification System"1948 August

nam_ua902.010-1.7_54

2426"Types of Solid Precipitation in Snowstorms"1948 December

nam_ua902.010-1.7_55

2427"International Commission on Snow and Ice Committee on Snow Classification"1948

nam_ua902.010-1.7_56

251"Up Where the Clouds are Made" (Manuscript)1948

nam_ua902.010-1.7_57

252"Scientific Adventures in the Fields, Mountains and Sky"1948-1949

nam_ua902.010-1.7_58

253"The Possibilities of Modifying Lightning Storms in the Northern Rockies" (includes annotated maps)1949 January

nam_ua902.010-1.7_59

254"When the Snow Lays on the Ground" -VJ Schaefer (Manuscript)1949 December 30

nam_ua902.010-1.7_60

255"Induced Precipitation and Experimental Meteorology"1950 June

nam_ua902.010-1.7_61

256"A New Method for Studying the Structure of Glacier Ice" -VJ Schaefer1950 October

nam_ua902.010-1.7_62

257"Factors Related to Experimental meteorology"1950 November-1950 December

nam_ua902.010-1.7_63

258"The Formation of Frigid and Anchor Ice in Cold Weather"1950 December

nam_ua902.010-1.7_64

259"Snow and Experimental Meteorology"1950 December

nam_ua902.010-1.7_65

2510"Cloud-Seeding Discoverer Stresses Urgency of Federal Control Agency"1951 April 10

nam_ua902.010-1.7_66

2511"Rain and Rainmaking"1951 May 31, 1951 June 07

nam_ua902.010-1.7_67

2512"Where Rain Falls All the Time: Including a Plan for Building a Simple Cloud Chamber"1951 May-1951 June

nam_ua902.010-1.7_68

2513"Freezing and Frozen Raindrops" (Manuscript)1951 November 07

nam_ua902.010-1.7_69

2514"The Ice Borers" (Manuscript)1951 December 10

nam_ua902.010-1.7_70

2515"Publications" -VJ Schaefer1936-1951, ca. 1951

nam_ua902.010-1.7_71

2516"Rainforests and Shadows" (Manuscript)1952 March 14

nam_ua902.010-1.7_72

2517"Continuous Cloud Chamber for Studying Small Particles in the Atmosphere"1952 June

nam_ua902.010-1.7_73

2518"Sky Riders of Antiquity" (Manuscript)1952 June 30

nam_ua902.010-1.7_74

2519"Cloud Forms of the Jet Stream"1956 October 08

nam_ua902.010-1.7_75

2520"Cloud Forms of the Jet Stream"1953 February

nam_ua902.010-1.7_76

2521"Jet Stream Clouds" (Manuscript)1953

nam_ua902.010-1.7_77

2522"Earth Movers of the Past" (Manuscript)1953

nam_ua902.010-1.7_78

2523"Electric Observations of the Formative Stages of the Worchester, Massachusetts Tornado"1954 November

nam_ua902.010-1.7_79

2524"Suggested Program for Further Time Lapse Cloud Photography" (Manuscript)ca. 1954

nam_ua902.010-1.7_80

2525"Adventures Ahead" (Manuscripts)Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.7_81

2526"Adventures Ahead" (Manuscripts)1953, Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.7_82

2527"The Beauty that Falls from the Sky" (Manuscript)Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.7_83

2528"The Castles of the Sky" (Manuscript)Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.7_84

2529"Down from the Sky"Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.7_85

2530"The Experimental Apparatus and Procedure" (Incomplete Draft on the Cold Chamber)Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.7_86

2531"The Formation of Snow Crystals on Airborne Dust Particles"Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.7_87

2532"Frozen Volcanoes" (Manuscripts)Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.7_88

2533"Scientific Adventures"Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.7_89

2534"How to Make Snow at Home"Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.7_90

2535"Improved Methods of Conditioning Surfaces for Adsorption" - I. Langmuir (Manuscript)Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.7_91

2536"Langmuir's Role in Conservation Activities"Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.7_92

