1400 Washington AveAlbanyNY
1400 Washington AveAlbanyNY

Adolph Lowe Papers

1915-1996

PDF Version

Abstract

Biographical material includes biographies; personal papers from teaching at the University of Kiel, 1926–31 and University of Manchester, 1933–40; papers from Lowe's 80th birthday (1973); Veblen–Commons Award, 1979; interview with Die Zeit, 1988; correspondence, 1928–91; writings by Lowe, including lectures, speeches, published and unpublished works. Lowe was one of the founders of the New School for Social Research comprised mostly of the German intellectual Émigrés to the USA prior to WWI.

Summary

Creator:
Lowe, Adolph, 1893-
Date Coverage:
1915-1996
Quantity:
5 cubic ft. (about 5 boxes)

Adolph Lowe was born in Stuttgart, Germany on March 4, 1893 to a middle-class Jewish family. His father, Alexander Löwe, was a merchant, and his mother, Ottilie Mayer Löwe, was a homemaker. After graduating from a gymnasium in Stuttgart, he studied at universities in Munich, Berlin, and Tübingen between 1911 and 1915. In 1914-15, he served in the German Army. In 1919, he married Beatrice Loewenstein. The couple had two daughters, Rachel Lowe Aubrey and Hanna Lowe Lustig.

Löwe received his Dr. Jur. degree from the University of Tübingen in 1918, but his contacts with noted economic historian Lujo Brentano led him to become an economist. He served as an economic advisor to the Weimar government (1918-24), taking posts in the ministries of Demobilization, Labor, and Economic Affairs. While working for the Bureau of Statistics (1924-26), he began his academic career. He joined the faculty of the University of Kiel (1925-31) and established the Institute for Business Cycle Research (1925). He then served as director of research and educational studies (1926-30) and associate professor of economics (1930-31) at the Institute of World Economics. Between 1931 and 1933, he taught political economy at the University of Frankfurt.

In Spring 1933, Löwe was dismissed from his teaching post in accordance with the provisions of the Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service. He was the first professor of social sciences to be dismissed by the Nazi government. A few months later, he and his wife decided to emigrate after their daughters were dismissed from school because of their "race". The family left for Britain just before the German government revoked the passports of those it defined as Jewish. Lowe, who anglicized the spelling of his name soon after his arrival in Britain, became a Rockefeller Foundation fellow (1933-38) and Manchester University lecturer.

While at Manchester, Lowe had the opportunity to pursue a wide range of intellectual interests. He held a dual appointment in economics and sociology, and his lecture notes reveal that Romantic literature and German history were among the topics covered in his courses. In his first book, Economics and Sociology: A Plea for Co-Operation in the Social Sciences (1935), he encouraged fellow economists to incorporate the insights of other social scientists into their analyses.

Lowe became a naturalized British subject in September 1939 and yearned to contribute to the war effort. However, the British government refused to place former German citizens in war-related government posts. Frustrated at being denied the opportunity to serve his new nation and fearful that he would lose his Manchester University lectureship, he began seeking employment in the United States. After receiving an offer from the New School for Social Research, Lowe and his family moved to New York City. Lowe was a professor of economics at the New School until his retirement in 1978, leaving only to take a one-year appointment at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem (1953).

While at the New School, Lowe continued to cultivate a broad range of intellectual interests and criticized what he saw as the parochialism of his colleagues. According to former student and close friend Robert Heilbroner, he was convinced that the general rise in affluence, the emergence of mammoth corporate entities benefitting from economies of scale, and increasing government regulation had stripped economists of the ability to predict accurately future developments. Convinced that comprehensive economic planning was essential to the public good, he concluded that the academic study of economics would regain its predictive ability only if it became an instrument of public policy. These arguments were outlined in On Economic Knowledge (1965) and expanded upon in Has Freedom A Future? (1989), in which he criticized what he saw as the hedonism of contemporary society and asserted that only a combination of collective consciousness and economic planning would safeguard individual freedom and social stability.

After Beatrice Lowe's death in 1982, Lowe returned to Germany to live with his daughter Hannah, who had settled in her country of birth several years before. He remained an active reader and writer of scholarly materials and established friendships with a number of young German economists. In 1988, he was the subject of a lengthy interview that appeared in Die Zeit, one of Germany's most highly regarded newspapers. Determined to remain intellectually active, he gave considerable assistance to his biographer, Klaus-Dieter Krohn. He ceased reading and writing shortly before his death on June 4, 1995, in Wolfenbüttel, Germany. This collection consists chiefly of the published and unpublished personal and professional writings of economist Adolph Lowe. It documents his broad intellectual interests, chronicles the evolution of his economic theories, and sheds light upon his broader beliefs about the role of economic theory and economic planning in creating stable and egalitarian societies.

The collection contains relatively little information about Lowe's education and early career, but Lowe was able to take a modest number of documents concerning his schooling and work when he left Germany. This small body of materials was subsequently augmented by scholars who studied Lowe's early work and sent him copies of German government documents and other records that detailed his activities in Germany.

Lowe's academic work in Britain and, in particular, the United States is more amply documented. The collection contains many of the lecture notes that he wrote while teaching at Manchester University and the New School for Social Research and numerous published and unpublished articles and essays. However, some of the writings that Lowe published during the 1940s, 1950s, and 1960s are not included.

The collection also contains numerous writings Lowe completed while working on Has Freedom a Future? (1989). Most notable are the "notes" that Lowe maintained between the 1960s and 1980s. The notes are in fact a detailed intellectual diary in which Lowe outlined his ideas about the relationship between economic security, equality, and human freedom and responded to the criticisms and suggestions of friends and associates. Simple chronological outlines and reading notes are interspersed throughout.

Lowe was a prolific correspondent, and the collection contains some of the letters that he wrote and received while residing in Great Britain and the United States and almost all of the correspondence he sent and received after his 1983 return to Germany. His letters to and from Robert Heilbroner, a former student, New School for Social Research faculty member, and lifelong friend, amply document their relationship as it existed during Lowe's later years. Many of the other correspondents represented in the collection were also associated with the New School. Among them: Gerhard Colm (1965), Dorothy Dinnerstein (1978, 1984-85, 1987-88), Jonathan Fanton (1983-86, 1988), Mary Henle (1965, 1983-90), Mary Jacker (1983-90, 1992), Alvin Johnson (1965), Hans Jonas (1943, 1964, 1977, 1983-92?), Ira Katznelson (1984-88), Arien Mack (1984, 1988), Marianne Marschak (1983-91), Edward Nell (1981, 1983-85, 1987-88) and Hans Staudinger (1964-66, 1970, 1979-81). Other notable correspondents include Daniel Bell (1987), T.S. Eliot (1947), former student Marion Gräfin Dünhof (Marion Countess Dünhof; 1979-80, 1984-91), Reinhold Niebuhr (1950), Eleanor Roosevelt (1943), and Sir Geoffrey Vickers (1965, 1967-68, 1975-76, 1980, 1982). The correspondence also sheds light upon Lowe's interactions with his daughters Rachel Aubrey and Hanna Lustig and several of his grandchildren.

