1400 Washington AveAlbanyNY
1400 Washington AveAlbanyNY

Alfred C. Oppler Papers

1908-1982

PDF Version

Abstract

Diary, 1950; correspondence, 1942–1981; and manuscripts of books (including "Prussian Bureaucracy and National Socialism"), lectures, and reports, 1947–1959. As a civilian employee of the U.S. Army from 1946 to 1952, Oppler was the principal architect of legal and judicial reforms in occupied Japan.

Summary

Creator:
Oppler, Alfred C. (Alfred Christian), 1893-1982.
Date Coverage:
1908-1982
Quantity:
2.75 cubic ft.

Alfred Christian Oppler was born in Alsace-Lorraine (then part of Germany) on February 19, 1893. His father, a judge, and mother were Jewish converts to Christianity, and he was raised a Protestant. He attended a Gymnasium and then studied law at universities in Munich, Freiburg, Berlin, and Strasbourg. He served in the German Army from 1914-18, saw combat at Ypres and Verdun, and rose to the rank of lieutenant. While on leave in 1915, he passed the first of two examinations required for admission to the German bar.

After the First World War ended, Alsace-Lorraine became French territory. Oppler's family was among the many ethnic German households forced out of the area. The family moved to Berlin, where Oppler completed the second examination required for admission to the German bar and practiced law for a short period of time. In 1922, he became an assistant judge with the German Ministry of Justice. In 1923, he was transferred to the Ministry of Finance, where for the next four years he served as legal advisor to the officials charged with brokering a financial settlement between the German government and the dethroned Hohenzollern family. He married Charlotte Preuss, a teacher and Berlin University graduate student, in 1927; their only child, Ellen, became an art historian at Syracuse University.

Between 1927 and 1930, Oppler worked as a research assistant at the Prussian Supreme Administrative Court (Oberwaltungsgericht). He then served for a year as a superior counselor (Oberiegierungrat) of the regional government at Potsdam. In 1931, he was appointed associate justice of the Supreme Administrative Court (Oberverwaltungsgericht); thirty-eight years old at the time of his appointment, he was the youngest person ever to hold the position. A year later, he became vice president of the Supreme Disciplinary Court (Dienststafhof). After the rise to power of Adolf Hitler, his career suffered. In 1933, he was demoted to a provincial position in Cologne. Defined as a Jew under the provisions of the 1935 Nuremberg Laws, he was cast out of the civil service. After Kristallnacht (November 9, 1938), he and his wife, who was defined as "Aryan", decided to emigrate to the United States. Oppler, whose birth in Alsace-Lorraine enabled him to come to the United States under the French immigration quota, was able to leave in March 1939 and settled with relatives in Brookline, Massachusetts. His wife and daughter followed several months later.

The Opplers settled in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Charlotte Preuss Oppler received an M.A. in education from Harvard in 1943. Alfred Oppler taught German at a Berlitz school and between 1940 and 1944 worked as a Harvard University research assistant and instructor. In 1944, he took a post with the Foreign Economic Administration in Washington, D.C.; the agency's functions were transferred to the War Department after V-J Day, and Oppler spent a few months working for the department.

In early 1945 Alfred and Charlotte Preuss Oppler became United States citizens. Later that year, Alfred Oppler was asked to join the Far Eastern Division of the Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers (SCAP). Upon his arrival in early 1946, he was assigned to the Governmental Powers Branch of the Government Section and had a minor role in the drafting of Japan's new constitution. In early 1947, he was made head of the newly formed Courts and Law Division, which was transferred to the Legal Section on June 1, 1948. In this capacity, he cultivated ties to Chief Justice of the Supreme Court Tanaka Kotaro and other prominent Japanese jurists and played a key part in reforming Japan's judicial system and civil law codes. An ardent civil libertarian, he also helped to establish the Japan Civil Liberties Union.

The SCAP was dissolved in April 1952, when the Allied Powers' peace treaty with Japan went into effect, but Oppler remained with the G-5 (later J-5) unit within the Far East Command (FEC). He served as chief of the Political and Legal Section within the Governmental Affairs Branch. The FEC was disbanded in 1957, but Oppler joined the newly-created United States Forces Japan (USFJ) and served as its International Relations Officer; according to his memoirs, he spent much of his time with the FEC and the USFJ drafting reports analyzing political developments in Japan, the Ryukyu Islands, and Korea.

Oppler retired to the United States in 1959 but remained actively interested in Japanese law, politics, and society. He attended numerous academic conferences dedicated to the study of Asian law, wrote several articles on the Japanese legal system, and in the 1970s wrote a memoir, Legal Reform in Occupied Japan: A Participant Looks Back. He spoke repeatedly about Japanese-United States relations, delivering his last public address a week before his death on April 24, 1982. He also remained committed to the defense of civil liberties and outspokenly supported numerous liberal political causes, among them passage of the Equal Rights Amendment, abolition of the death penalty, and legalized abortion. 1893: Alfred Christian Oppler is born to a middle-class family in Alsace-Lorraine, then part of Germany.