2537"The Multice II" (Manuscript)Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.7_93

2538"Rambles in an Arizona Desert" (Manuscript)Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.7_94

2539Simple Laboratory Apparatus for the Study of CloudsUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.7_95

2540"Snow" (Manuscript)Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.7_96

2541"Suggestions Related to a Proposed Thunderstorm Study" (Manuscript)Undated
Arranged chronologically
Vincent Schaefer welcomed his colleagues’ professional input and used their published works for reference as he refined his own studies. The articles and reports in this subseries are a sampling of findings by scientists like Irving Langmuir, Katharine Blodgett, Bernard Vonnegut, and more. This subseries also includes magazine and brochure types of publications such as G.E.’s Adventures Ahead, booklets about Association Island, and occasional G.E. newsletters. Please note that many of the articles are reprints, which are reflected in the folder dates.
BoxFolderContentsDate

nam_ua902.010-1.8_1

261"The Emissiuty of Oxidized Metallic Surfaces"-C.P. Randolph and M.J. Overholser1913 August

nam_ua902.010-1.8_2

262"The Nitrogen Filled Lamp"1913 October

nam_ua902.010-1.8_3

263"The Flicker of Incandescent Lamps on Alternating Current Circuits and Stroboscopic Effects"1914 March

nam_ua902.010-1.8_4

264"The Constitution of Liquids with Especial Reference to Surface Tension Phenomena"1916 October 15

nam_ua902.010-1.8_5

265"The Condensation Pump: An Improved Form of High Vacuum Pump"- I. LangmuirUndated

nam_ua902.010-1.8_6

266"Types of Valence"1921 July 22

nam_ua902.010-1.8_7

267"The Mechanism of the Catalytic Action of Platinum in the Reactions of 2CO+O2=2Co2+2H2+O2=2H20"1921 September 21

nam_ua902.010-1.8_8

268"Chemical Reactions on Surfaces"1922 July

nam_ua902.010-1.8_9

269"Thermionic Effects Caused by Alkali Vapors in Vacuum Tubes"1923 January 12

nam_ua902.010-1.8_10

2610"The Pressure Effect and Other Phenomena in Gaseous Discharges"1923 December

nam_ua902.010-1.8_11

2611"Currents Limited by Space Charge Between Concentric Spheres"-I. Langmuir and K.B. Blodgett1924 July

nam_ua902.010-1.8_12

2612 The Apprentice System of the Schenectady Works 1924 November

nam_ua902.010-1.8_13

2613"Scattering of Electrons in Ionized Gases"1925 November

nam_ua902.010-1.8_14

2614"Flames of Atomic Hydrogen"-Irving Langmuir1926 March

nam_ua902.010-1.8_15

2615"The Flow of Ions through a Small Orifice in a Charged Plate"-Lewi Tonks-H.M. Mott-Smith Jr. and Irving Langmuir1926 August

nam_ua902.010-1.8_16

2616"The Theory of Collectors in Gaseous Discharges"-H.M. Mott-Smith and Irving Langmuir1920 December

nam_ua902.010-1.8_17

2617"On The Surface Heat of Charging"-Lewi Tonks and Irving Langmuir1927 May

nam_ua902.010-1.8_18

2618"A Method of Measuring the Mean Free Path of Electrons in Ionized Mercury Vapor-K.B. Blodgett1927 July

nam_ua902.010-1.8_19

2619"The Characteristics of the Tungsten Filaments as Functions of Temperature"-Howard A. Jones and Irving Langmuir1927 September

nam_ua902.010-1.8_20

2620"Electric Discharges in Gases at Low Pressures"1927 September

nam_ua902.010-1.8_21

2621"The Effect of Monomolecular Films on the Evaporation of Ether Solutions"-I. Langmuir and D.B. Langmuir1928 January

nam_ua902.010-1.8_22

2622"Atomic Hydrogen as and Acid to Industrial Research"-Irving Langmuir1928 April