Other materials of interest include the scholarly writings that Lowe gathered in connection with his research. Many of these articles and essays contain detailed analyses of his own work and were presented to him by their authors; some are in typescript form. Others, among them published and unpublished papers by Robert Heilbroner, Hans Jonas, and Hans Staudinger, address intellectual and social issues with which Lowe was concerned.

The collection is organized as follows:

Series 1: Personal Papers, 1915-1995
Series 2: Correspondence, 1928-1995, 1983-1990
Series 3: Scholarly Writings, 1932-ca. 1990
Subseries 1: Articles, Reviews, and Books, 1932-ca. 1990
Subseries 2: Lectures, 1932-1983
Series 4: Notes, 1964-1990
Series 5: Lectures and Other Course Materials, ca. 1925-1981
Series 6: Research Materials, 1940-1996
Series 7: Miscellaneous Professional Documents, 1918-1989
.

Series arrangement statement: SUNY will complete.

English

German

Related Material

The collection does not contain any materials generated by theologian Paul Tillich, who was one of Lowe's close friends. Researchers looking for materials that document their friendship should consult the archives of the New School for Social Research, which holds other papers that Lowe produced or collected, and the Andover-Harvard Theological Library of Harvard University, which holds the bulk of Tillich's papers. The Open University holds the papers of Geoffrey Vickers (Sir Charles Geoffrey Vickers) with whom Lowe corresponded. Other repositories may also have such materials.

All newsprint materials and a number of brittle documents were photocopied for preservation purposes.

The materials in this collection were donated to the M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives by John Spalek, who had received them from Claus-Dieter Krohn, in February 1996.

Processed by: Bonita L. Weddle, August 31, 1999; revised by Sandra Hunt Hawrylchak, February 2006 in 1999.

Collection record created by: Conversion and encoding by ArchProteus,

Published: 2015

EAD file created, 2014

Archival materials can be view in-person during business hours in our reading room, located on the top floor of the Science Library on the Uptown Campus.

We can also deliver digital scans for remote research for a fee.

Access to this record group is unrestricted.

Copyright Statement

The researcher assumes full responsibility for conforming with the laws of copyright. Whenever possible, the M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives will provide information about copyright owners and other restrictions, but the legal determination ultimately rests with the researcher. Requests for permission to publish material from this collection should be discussed with the Head of Special Collections and Archives.

Preferred citation for this material is as follows:

Identification of specific item, series, box, folder, Adolph Lowe Papers, 1915-1996. M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives, University Libraries, University at Albany, State University of New York (hereafter referred to as [shortened name]).

Contents of Collection

Quantity: 0.25 cubic ft. (about 0.25 boxes)
This series contains a number of documents that shed light on Lowe's personal life: photocopies of his British naturalization papers and academic degrees, a photograph and pamphlet produced in conjunction with a celebration at the University of Kiel, death notices and eulogies he delivered at the funerals of friends, a history of a charitable organization he helped to establish, materials generated in connection with his eightieth birthday party, and a bound volume of greetings presented to him on his one-hundredth birthday.
Arranged chronologically.
BoxFolderContentsDate

nam_ger022-1_1

11Photocopied Personal Documents1915-1973

nam_ger022-1_2

12University of Kiel1926-1931

nam_ger022-1_3

13Autobiographical and Biographical Materials1941-1995

nam_ger022-1_4

14Memorials to Colleagues and Friends1959-1977

nam_ger022-1_5

15Eightieth Birthday Dinner1973

nam_ger022-1_6

16Eightieth Birthday Speech1973

nam_ger022-1_7

17Selfhelp Community Services, A Selfhelp History1986

nam_ger022-1_8

18One Hundredth Birthday Celebration, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität1993
Quantity: 2 cubic ft. (about 2 boxes)
This series contains letters that Lowe received and, in many instances, carbon copies of letters that he wrote. Much of the correspondence is from other members of the faculty of the New School for Social Research and from other academic economists, but the series also includes many letters written by Lowe's daughters and grandchildren.Members of the Graduate Faculty of the University in Exile/New School for Social Research represented include Jan-Robert Bloch, Gerhard Colm, Dorothy Dinnerstein, Jonathan Fanton, Robert Heilbroner, Mary Henle, Mary Jacker, Alvin Johnson, Hans Jonas, Ira Katznelson, Marianne Marschak, and Hans Staudinger. The subseries also contains Lowe's correspondence with former students Murray Brown and Marion Gräfin Dünhof (Marion Countess Dünhof) and economists Heiner Ganssmann, Harald Hagemann, Sigfried Ketterle, Claus-Dieter Krohn, Heinz-Dieter Kurz, Allen Oakley, and Sir Geoffrey Vickers. NB: Other correspondence from these individuals is in some instances located elsewhere in the collection. In most instances, photocopies of these materials have been inserted into this series. Other notable correspondents include Ruth Nanda Anshen, Daniel Bell (1987), T.S. Eliot (1947), Terence W. Hutchinson (1970, 1976?), Leo Lowenthal (1983, 1986), Reinhold Niebuhr (1950), Eleanor Roosevelt (1948), and Leo Strauss (1949). Also included is a copy of a 1986 letter that Lowe sent to Israeli Prime Minister Shimon Peres and a response from Peres' secretary.
Arranged alphabetically.
BoxFolderContentsDate