Chronology of Events :
1914 Oppler breaks off his legal studies and enlists in the German Army. He sees combat at Ypres, Verdun, and other places and rises to the rank of lieutenant.
1915While on leave, Oppler passes the first of two examinations required for admission to the German bar.
1918 Forced out of Alsace-Lorraine, Oppler's family settles in Berlin.
1918-22 Oppler completes his legal studies, serves his three-year term as a judicial apprentice (Referendar).
1922Oppler passes the second examination (Assessor) required for admission to the German bar. He practices law for a brief period of time and then accepts a position with the German Ministry of Justice.
1924-27On behalf of the Ministry of Finance, Oppler works as legal advisor on the financial settlement between the German government and the dethroned Hohenzollern family.
1927 Oppler marries teacher and graduate student Charlotte Preuss.
1927-30Oppler works as a research assistant at the Prussian Supreme Administrative Court (Oberwaltungsgericht).
1930-31Oppler serves as superior counselor of the regional government (Regierung) in Potsdam.
1931 Oppler becomes an associate justice of the Supreme Administrative Court (Oberverwaltungsgericht).
1932 Oppler becomes vice-president of the Supreme Disciplinary Court (Dienststafhof). He continues to serve as associate justice of the Supreme Administrative Court.
1933Owing to his Jewish ancestry, Oppler is demoted to a provincial position in Cologne. (The National Socialist government purged the German civil service of most people it defined as Jewish, but until 1935 it made exceptions for Oppler and other combat veterans of the First World War.)
1935In accordance with the Nuremberg Laws, Oppler is removed from the civil service.
1939 Oppler emigrates to the United States in March 1939; his wife and daughter follow several months later.
1940-44 Oppler works as a Harvard University research assistant and as instructor at its School for Overseas Administration.
1944 Oppler takes a position with the U.S. Foreign Economic Administration in Washington, D.C.
1945 Oppler becomes a United States citizen. In late summer, the Foreign Economic Administration is merged with the War Department, for which Oppler works for several months.
1946 Oppler arrives in Tokyo in January and is assigned to the Government Section of the Far Eastern Division of the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP).
1947 Oppler becomes head of the newly established Courts and Legal Division.
1950 Oppler leads a delegation of Japanese Supreme Court Justices on a tour of the United States.
1952 The occupation of Japan ends in April and the SCAP is dissolved. Oppler joins the G-5 (later J-5) newly established Far Eastern Command (FEC) and becomes chief of the Political and Legal Section within the Governmental Affairs Branch.
1957 The FEC is dissolved and Oppler becomes International Affairs Officer for the newly established United States Forces Japan.
1959 Oppler retires and returns to the United States, settling in Hightstown, New Jersey.
1972 Oppler begins work on his memoirs of his experiences in Japan.
1976 Legal Reform in Occupied Japan: A Participant Looks Back is published.
1982Oppler suffers a fatal heart attack one week after giving a speech on Japanese-United States relations.

This collection consists of professional correspondence, legal and scholarly writings, and research materials that Alfred C. Oppler created or collected while living and working in the United States and Japan. It best documents his work as a Harvard University research assistant and instructor and his activities as a civilian legal expert attached to the Far Eastern Division of the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (1946-1952), the Far Eastern Command (1952-1957), and the United States Forces Japan (1957-1959). Scholars interested in the occupation of Japan, the Japanese legal system, and the security agreements between the governments of Japan and the United States may find the collection to be of considerable value. Researchers may also be interested in Oppler's unpublished notes generated by a committee of scholars funded by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and charged with planning the postwar reconstruction of Germany.

The collection contains scant documentation of Oppler's career as a jurist in Weimar Germany. As were many other Germans defined as Jewish under the terms of the Nuremberg Law, he was compelled to leave behind most of his belongings when he left the country. Consequently, the only documents in the collection that shed light upon his life and work in Germany are the unpublished autobiographical essays he wrote after his arrival in the United States. Additional information about Oppler's life and work in Germany is contained in the introductory chapter of his memoir, Legal Reform in Occupied Japan: A Participant Looks Back (Princeton University Press, 1976); however, the collection contains only a few typescript passages that did not appear in the published version of the book.

Apart from a photocopy of a volume of poems written by Oppler's father and a small amount of correspondence with, newspaper clippings annotated by, and materials pertaining to the professional activities of Oppler's daughter Ellen, the collection also lacks information about Oppler's family life.

Oppler corresponded with a number of prominent people, among them Lieutenant General Paul Caraway (September 25, 1974, in the Legal Reform in Occupied Japan series), United States Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas (October 23, 1974, in the Legal Reform in Occupied Japan series), political scientist Ernst Fraenkel (January 16, 1943-April 27, 1943, in the Harvard University Series) and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Lyman L. Lemnitzer (September 22, 1960, in the Miscellaneous Writings series). Thomas Blakemore, Kurt Steiner, and Justin Williams, all of whom worked with Oppler in Japan, were Oppler's most frequent correspondents. One highlight is a ca. 1950 collection of statistics on occupied Japan published by the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers.