nam_ua902.010-1.8_23

2623"Collisions Between Electrons and Gas Molecules"1928 April

nam_ua902.010-1.8_24

2624"Electric Discharges in Gases at Low Pressures"-Irving Langmuir1928 December

nam_ua902.010-1.8_25

2625"Electric Discharges in Gases at Low Pressures" -Irving Langmuir1928

nam_ua902.010-1.8_26

2626"Contact Potential Measurements with Adsorbed Films"1929 July

nam_ua902.010-1.8_27

2627"General Theory of the Plasma of an Arc"-Lewi Tonks and Irving Langmuir1929 October

nam_ua902.010-1.8_28

2628"Forces Near the Surfaces of Molecules"-Irving Langmuir1930 January

nam_ua902.010-1.8_29

2629"Effect of End Lasses on the Characteristics of Filaments of Tungsten and other Materials"-I. Langmuir- S. MacLane-K.B. Blodgett1930 March

nam_ua902.010-1.8_30

2630"Effect of End Losses or the Characteristics of Filaments of Tungsten and Other Materials"-Irving Langmuir- S. MacLane-K.B. Blodgett1930 May

nam_ua902.010-1.8_31

2631"Electrical Discharges of Gases, Part I"-Karl T. Compton and Irving Langmuir1930 June

nam_ua902.010-1.8_32

2632"Selecting the Chemist-Elect"-I. Langmuirca. 1930

nam_ua902.010-1.8_33

2633"Oxygen Films on Tungsten, Part I"-Irving Langmuir and D.S. Villeur1931 March

nam_ua902.010-1.8_34

2634"Experiments with Oil and Water"-Irving Langmuir1931 May

nam_ua902.010-1.8_35

2635"A Study of Light Signals in Aviation and Navigation"-I. Langmuir and W.F. Westendarp1931 November

nam_ua902.010-1.8_36

2636"Regions of Reversed Magnetization in Strained Wires"-I. Langmuir1931 December

nam_ua902.010-1.8_37

2637"Modern Concepts in Physics"1931

nam_ua902.010-1.8_38

2638"Study of a Neon Discharge by Use of Collectors"1932 January 15

nam_ua902.010-1.8_39

2639"Regions of reversed Magnetization in Strained Wires"-I. Langmuir and K.J. Sixtus1932 January

nam_ua902.010-1.8_40

2640"A Study of Light Signals in Aviation and Navigation"-I. Langmuir and W.F. Westendarp1932 January

nam_ua902.010-1.8_41

2641"Study of a Neon Discharge by Use of Collectors"- Clifton G.Found and Irving Langmuir1932 March

nam_ua902.010-1.8_42

2642"Accommodation Coefficient of Hydrogen; A Sensitive Detector of Surface Films"-K.B. Blodgett and I. Langmuir1932 May

nam_ua902.010-1.8_43

2643"Vapor Pressures, Evaporation, Condensation and Adsorption"-Irving Langmuir1932 August

nam_ua902.010-1.8_44

2644"Surface Chemistry"-Nobel Lecture Presented in Stockholm1932 December 14

nam_ua902.010-1.8_45

2645"An Extension of the Phase Rule for Adsorption Under Equilibrium and Non-Equilibrium Conditions"-I. Langmuir1933 March

nam_ua902.010-1.8_46

2646"Irving Langmuir, Scientist"-Willis R. Whitney1933 March

nam_ua902.010-1.8_47

2647"The Nature of Adsorbed Films of Cesium on Tungsten"-Irving Langmuir1933 April

nam_ua902.010-1.8_48

2648"Irving Langmuir"-Katharine Blodgett1933 July

nam_ua902.010-1.8_49

2649"Physiological Variations in Certain Crop Plants Following Seed Exposure to High-Voltage X-Rays"- C.N. Moore and C.P. Haskins1933 July

nam_ua902.010-1.8_50

2650"Copper Embrittlement III"- Wyman, L.L.1933 October

nam_ua902.010-1.8_51

2651"The Evaporation of Atoms, Electrons from Cesium Films on Tungsten"- John B. Taylor and Irving Langmuir1933 October