nam_ger022-2_1

19One Hundredth Birthday Greetings1993

nam_ger022-2.2

Subseries 2.2: Family correspondence
110    

nam_ger022-2.2_1

  Aubrey, Rachel (daughter)
1983-1991
111    

nam_ger022-2.2_2

  Lustig, Hanna (daughter)
1985-1987
112    

nam_ger022-2.2_3

  Rustow, Janet (granddaughter)
1983-1990
113    

nam_ger022-2.2_4

  Grandchildren (Stephen, Roger, Sandy, Cathy)
1983-1991
114    

nam_ger022-2.2_5

  Correspondence, England
1938-1940

nam_ger022-2.3

Subseries 2.3: Correspondence with colleagues, friends
115    

nam_ger022-2.3_1

  A -- miscellaneous correspondence
Undated
116    

nam_ger022-2.3_2

  Albrecht, Renate
1980-1990
117    

nam_ger022-2.3_3

  Amendola, Mario
1984-1985
118    

nam_ger022-2.3_4

  Anshen, Ruth Nanda
1983-1988
119    

nam_ger022-2.3_5

  Archibugi, Franco
1987
120    

nam_ger022-2.3_6

  B -- miscellaneous correspondence
Undated
121    

nam_ger022-2.3_7

  Banca Nazionale del Lavoro Quarterly Review (Alessandro Roncaglia)
1989-1991
122    

nam_ger022-2.3_8

  Baranzini, Mauro
1986
123    

nam_ger022-2.3_9

  Bell, Daniel
1987
124    

nam_ger022-2.3_10

  Bendix, Reinhard
1988
125    

nam_ger022-2.3_11

  Bernstein, Peter L.
1983-1989
126    

nam_ger022-2.3_12

  Universität Bielefeld (Otthein Rammstedt, Rüdiger Kramme)
1989-1990
127    

nam_ger022-2.3_13

  Billikopf, Jacob
1948
128    

nam_ger022-2.3_14

  Bloch, Jan-Robert
1984-1990
129    

nam_ger022-2.3_15

  Borchers, Detlef
1986
130    

nam_ger022-2.3_16

  Brandt, Karl; Dietrich Pohmer
1962-1963
131    

nam_ger022-2.3_17

  Brown, Murray
1965, 1980-1991

    

(includes writings).

132    

nam_ger022-2.3_18

  Brummerlich, Irmtraud
1986-1988
133    

nam_ger022-2.3_19

  Burchardt, Arne
1965, 1984-1992
134    

nam_ger022-2.3_20

  Burchardt, Fritz (Frank) A.
1946-1949
135    

nam_ger022-2.3_21

  C - D -- miscellaneous correspondence
Undated
136    

nam_ger022-2.3_22

  Chase, Richard
1979-1985
137    

nam_ger022-2.3_23

  Clark, David
1984-1987
138    

nam_ger022-2.3_24

  Dickinson, John K.
1985-1990
139    

nam_ger022-2.3_25

  Dinnerstein, Dorothy
1978-1990
140    

nam_ger022-2.3_26

  Dönhoff, Marion Gräfin
1979-1991
141    

nam_ger022-2.3_27

  E - G -- miscellaneous correspondence
Undated
142    

nam_ger022-2.3_28

  Earley, Glenn D.
1981
143    

nam_ger022-2.3_29

  Eatwell, John (The New Palgrave)
1984
144    

nam_ger022-2.3_30

  Eliot, T. S.
1947
145    

nam_ger022-2.3_31

  "The Exiles" Project (Lou Potter, Richard Kaplan)
1985-1989
146    

nam_ger022-2.3_32

  Fanton, Jonathan
1983-1990
147    

nam_ger022-2.3_33

  Feltman, Karesh & Major (Lee Feltman)
1983-1990
148    

nam_ger022-2.3_34

  Franke, Horst-Werner
1988
149    

nam_ger022-2.3_35

  Freund, Rudolf
1948

    

Freund, Susi, 1984-1988.

150    

nam_ger022-2.3_36

  Ganssmann, Heiner
1983-1990
151    

nam_ger022-2.3_37

  Gates, Robert A.
1988-1989
152    

nam_ger022-2.3_38

  Greffrath, Mathias
1982-1989
153    

nam_ger022-2.3_39

  H - J -- miscellaneous correspondence
Undated
21    

nam_ger022-2.3_40

  Hagemann, Harald
1978-1995
22    

nam_ger022-2.3_41

  Halasi, Albert
1950
23    

nam_ger022-2.3_42

  Hartwich, Horst W.
1963
24    

nam_ger022-2.3_43

  Harvey, Philip
1984-1989
25    

nam_ger022-2.3_44

  Hatlapa, Christoph
1984-1985
26    

nam_ger022-2.3_45

  Hatzfeldt, Hermann Graf
1983-1985
27    

nam_ger022-2.3_46

  Heilbroner, Robert
1953, 1962-1984
28    

nam_ger022-2.3_47

  Heilbroner, Robert
1985-1986
29    

nam_ger022-2.3_48

  Heilbroner, Robert
1987-1991
210    

nam_ger022-2.3_49

  Heinitz, Ernst
1963
211    

nam_ger022-2.3_50

  Heise, Arne
1984
212    

nam_ger022-2.3_51

  Henle, Mary
1965, 1983-1989
213    

nam_ger022-2.3_52

  Hennis, Wilhelm
1985, 1987
214    

nam_ger022-2.3_53

  Hering, Frank
1978
215    

nam_ger022-2.3_54

  Herz, Hannah
1985-1989
216    

nam_ger022-2.3_55

  Hillmann, Hermann
1983-1990
217    

nam_ger022-2.3_56

  Hirschler, Otto E. & Eva
1984-1990
218    

nam_ger022-2.3_57

  Holland, Eva
1986-1988
219    

nam_ger022-2.3_58

  Holton, Gerald
ca. 1965
220    

nam_ger022-2.3_59

  Hoselitz, Bert F.
1949
221    

nam_ger022-2.3_60

  Hosiosky, Issai
1983-1989
222    

nam_ger022-2.3_61

  Hula, Erich
1968, 1975, 1983-1985
223    

nam_ger022-2.3_62

  Hutchinson, Terrence W.
1970, 1976
224    

nam_ger022-2.3_63

  Jacker, Mary
1983-1992
225    

nam_ger022-2.3_64

  Jeffery, J. B.
1948
226    

nam_ger022-2.3_65

  Jewkes, John
1939-1940
227    

nam_ger022-2.3_66

  Johann Wolfgang Goethe Universität, Frankfurt
1963, 1983-1990
228    

nam_ger022-2.3_67

  Jonas, Hans
1943-1989

    

Jonas, Lore, 1989-1992.