nam_ua902.010-1.8_52

2652"Oil Lenses on Water and the Nature of Monomolecular Expanded Films"- Irving Langmuir1933 December

nam_ua902.010-1.8_53

2653"Surface Chemistry"-Irving Langmuir1933 December

nam_ua902.010-1.8_54

2654"Monomolecular Films of Fatty Acids on Glass"-Katharine Blodgett1934 March

nam_ua902.010-1.8_55

2655"Mechanical Properties of Monomolecular Films"-I. Langmuir1934 August

nam_ua902.010-1.8_56

2656"Science as a Guide in Life"-Irving Langmuir1934 August

nam_ua902.010-1.8_57

2657"Standard Lamps for the Spherical Photometry of Sodium Arc"-Frank Benford1934 August

nam_ua902.010-1.8_58

2658"Mechanical Properties of Monomolecular Films"-I. Langmuir1934 September

nam_ua902.010-1.8_59

2659"Oil Film Whirl-A Non-Whirling Bearing"-Burt L. Newkirk and Lloyd P. Grobel1934 September

nam_ua902.010-1.8_60

2660"The Design of Tungsten Springs to Hold Tungsten Filaments Taut"-K.B. Blodgett and I. Langmuir1934 October

nam_ua902.010-1.8_61

2661"Addresses Given in Tokyo, Osaka, Hiroshima, Fukuoka, Sendai, Kyoto (Japan)"1934 November

nam_ua902.010-1.8_62

2662"Electric Discharges in Vacuum and in Gases at Low Pressures"-I. Langmuir-Denki Gaskkwai1934 November

nam_ua902.010-1.8_63

2663"Fundamental Industrial Research"-I. Langmuir1934 November

nam_ua902.010-1.8_64

2664"Surface Chemistry"-I. Langmuir1934 November

nam_ua902.010-1.8_65

2665"Interference Colors in Oil Films on Water"- K.B. Blodgett1935 January

nam_ua902.010-1.8_66

2666"Films Built by Depositing Successive Monomolecular Layers on a Solid Surface"- K.B. Blodgett1935 June

nam_ua902.010-1.8_67

2667"Surface Chemistry"- I. Langmuir1935 September

nam_ua902.010-1.8_68

2668"Mechanical Properties of Matter"1935 August

nam_ua902.010-1.8_69

2669"The Integrating Factor of the Photometric Sphere"-Frank Beneford1935 October

nam_ua902.010-1.8_70

2670"What are Atoms?"-Irving Langmuir-Harry C. Furston and Buel Rice1936 April

nam_ua902.010-1.8_71

2671"Duration of Sunshine on Vertical Surfaces"-Bedford-Frank and John E. Back1936 June

nam_ua902.010-1.8_72

2672"The Heat Conductivity of Tungsten and the Cooling Effects of Heads upon Filaments at the Low Temperatures"-Irving Langmuir and john Bradshaw Taylor1936 July

nam_ua902.010-1.8_73

2673"Airplane Tracks in the Surface of the Stratus Clouds"1936 September

nam_ua902.010-1.8_74

2674"Two-Dimensional Gases, liquids and Solids"-Irving Langmuir1936 October

nam_ua902.010-1.8_75

2675"Built-up Films of Barium Stearate and their Optical Properties"-K. Blodgett-I. Langmuir1937 June 01

nam_ua902.010-1.8_76

2676"Multilayers of Aerosols and the Adsorption of Digitonin by Deposited Monolayers"-I. Langmuir-V.J. Schaefer-H. Sabotka1937 September

nam_ua902.010-1.8_77

2677"Properties of Built-up Films Stearate"-K.B. Blodgett1937 October

nam_ua902.010-1.8_78

2678"Surface Electrification Due to the Recession of Aqueous Solutions from Hydrophobic Surfaces"-I. Langmuir1938 May

nam_ua902.010-1.8_79

2679"Overturning and Anchoring of Monolayers"-I. Langmuir1938 June

nam_ua902.010-1.8_80

2680"A Time Analysis of Sunshine"-Frank Benford and John E. Bock1938 August

nam_ua902.010-1.8_81

2681"Vector Maps and Crystal Analysis"1938 September

nam_ua902.010-1.8_82

2682"The Structure of the Insulin Molecule"-I. Langmuir and D.M. Wrinch1938 September

nam_ua902.010-1.8_83

2683"Repulsive Forces Between Charged Surfaces in Water and the Cause of the Jones-Ray Effect"-I. Langmuir1938 November

nam_ua902.010-1.8_84

2684"The Role of Attractive and Repulsive Forces in the Formation of Tactoids, Thixotropic Gels, Protein Crystals, and Coacervates"-Irving Langmuir1938 December

nam_ua902.010-1.8_85

2685"Effect of X-Rays on Surface Potentials of Multilayers"-I. Langmuir1938

nam_ua902.010-1.8_86

2686"The Thunderstorm"- F.A. Evans and K.B. McEachron1938

nam_ua902.010-1.8_87

2687"Nature of the Cycol Bond"-I. Langmuir and D. Wrinch1939 January 14

nam_ua902.010-1.8_88

2688"Laws and Corollaries of the Black Body"-Frank Benford1939 February

nam_ua902.010-1.8_89

2689"Use of Interference to Extinguish Reflection of Light from Glass"-K.B. Blodgett1939 February

nam_ua902.010-1.8_90

2690"Molecular Layers"1939 March

nam_ua902.010-1.8_91

2691"Properties of Structure of Protein Monolayers"-Irving Langmuir and VJ Schaefer1939 April

nam_ua902.010-1.8_92

2692"Protein Monolayers"-I. Langmuir1939 June

nam_ua902.010-1.8_93

2693"Illumination from Extended Sources Computed by the Theory of the Integrating Sphere"-Frank Bedford1940 January

nam_ua902.010-1.8_94

2694"Monolayers on Solids"-I. Langmuir1940 April

nam_ua902.010-1.8_95

2695"Aerosols: A Selected Bibliography"1940 October 01

nam_ua902.010-1.8_96

2696"Pressure-Soluble and Pressure-Displaceable Components of Monolayers of Native and Denatured Proteins"- I. Langmuir and D.D. Waugh1940 October

nam_ua902.010-1.8_97

Oversized 22"Progress of Science in 1940," Dr. A.W. Hull1941 March 07

nam_ua902.010-1.8_98

2697"Illumination in the Focal Plane"- F. Benford1941 May

nam_ua902.010-1.8_99

2698List of Publications- Irving Langmuir and Katharine Blodgett, 1906-1942ca. 1942

nam_ua902.010-1.8_100

2699 The Story of Lightning 1942

nam_ua902.010-1.8_101

26100"Science, Common Sense and Decency"- I. Langmuir1943 January 01

nam_ua902.010-1.8_102

26101"The American Association for the Advancement of Science: Science, Common Sense and Decency"1943 January

nam_ua902.010-1.8_103

26102"Super Cooled Water Droplets in Rising Currents of Cold, Saturated Air"1943 October-1944 August

nam_ua902.010-1.8_104

26103 What’s New in the World of Science 1943

nam_ua902.010-1.8_105

26104"A Lone Scout- The Story of Vincent J. Schaefer, "Ad Run Nationwide by General Electricca. 1943

nam_ua902.010-1.8_106

26105 The Monogram 1943-1945, 1948, 1953

nam_ua902.010-1.8_107

26106"Report on Smokes and Filters," Irving Langmuir and Katharine B. Blodgett1944 January

nam_ua902.010-1.8_108

26107Aerological Instruments for the Study of Icing and Precipitation Static Problems"-I. Langmuir1944 October

nam_ua902.010-1.8_109

26108Publications: Irving Langmuir, Katharine Blodgett, and Vincent J. Schaefer, 1906-- (A Bibliography)ca. 1944