229    

nam_ger022-2.3_68

  K -- miscellaneous correspondence
Undated
230    

nam_ger022-2.3_69

  Katterle, Sigfried
1982-1983
231    

nam_ger022-2.3_70

  Katznelson, Ira
1983-1991
232    

nam_ger022-2.3_71

  Koebner, R.
1948
233    

nam_ger022-2.3_72

  Krohn, Claus-Dieter
1983-1989
234    

nam_ger022-2.3_73

  Krüsselberg, H. G.
1983-1988
235    

nam_ger022-2.3_74

  Kurz, Heinz-Dieter
1980-1991
236    

nam_ger022-2.3_75

  L - M -- miscellaneous correspondence
Undated
237    

nam_ger022-2.3_76

  Landauer, Carl
1983-1984
238    

nam_ger022-2.3_77

  Landmann, Michael
1976
239    

nam_ger022-2.3_78

  Laski, Harold J.
1940
240    

nam_ger022-2.3_79

  Lerner, Abba P.
1971
241    

nam_ger022-2.3_80

  Lewy, Hermann
1969
242    

nam_ger022-2.3_81

  Lindsay, A. D.
1940
243    

nam_ger022-2.3_82

  Lion, Bertha (Bertel)
1984-1989
244    

nam_ger022-2.3_83

  Lissner, Will
1983-1990
245    

nam_ger022-2.3_84

  Loewenstein, Eva
1985-1989
246    

nam_ger022-2.3_85

  Lowenthal, Leo
1983-1986
247    

nam_ger022-2.3_86

  Luckmann, Benita
1984
248    

nam_ger022-2.3_87

  Luetkens, Charlotte
1939, 1949-1950
249    

nam_ger022-2.3_88

  Mack, Arien (Social Research)
1983-1989
250    

nam_ger022-2.3_89

  Marschak, Jacob
1949
251    

nam_ger022-2.3_90

  Marschak, Marianne
1983-1991

    

(includes writings).

252    

nam_ger022-2.3_91

  Merten, Hans
1949
253    

nam_ger022-2.3_92

  Miller, Pamela
1982-1990
254    

nam_ger022-2.3_93

  Morgenstern, Oskar
1928
255    

nam_ger022-2.3_94

  N - Q -- miscellaneous correspondence
Undated
256    

nam_ger022-2.3_95

  Neisser, Charlotte
1985-1989
257    

nam_ger022-2.3_96

  Nell, Ed
1981-1985
258    

nam_ger022-2.3_97

  Neumark, Fritz
1983-1984
259    

nam_ger022-2.3_98

  New School for Social Research, general
1984-1989
260    

nam_ger022-2.3_99

  Niebuhr, Reinhold
1950
261    

nam_ger022-2.3_100

  Niemann, Gerhard
1985
262    

nam_ger022-2.3_101

  Oakley, Allen
1984-1991
263    

nam_ger022-2.3_102

  O'Neill, Onora
1984
264    

nam_ger022-2.3_103

  Opolka, Uwe
1984, 1988
265    

nam_ger022-2.3_104

  Oppenheimer, Ludwig
1948
266    

nam_ger022-2.3_105

  Ossofsky, Mindy
1983-1988
267    

nam_ger022-2.3_106

  Peres, Shimon (secretary)
1986
268    

nam_ger022-2.3_107

  Petersen, Aage
1968
269    

nam_ger022-2.3_108

  Pfleiderer, Otto
1983-1989
270    

nam_ger022-2.3_109

  Pichottka, Ilse
1985-1986
271    

nam_ger022-2.3_110

  Pinner, Frank A.
1962
272    

nam_ger022-2.3_111

  Pollock, Frederick
1949
273    

nam_ger022-2.3_112

  Pulrang, Stanford
1978-1987
274    

nam_ger022-2.3_113

  R - S -- miscellaneous correspondence
Undated
275    

nam_ger022-2.3_114

  Roosevelt, Eleanor
1943
276    

nam_ger022-2.3_115

  Ruppin, A.
1940
277    

nam_ger022-2.3_116

  Rustow (Rüstow), Alexander
1929-1951
278    

nam_ger022-2.3_117

  Ruttkoff, Peter
1984-1985
279    

nam_ger022-2.3_118

  Schefold, Bertram
1983-1990
280    

nam_ger022-2.3_119

  Schulin, Ernst
1982-1985
281    

nam_ger022-2.3_120

  Sommer, Artur
1950
282    

nam_ger022-2.3_121

  Sondergeld, Klaus
1983
283    

nam_ger022-2.3_122

  Spulber, Nicolas
1983-1993
284    

nam_ger022-2.3_123

  Srubar, Ilja
1984, 1988
31    

nam_ger022-2.3_124

  Staudinger, Hans
1951, 1964-1981

    

(includes biographical material).

32    

nam_ger022-2.3_125

  Staudinger, Hansjürgen
1984-1990
33    

nam_ger022-2.3_126

  Stock, Werner
1983
34    

nam_ger022-2.3_127

  Strauss, Leo
1949
35    

nam_ger022-2.3_128

  T - Z -- miscellaneous correspondence
Undated
36    

nam_ger022-2.3_129

  Taub, Menachem
1983-1991
37    

nam_ger022-2.3_130

  Tillich, Paul
1949

    

Tillich, Hannah, 1988.

38    

nam_ger022-2.3_131

  Treuherz, Werner
1983, 1987
39    

nam_ger022-2.3_132

  Vickers, Geoffrey
1949, 1965-1982

    

(includes writings).

310    

nam_ger022-2.3_133

  Vickers, Jeanne
1983-1990
311    

nam_ger022-2.3_134

  Vogelstein, Theodor M.
1950-1951
312    

nam_ger022-2.3_135

  von Eynern, Gert
1962-1963, 1984
313    

nam_ger022-2.3_136

  Vuagnat, Fréderique
1983-1984
314    

nam_ger022-2.3_137

  Waldman, Frederic (Fritz)
1986
315    

nam_ger022-2.3_138

  Wallace, Edith
1983-1990
316    

nam_ger022-2.3_139

  Waubke, M.
1984-1989
317    

nam_ger022-2.3_140

  Weber, Alfred
1950
318    

nam_ger022-2.3_141

  White, Howard
1951
319    

nam_ger022-2.3_142

  Wunderlich, [Frieda?]
1950
320    

nam_ger022-2.3_143

  Correspondence Concerning "Notes on University Education"
1940
321    

nam_ger022-2.3_144

  Correspondence Concerning "On Economic Knowledge"
1965-1971

nam_ger022-2.4

Subseries 2.4: Correspondence with publishers
322    

nam_ger022-2.4_1

  Cambridge University Press
1976, 1983
323    

nam_ger022-2.4_2

  Insel Verlag
1987-1988
324    

nam_ger022-2.4_3

  M. E. Sharpe, Inc.
1979-1991
325    

nam_ger022-2.4_4

  New York University Press, concerning "Essays in Political Economics"
1987
326    

nam_ger022-2.4_5

  Praeger (Greenwood Press)
1986-1990
Quantity: 0.90 cubic ft. (about 0.90 boxes)
This series contains many of Lowe's articles, book manuscripts, and notes for lectures delivered before various academic and civic groups. Most of these materials were written while Lowe lived in Great Britain and the United States, but the earliest and most recent materials were produced while he resided in Germany.
Arranged chronologically within subseries.
Quantity: 0.60 cubic ft. (about 0.60 boxes)
This sub-series contains some of Lowe's published and unpublished studies of economics, sociology, and current affairs. Highlights include a lengthy essay written in the form of a letter to his close friend Hans Jonas, unpublished materials that he apparently drafted while writing Has Freedom a Future?, and a complete typescript of the book itself.
Arranged chronologically.
BoxFolderContentsDate

nam_ger022-3.1_1

327"Über den Sinn und die Grenzen verstehender Nationalökonomie" (published)1932

nam_ger022-3.1_2

328"The Social Productivity of Technical Improvements" (published)1937

nam_ger022-3.1_3

329Review of Middleton Murry, In Defence of Democracy (unpublished TS), and letter1938

nam_ger022-3.1_4

330"The Technique of Economic Mobilization" (unpublished TS)1939

nam_ger022-3.1_5

331"On the Introduction of the Social Sciences . . . at the Hebrew University" (unpublished TS)1939

nam_ger022-3.1_6

332"Nationalism and the Economic Order" (published)1939?

nam_ger022-3.1_7

333"Social Transformation and the War" (published letter)1940

nam_ger022-3.1_8

334Newspaper Articles on Germany, Britain, and the Second World War (published)1940

nam_ger022-3.1_9

335Analysis of British Economic Problems (unpublished TS)1940?

nam_ger022-3.1_10

336"A Reconsideration of the Laws of Supply and Demand" (published)1942

nam_ger022-3.1_11

337"The Study of World Affairs" (published)1943

nam_ger022-3.1_12

338"The Trend of World Economics" (published)1944

nam_ger022-3.1_13

339"To A German Friend Behind Bars" (unpublished MS)1950

nam_ger022-3.1_14

340"On the Mechanistic Approach in Economics" (published)1951

nam_ger022-3.1_15

341"Rejoinder [to James Parsons]" (published)1952

nam_ger022-3.1_16

342Preface to the Japanese edition of On Economic Knowledge (unpublished TS)1953

nam_ger022-3.1_17

343"The Classical Theory of Economic Growth" (published)1954

nam_ger022-3.1_18

344"Wirtschaftstheorie --Der nächste Schritt" (published)1959

nam_ger022-3.1_19

345"Über eine dritte Kraft" (published)1961

nam_ger022-3.1_20

346"S Is Not Yet P: A Question Put to Ernst Bloch" (unpublished TS)1964-1965

nam_ger022-3.1_21

347Letter to Hans Jonas 1966

(unpublished typescripts) and notes.

nam_ger022-3.1_22

348"The Normative Roots of Economic Value" (unpublished TS)1967

nam_ger022-3.1_23

349"Vorbemerkung" (unpublished TS)1968

nam_ger022-3.1_24

350"Die Leiden des alten Atlas: Ernst Bloch zum fuenfundachtigen Gerburtstag" (unpublished TS)ca. 1970

nam_ger022-3.1_25

351"Personal Freedom in an Era of Social Engineering" (unpublished TS), and "Comments on Middleton Murry's Paper" (unpublished TS)1973

nam_ger022-3.1_26

352"Technical Profits" (unpublished TS)1977

nam_ger022-3.1_27

353"Über das Dunkel des gelebten Augenblicks" 1978?

(unpublished typescripts) and notes.

nam_ger022-3.1_28

354"Atlas: The Burden of the Man Without Chains" (unpublished TS)ca. 1980

nam_ger022-3.1_29

355"To Rid Loans of the Inflation Risk" (published letter)1981

nam_ger022-3.1_30

356"The Specter of Technological Unemployment" (unpublished TS)1987?

nam_ger022-3.1_31

357Has Freedom a Future? (unpublished TS)1987

nam_ger022-3.1_32

358"Freiheit und Ordnung" (unpublished TS)1988?

nam_ger022-3.1_33

359Lecture Notes on Simmel's "Philosophie der Griechen" Undated

(unpublished manuscript), 1913, and Transcript (unpublished typescript), ca. 1990.

nam_ger022-3.1_34

360"Technological Unemployment Reexamined" (published)Undated

nam_ger022-3.1_35

361"The Paradigms of Positive Economics" (unpublished TS) and "The Marxian Paradigm" (unpublished TS)Undated

nam_ger022-3.1_36

362"The Economic Mechanism" (unpublished TS)Undated

nam_ger022-3.1_37

363"Adam Smith's System of Equilibrium Growth" (published)Undated
Quantity: 0.30 cubic ft. (about 0.30 boxes)
This sub-series consists of notes for lectures that Lowe delivered at various academic institutions and before various community groups. Some of these speeches were given before the New School's Study Group on Germany (1942-43) and its General Seminar, an interdisciplinary forum at which faculty members discussed their work.
Arranged chronologically.
BoxFolderContentsDate

nam_ger022-3.2_1

41"The Future of English Democracy and the Jews" (unpublished MS)1932

nam_ger022-3.2_2

42"Der Sozialismus ist heute . . . !" (unpublished MS)1933

nam_ger022-3.2_3

43"Sind die Denken andersartig?" (unpublished MS)ca. 1935

nam_ger022-3.2_4

44"The University in the Modern World" (unpublished MS)1938

nam_ger022-3.2_5

45"Democracy and Freedom" (unpublished MS)1939

nam_ger022-3.2_6

46"What Is It All About?" 1940

(unpublished manuscript) and clipping

nam_ger022-3.2_7

47"National Council of Women" (unpublished MS)ca. 1940

nam_ger022-3.2_8

48"Self-Help" (unpublished MS)1942

nam_ger022-3.2_9

49"Characteristic Facts and Events Relating to German History before 1500" (unpublished MS)1942