nam_ua902.010-1.8_110

26109"Order Hardening: Its Mechanism and Recognition"-D. Harker1944

nam_ua902.010-1.8_111

26110"Super Cooled Water Droplets in Rising Currents of Cold, Saturated Air Part I"-I Langmuir1944

nam_ua902.010-1.8_112

26111"Mathematical Investigation of Water Droplet Trajectories"1944 December-1945 July

nam_ua902.010-1.8_113

26112"Mathematical Investigation of Water Droplet Trajectories"-Irving Langmuir1945 January

nam_ua902.010-1.8_114

26113"The Cooling of Cylinders by Fog Moving at High Velocities"1945 March

nam_ua902.010-1.8_115

26114"Science and Postwar Incentives"-I. Langmuir1945 May 17

nam_ua902.010-1.8_116

26115"Final Report on Investigating of Fundamental Phenomena of Precipitation Static"-I. Langmuir1945 May

nam_ua902.010-1.8_117

26116"Final Report on Icing Research up to July 1, 1945"-I. Langmuir1945 October

nam_ua902.010-1.8_118

26117"A Mathematical Investigation of Water Droplet Trajectories"-Langmuir and Blodgett-Notes and Charts1945-1946

nam_ua902.010-1.8_119

26118"Memorandum on Introduction of Ice Nuclei into Clouds"-I. Langmuir1946 August 16

nam_ua902.010-1.8_120

26119 The Knolls News 1946, 1948-1949, 1951

nam_ua902.010-1.8_121

26120"Use of Pitot Tube to Compensate for Pressure Deficiency Caused by Wind on Mount Washington, New Hampshire"-R.E. Falconer1947 April

nam_ua902.010-1.8_122

26121Project Summary1947 July 01

nam_ua902.010-1.8_123

26122 Adventures Ahead 1947

nam_ua902.010-1.8_124

26123Research Laboratory Memo1948 February

nam_ua902.010-1.8_125

26124"Cloud Chasers"- G.E. Monogram1948 May-1948 June

nam_ua902.010-1.8_126

26125Research Laboratory Bulletin1948 June, 1950 April, 1951 May

nam_ua902.010-1.8_127

26126Research Laboratory Memo1948 September, 1949 February, 1942 September

nam_ua902.010-1.8_128

271"Particle Size Determination"-Francis J. Norton1948 October

nam_ua902.010-1.8_129

272"The Production of Rain by a Chain Reaction in Cumulus Clouds at Temperatures above Freezing"-I. Langmuir1948 October

nam_ua902.010-1.8_130

273"The Research Laboratory Builds a House"- with "Pictorial Supplement"1948 November, 1950 October

nam_ua902.010-1.8_131

274 Research Laboratory Foto Facts 1948 November, 1950 October

nam_ua902.010-1.8_132

275 Adventures Ahead 1948

nam_ua902.010-1.8_133

276 Camp General Electric and Association Island 1948

nam_ua902.010-1.8_134

277Adventures Inside the Atom- Comic Book1948

nam_ua902.010-1.8_135

278"The Story of Research"- General Electricca. 1948

nam_ua902.010-1.8_136

279"The Growth of Particles in Smokes and Clouds and the Production of Snow from Supercooled Clouds"-I. Langmuir1948

nam_ua902.010-1.8_137

2710"Rate of Nucleation of Solid Particles in a Subcooled Cloud"-J.C. Fisher-J.H. Hollomon-D. Turnbull1949 February

nam_ua902.010-1.8_138

2711"The Behavior of Water Drops at Terminal Velocity in Air"-D.C. Blanchard (Includes News Clippings)1949 March 3-1950 December

nam_ua902.010-1.8_139

2712 Research Laboratory Memo 1949 June

nam_ua902.010-1.8_140

2713"Super-Cooled Water Droplets in Rising Currents of Cold Saturated Air Parts I and II"-I. Langmuir1949 June