nam_ger022-3.2_10

410"Sind die Denken andersartig?" (unpublished MS)1942

nam_ger022-3.2_11

411"Higher Education in U.S". (unpublished MS)1944

nam_ger022-3.2_12

412"Economic Planning and Common Sense" (unpublished MS)1945

nam_ger022-3.2_13

413"What Can We Do? [1]" (unpublished MS)1946

nam_ger022-3.2_14

414"What Can We Do? [2]" (unpublished MS)1946

nam_ger022-3.2_15

415"Integration in the Social Sciences?" (unpublished MS)1950

nam_ger022-3.2_16

416"America's Problem in the World Today: What It Is" (unpublished TS)1952

nam_ger022-3.2_17

417"America's Problem in the World Today: What It Should Be" (unpublished TS)1952

nam_ger022-3.2_18

418"Europe Revisited" (unpublished MS)1952

nam_ger022-3.2_19

419"Europe in the Old Order of World Affairs" (unpublished MS)1952

nam_ger022-3.2_20

420"The Meaning of the Contemporary Crisis" (unpublished MS)1952

nam_ger022-3.2_21

421"The Next Step" (unpublished MS)1952

nam_ger022-3.2_22

422"Cooperation in the Social Sciences?" (unpublished MS)1953

nam_ger022-3.2_23

423"Cooperation in the Social Sciences?" (unpublished TS)1955

nam_ger022-3.2_24

424"Prediction in Economics" (unpublished TS)1958

nam_ger022-3.2_25

425"Zur Ortsbestimmung der Gegenwart" (unpublished TS)1983
Quantity: 0.25 cubic ft. (about 0.25 boxes)
This series contains Lowe's notes on various subjects. Some are simple reading notes or chronological outlines, but most of the notes comprise a detailed intellectual diary that Lowe maintained for more than twenty-five years. These notes, which document Lowe's efforts to refine his ideas about human freedom, state planning, and technological change and were apparently created in preparation for the writing of Has Freedom a Future?, also record his conversations with colleagues and difficulties in writing the book.
Arranged chronologically.
BoxFolderContentsDate

nam_ger022-4_1

426"SILS"1964-1986

nam_ger022-4_2

427"Ruminations on a New Book"1965

nam_ger022-4_3

428"Explorations"1965-1967

nam_ger022-4_4

429"Credo-Notes"1966

nam_ger022-4_5

430"Notes on 'Ought'"1966

nam_ger022-4_6

431Notes on the Jonas Letter1966-1979

nam_ger022-4_7

432"The Year 2000"1968

nam_ger022-4_8

433"Atlas"1969-1976

nam_ger022-4_9

434"Political Economics"1974-1976

nam_ger022-4_10

435"History of H-Bomb" (c.1975) and "My Dear Paul" (1943; revised 1987)ca. 1975-1987

nam_ger022-4_11

436"Prometheus"1976-1979

nam_ger022-4_12

437"Prometheus [Continued]"1980-1983

nam_ger022-4_13

438"Some Comments on 'Generalrevision'"1983-1984

nam_ger022-4_14

439Unidentified Notes1978

nam_ger022-4_15

440Notes on various subjects, probably for Has Freedom a Future?ca. 1980

nam_ger022-4_16

441"Deutsche Skizze"ca. 1980

nam_ger022-4_17

442"Interview"1987-1988

nam_ger022-4_18

443"An Attempt at Clarification"1987-1988

nam_ger022-4_19

444"New Book"1988

nam_ger022-4_20

445"Free Association"1990

nam_ger022-4_21

446"Free Association [continued]"1990

nam_ger022-4_22

447"Comments on the 'Kiel School'"Undated

nam_ger022-4_23

448"Sehr Geerhter Becknaa" and "Main Point"Undated
Quantity: 0.60 cubic ft. (about 0.60 boxes)
This series contains materials that Lowe created and maintained in connection with his teaching activities at the University of Kiel, the University of Frankfurt, Manchester University, and the New School for Social Research. Lecture notes generated while Lowe was at Manchester (among them a few lectures for the Worker's Educational Association) and the New School predominate. Also included are an outline for a political theory course he taught at the University of Kiel (1930), the syllabus (1951) for his "Theory of Capitalism" course at the New School, and reading notes he used in preparing various lectures.
Arranged chronologically.
BoxFolderContentsDate

nam_ger022-5_1

449Seminar Notes on Political Theory ca. 1925-1933

(unpublished typescript and manuscript)

nam_ger022-5_2

450Summary Outline of Theoretical Seminar (unpublished TS)1930

nam_ger022-5_3

451Lectures and Notes on Political Economics ca. 1935-1966

(unpublished typescript and manuscript)

nam_ger022-5_4

452"The Spirit of Citizenship" (unpublished MS)1937

nam_ger022-5_5

453"The Gist of English Democracy" (unpublished MS)1938

nam_ger022-5_6

454"Essay Class: Modern Political Thought" (unpublished MS)1939

nam_ger022-5_7

455" A German Looks at Baldwin" (unpublished MS)1939

nam_ger022-5_8

456"The Social Foundations of English Liberty" (unpublished MS)1939

nam_ger022-5_9

457"Faschism [sic]" (unpublished MS)1939

nam_ger022-5_10

458"War Aims" (unpublished MS)1939

nam_ger022-5_11

459"Our Attitude to Germany" (unpublished MS)1940

nam_ger022-5_12

460"The Reform of Germany" (unpublished MS)1940

nam_ger022-5_13

461"Social Transformation and the War" (unpublished MS)1940

nam_ger022-5_14

462Lecture on War Aims (unpublished MS)1940?

nam_ger022-5_15

463"The National and Constitutional Problem in circa 17 Germany" (unpublished MS)ca. 1940

nam_ger022-5_16

464"German Attitude Toward Classical Economics" (unpublished MS)ca. 1940

nam_ger022-5_17

465Lectures on English Reform and Napoleon (unpublished MS)ca. 1940

nam_ger022-5_18

466"On Freedom" (unpublished MS)ca. 1940

nam_ger022-5_19

467"Age of Reform" (unpublished MS)ca. 1940

nam_ger022-5_20

468"Prussia in C[entury] 18" (unpublished MS)ca. 1940

nam_ger022-5_21

469"Pro National Government!" (unpublished MS)ca. 1940

nam_ger022-5_22

470"The Lesson of the Ab[yssinian] Dispute" (unpublished MS)ca. 1940

nam_ger022-5_23

471"Problem und Wirtschaftstheorie" (unpublished MS)ca. 1940

nam_ger022-5_24

472"Romantic Movement [1]" (unpublished MS)ca. 1940

nam_ger022-5_25

473"Romantik" (unpublished MS)ca. 1940

nam_ger022-5_26

474"Main Points in German Romanticism" (unpublished MS)ca. 1940

nam_ger022-5_27

475"Romantic Movement [2]" (unpublished MS)ca. 1940

nam_ger022-5_28

476"Goethe" (unpublished MS)ca. 1940

nam_ger022-5_29

477"Material for Paper on Locke-Kant" (unpublished MS)ca. 1940

nam_ger022-5_30

478"Locke-Kant" (unpublished MS)ca. 1940

nam_ger022-5_31

479"German Literature of C[entury] 17" (unpublished MS)ca. 1940

nam_ger022-5_32

480"Hillmann[?] --Discussion" (unpublished MS)ca. 1940

nam_ger022-5_33

481"I.S.S. --Paper" (unpublished MS)ca. 1940

nam_ger022-5_34

482Notes on various readings ca. 1940

(unpublished manuscript)

nam_ger022-5_35

483Untitled Notes on a Paper ca. 1940

(unpublished manuscript)

nam_ger022-5_36

484"General Agenda for Seminar IV" (unpublished MS)ca. 1940

nam_ger022-5_37

485"The Rise of Agrarian Capitalism" (unpublished MS)ca. 1940

nam_ger022-5_38

486"Discussion Knights" (unpublished MS)ca. 1940

nam_ger022-5_39

487"Summary for the Paper on 'Reformation'" (unpublished MS)ca. 1940

nam_ger022-5_40

488"Summary (Reformation)" (unpublished MS)ca. 1940

nam_ger022-5_41

489"Geography Paper from Dunlop" (unpublished MS)ca. 1940

nam_ger022-5_42

490"Race" (unpublished MS)ca. 1940

nam_ger022-5_43

491"Seminar III: Oldfield" (unpublished MS)ca. 1940

nam_ger022-5_44

492"Seminar --Introduction" (unpublished MS)ca. 1940

nam_ger022-5_45

493"The German Idea of Freedom" (unpublished MS)ca. 1940

nam_ger022-5_46

494"The Spirit of English Democracy" (unpublished MS)ca. 1940

nam_ger022-5_47

495"The New Problem of the English Intelligentsia" (unpublished MS)ca. 1940

nam_ger022-5_48

496"British War Economy" (unpublished MS)1941

nam_ger022-5_49

497"Economic Controls and Political Power" (unpublished MS)1941

nam_ger022-5_50

498Lectures and Notes on Classical and Modern Theories of Economic Growth 1947-1960

(unpublished typescript and manuscript)

nam_ger022-5_51

499Course Syllabus, "Theory of Capitalism" (unpublished TS)1951

nam_ger022-5_52

4100Lectures and Notes on World Economics ca. 1955

(unpublished manuscript)

nam_ger022-5_53

4101Lectures and Notes on Value, Clark, Hicks, Walras, and Marx ca. 1970-1981

(unpublished typescript and manuscript)

nam_ger022-5_54

51Lectures and Notes on Ricardo1971-1975

nam_ger022-5_55

52"On the Theory of Value" (unpublished TS)1971

nam_ger022-5_56

53Untitled Lecture 1973

(unpublished typescripts) and Notes (unpublished manuscripts).

nam_ger022-5_57

54Untitled Lecture on Marx (unpublished TS)ca. 1975

nam_ger022-5_58

55Untitled Lecture on Marx (unpublished TS), and Flierca. 1975

nam_ger022-5_59

56"'Generalization' of Political Economics" (unpublished TS)ca. 1975
Quantity: 0.45 cubic ft. (about 0.45 boxes)
This series consists of published and unpublished articles, clippings, and other documents that Lowe gathered in connection with his academic research. Many of these materials consist of critical analyses of his work and were presented to him by colleagues. Others were written by faculty members at the New School for Social Research, among them Robert Heilbroner, Hans Jonas, Anwar Shaikh, and Hans Staudinger. Also included is a copy of Claus-Dieter Krohn's intellectual biography of Lowe, Der Philosophische Ökonom. Krohn, who was in possession of the materials in this collection at the time of Lowe's death, may have added the book to the collection.
Arranged chronologically.
BoxFolderContentsDate

nam_ger022-6_1

57Amendola, "The Path to a Dynamic Analysis of the 'Traverse': A. Lowe and J.R. Hicks" (unpublished TS)ca. 1980

nam_ger022-6_2

58Burnshaw, "Mirages: Travel Notes in the Promised Land" ca. 1975

(unpublished typescript)

nam_ger022-6_3

59Chase, "Vision, Theory Debate and the Development of Mainstream Economics" (published)1981

nam_ger022-6_4

510Feldman, "Wirtschafts- und socialpolitische Probleme der Deutschen Demobilmachtung 1918/19" (published)1974

nam_ger022-6_5

511Haass, "Adolph Lowes Vison des Wohlfahrtsstaates..." (published[?])1990

nam_ger022-6_6

512Hacking, "Winner Take Less" (published)1984

nam_ger022-6_7

513Hagemann and Jeck, "Lowe and the Marx-Feldman-Dobb Model..." (published)1984

nam_ger022-6_8

514Hagemann and Kurz, "Balancing Freedom and Order: on Adolph Lowe's Political Economics" (unpublished TS)ca. 1990

nam_ger022-6_9

515Harvey, "Professor Lowe and His Critique of Marx" (unpublished TS)ca. 1975

nam_ger022-6_10

516Heilbroner, "Modern Economics as a Chapter in the History of Economic Thought" (unpublished TS)ca. 1970

nam_ger022-6_11

517Jaszi, "Notes on Adolph Lowe: Toward a Science of Political Economics" 1968

(unpublished typescript)

nam_ger022-6_12

518Jonas, H., "Life, Death, and the Body in the Theory of Being" (published)1965

nam_ger022-6_13

519Jonas, H., "Philosophical Reflections on Experimenting with Human Subjects (unpublished TS) and "Contemporary Problems in Science and Ethics" (published)ca. 1970