nam_ua902.010-1.8_141

2714Super-Cooled Water Droplets in Rising Currents of Cold Saturated Air"-I. Langmuir (Includes Notes and Formulas)Undated

nam_ua902.010-1.8_142

2715"Homogenous Nucleation"- D. Turnbull and J.H. Hollomon1949 September

nam_ua902.010-1.8_143

2716 Adventures Ahead 1949

nam_ua902.010-1.8_144

2717"Experiments with Silver Iodide Smokes in the Natural Atmosphere"-B. Vonnegut1950 May

nam_ua902.010-1.8_145

2718 Story of the Turbine 1950 June

nam_ua902.010-1.8_146

2719"Control of Precipitation from the Cumulus Clouds by Various Seeding Techniques"-I. Langmuir1950 June 14

nam_ua902.010-1.8_147

2720"Preliminary Report on the X-Ray Microscope"-C.M. Lacht and D. Harker1950 July

nam_ua902.010-1.8_148

2721 General Electric News Digest 1950 December 10

nam_ua902.010-1.8_149

2722 Research in General Electric 1900-1950 1950 October 09

nam_ua902.010-1.8_150

2723"Barium Stearate Stepgauge"- K. Blodgett1950 October

nam_ua902.010-1.8_151

2724 Knolls News 1950 October

nam_ua902.010-1.8_152

2725"Preparation of Copy for Lantern Slides and Charts"1950 November

nam_ua902.010-1.8_153

2726"Tests of Direction Selection Color Television Screens"-L.R. Koller and K. Smith1950 December

nam_ua902.010-1.8_154

2727 Adventures Ahead 1950

nam_ua902.010-1.8_155

2728"Periodicity of Rainfall"-I. Langmuir1950

nam_ua902.010-1.8_156

2729More Power to America (Comic Book)1950

nam_ua902.010-1.8_157

2730"Third Annual Listing Reports Published by Research Lab Publications"1951 January-1951 December

nam_ua902.010-1.8_158

281 Knolls News 1951 January

nam_ua902.010-1.8_159

282Research Laboratory Memo1951 March

nam_ua902.010-1.8_160

283Research Laboratory Memo1951 April

nam_ua902.010-1.8_161

284"An Hypothesis for the Origin of Cancer Foci"1951 June

nam_ua902.010-1.8_162

285"Reporting Procedures in the General Electric Research Laboratory"-M. Martin1951 June

nam_ua902.010-1.8_163

286 Adventures Ahead 1951 September-1951 October

nam_ua902.010-1.8_164

287 Laboratory Activities Developments 1951 October

nam_ua902.010-1.8_165

288Research Laboratory Memo1951 October

nam_ua902.010-1.8_166

289 Weatherwise 1951 October

nam_ua902.010-1.8_167

2810"Cloud Seeding by Means of Dry Ice, Silver Iodide, and Sodium Chloride"-Irving Langmuir1951 November

nam_ua902.010-1.8_168

2811Kinetics of Solidification of Supercooled Liquid Mercury Droplets"-David Turnbull1951 November

nam_ua902.010-1.8_169

2812"Recent Experiments on the Effect of Ultraviolet Light on Silver Iodide Nuclei"- Bernard Vonnegut and Raymond Neubauer1951 November

nam_ua902.010-1.8_170

2813 Thunderbolts in Harness 1951

nam_ua902.010-1.8_171

2814"Reproduction of Manuscripts- An Elementary Description of Printing and Duplicating Processes"- Miles J. Martin1952 March

nam_ua902.010-1.8_172

2815"Detention and Measurement of Aerosol Particles"1952 June

nam_ua902.010-1.8_173

2816"Thin Films of Supersaturated Solutions for Detecting, and Identifying Very Small Crystalline Particles"- B. Vonnegut1952 June

nam_ua902.010-1.8_174

2817"Screw Dislocations, Etch Figures and Holes"1952 July 30

nam_ua902.010-1.8_175

2818"Research Laboratory Foto Facts"1952 July

nam_ua902.010-1.8_176

2819"Preparation of Copy for Lantern