nam_ger022-6_14

520Jonas, H., "Philosophical Reflections on Experimenting with Human Subjects" (published)1969

nam_ger022-6_15

521Jonas, H., "Against the Stream" (unpublished TS)1970

nam_ger022-6_16

522Jonas, H., "Das Problem des Lebens und des Liebes in der Lehre von Sein" (published)ca. 1970

nam_ger022-6_17

523Jonas, H., "Philosophical Aspects of Technology" (unpublished TS)ca. 1975

nam_ger022-6_18

524Jonas, H., "On the Power or Impotence of Subjectivity" (published)1976

nam_ger022-6_19

525Jonas, H., "Impotence or Power of Subjectivity" Postscript" (unpublished TS)1977

nam_ger022-6_20

526Jonas, H., "The Concept of Responsibility: An Inquiry..." (published)1977

nam_ger022-6_21

527Jonas, H., "Straddling the Boundaries of Theory and Practice: Recombinant DNA Research..." (published)1978

nam_ger022-6_22

528Jonas, H., "Reflections on Technology, Progress, and Utopia" (published)1981

nam_ger022-6_23

529Jonas, H., "Der Gottesbegriff nach Auschwitz" (unpublished TS)ca. 1985

nam_ger022-6_24

530Jonas, H., "Werkzeug, Bild, und Grab vom Transanimalischen in Menschen" (unpublished TS)1985

nam_ger022-6_25

531Jonas, H., "Geist, Natur, und Schöpfung" (unpublished TS)ca. 1985

nam_ger022-6_26

532Jonas, H., "Rechte, Recht, und Ethik" (unpublished TS)1986

nam_ger022-6_27

533Jonas, H., "The Burden and Blessing of Mortality" (unpublished TS)1991

nam_ger022-6_28

534Jonas, L. "Mein Vater Siegfried Weiner (1886-1963)" (published)1989

nam_ger022-6_29

535Krohn, Der Philosophische Ökonom (published)1996

nam_ger022-6_30

536Lissner, "Adolph Lowe's Methodological Alternative for Economic Research and Policy" (published)1981

nam_ger022-6_31

537Lüdke, "Phönix, Asche und Scheiterhaufen der zerfall der Frankfurter Schule" (published)1977

nam_ger022-6_32

538Magnan de Bornier, "Le Modèle à Trois Secteurs de Lowe" (published)1980

nam_ger022-6_33

539Neisser, "Equilibrium Dynamics, Behavior Dynamics, Stability of Movement" (published)1961

nam_ger022-6_34

540Schwartzmann, "Competition and Efficiency" (unpublished TS)1972

nam_ger022-6_35

541Shaikh, "Relative Prices and Inter-Industrial Relations" (unpublished TS)1976

nam_ger022-6_36

542Simon, "Invention and Cost Reduction in Technological Change" (unpublished TS)ca. 1970

nam_ger022-6_37

543Staudinger, Untitled Essay (unpublished TS)1978

nam_ger022-6_38

544Vickers, "Purpose and Force; The Bases of Order" (published)1940

nam_ger022-6_39

545Vickers, "Incomes and Earnings --A Steady State?" (published)ca. 1960

nam_ger022-6_40

546Vickers, "The Management of Conflict" (published)1972

nam_ger022-6_41

547Vickers, "Towards a More Stable State" (published)1972

nam_ger022-6_42

548Vickers, Copies of Vickers-Simon Correspondence (unpublished TS)1973

nam_ger022-6_43

549Vickers, "Whither the Mixed Economy?" (published)1973

nam_ger022-6_44

550Vickers, "Some Implications of Systems Thinking" (unpublished TS)1978

nam_ger022-6_45

551Vickers, "The Poverty of Problem-Solving" (unpublished TS)1980

nam_ger022-6_46

552Vickers, "Autonomous Yet Responsible?" (unpublished TS)Undated

nam_ger022-6_47

553Vickers, "The Weakness of Western Culture" (unpublished TS)Undated

nam_ger022-6_48

554Wade, "E.F. Schumacher, Cutting Technology Down to Size" (published)1975

nam_ger022-6_49

555Unidentified author, "Das Materialismus: Seine Geschichte und Substanz" (unpublished TS)ca. 1975

nam_ger022-6_50

556Unidentified author, Chapters of a Dissertation on Marx (unpublished TS)1976

nam_ger022-6_51

557Unidentified author, "Parallelism and Complementarity: Spinoza's Solution ..." (unpublished TS)Undated

nam_ger022-6_52

558Unidentified author, Untitled Fragment (unpublished TS)Undated
Quantity: 0.40 cubic ft. (about 0.40 boxes)
This series consists of materials that document Lowe's professional activities. Included are minutes of several academic conferences in which he took part, minutes of the New School's Study Group on Germany (1943), clippings and correspondence concerning his receipt of various awards and honors, contracts with publishers, reviews of and advertisements for his books, assorted publications of the New School for Social Research, and a 1988 interview published in Die Zeit, a leading German newspaper.
Arranged chronologically.
BoxFolderContentsDate

nam_ger022-7_1

559Ministry of War Documents (Copies made by Gerald Feldman)1918-1919

nam_ger022-7_2

560Conference Minutes, Abteilung für Weltwirtschaftskunde und internationale Konjuncturforschung (unpublished TS)1926

nam_ger022-7_3

561"Abschiedsworte des Dekans an den scheidenden Kollegen Löwe..." (unpublished TS)1931

nam_ger022-7_4

562Reviews, etc., for Economics and Sociology1935-1936

nam_ger022-7_5

563Minutes, New School Study Group on Germany1942-1943

nam_ger022-7_6

564New School for Social Research Publications and Clippings1959-1987

nam_ger022-7_7

565Publishing Contracts1963-1989

nam_ger022-7_8

566Reviews, Announcements, Etc., for On Economic Knowledge1965-1970

nam_ger022-7_9

567Review of Heilbroner, Economic Means and Social Endsca. 1970

nam_ger022-7_10

568Adolph Lowe Institute for Economic Research1978-1995

nam_ger022-7_11

569Veblen-Commons Award1979-1980

nam_ger022-7_12

570Fiftieth Anniversary of University in Exile; Grosse Bundesverdienstkreuz1984

nam_ger022-7_13

571New School Observer1984-1989

nam_ger022-7_14

572Die Zeit Interview1988

nam_ger022-7_15

573Reviews, etc., for Has Freedom a Future?1989