All newsprint materials in the collection, including several published by the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers, have been photocopied for preservation purposes. Users should be aware that Oppler segregated almost all correspondence generated while working with the SCAP and the FEC and while writing Legal Reform in Occupied Japan and entries for The Encyclopedia of Japan and kept it with other papers pertaining to these activities. This arrangement has been preserved.

The collection is organized as follows:

The materials in this collection were donated to the M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives by Ellen C. Oppler in 1982. Correspondence between Oppler and Walther Buchholz was added to the collection by Gregory Lubkin in 2006.

Processed by: Bonita L. Weddle, July 1, 1999; revised by Sandra Hunt Hawrylchak, October 2005

Collection record created by: This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on

Published: 2017-04-14 12:03:17 -0400

EAD file created, 2014

Encoded in EAD by Conversion and encoding by ArchProteus, 2015

Archival materials can be view in-person during business hours in our reading room, located on the top floor of the Science Library on the Uptown Campus.

We can also deliver digital scans for remote research for a fee.

Access to this record group is unrestricted.

Copyright Statement

The researcher assumes full responsibility for conforming with the laws of copyright. Whenever possible, the M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives will provide information about copyright owners and other restrictions, but the legal determination ultimately rests with the researcher. Requests for permission to publish material from this collection should be discussed with the Head of Special Collections and Archives.

Preferred citation for this material is as follows:

Identification of specific item, series, box, folder, Alfred C. Oppler Papers, 1908-1982. M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives, University Libraries, University at Albany, State University of New York (hereafter referred to as [shortened name]).

Contents of Collection

Quantity: 0.05 cubic ft.

This series contains materials that shed light upon Oppler's personal and professional life. Included are a photocopy of a book of poems authored by Oppler's father Leo, photographs, and photocopies of his published obituaries. Also included are a handful of materials documenting his daughter Ellen's career as an art historian.

Arranged chronologically.

BoxFolderContentsDate

2e6a551aed95245258518e0eebdd0c6f

1 1Leo Oppler (Father of Alfred Oppler), Gedichteca. 1908

5c011e0b86b66fb61e76cd93af11f4ea

1 2Unidentified Photograph1940

045142a04d4584174ea5173c9afed9d2

1 3Photograph of Alfred Oppler1975

9ba12d4216ce42f055dd0e5cca390ef4

1 4Professional Activities of Ellen Oppler 1977
More Details

Contains material housed in flat file.

7d9a53f1367e251ab349b3695c6d892f

1 5Memorial Service Program and Obituaries 1982
More Details

Contains material housed in oversized folder.

797c67557b6a83f3e45bff410e366108

1.6: Oversized material
Oversized 55    

68a7d9dad829ddcb074dd32d09808489

  Memorial Service Program and Obituaries
1982
Oversized 54    

abfc9811b0a00d33a40a77c428d8a417

  Harvard University
ca. 1940-1944
    

318be2bcb12ea2bb37dc711e587b55fa

  Professional Activities of Ellen Oppler
1977
Quantity: 0.60 cubic ft.

This series contains published and unpublished writings, research and lecture notes, and research materials generated or collected while Oppler was a research assistant (1940-44) and instructor at the School for Overseas Administration (1941-44).

Arranged chronologically within subseries.

Quantity: 0.30 cubic ft.

This subseries contains typescript and published articles, essays, and lecture notes. Of note are correspondence with social scientist Ernst Fraenkel, a ca. 1941 autobiographical essay entitled "Mein Leben in Deutschland vor und nach dem 30. December 1933", typescript and published versions of "Ethics in Public Administration and Individual Ethics", and "Prussian Bureaucracy and National Socialism", a lengthy and unpublished analysis of the Prussian civil service in Imperial, Weimar, and Nazi Germany.

BoxFolderContentsDate

f9f1343670411920a65f0c226cfdb38f

1 6"A Contribution to the Problem of Service Ethics" (unpublished)1941

b679e1af4ab3bb554eac35426dde4a43

1 7"German Civil Service Before Hitler and After" (published)1941

1a4fafbfdfb184721a2ebadd06a1ef0d

1 8"Ein Beitrag zum Problem der Berufsethik im Beamentum" (unpublished)ca. 1941

3de8c6fc4f2150c8b2b37bdc1abc64ff

1 9"Mein Leben in Deutschland vor und nach dem 30. Januar 1933" (unpublished)ca. 1941?

665f1d601c5fceb5364e167d43b4c3fa

1 10"Ethics in Public Administration and Individual Ethics" (unpublished)1942

380febc6090ab37ad2adb7941eb7cfa8

1 11"Ethics in Public Administration and Individual Ethics" (published)1942

0c7ef92d1647049c15fcefe996247b7d

1 12"Prussian Bureaucracy and National Socialism" (unpublished)ca. 1942

04c40bd247402e97d0386caae9764fec

1 13"Bemerkungen zu dem ersten Entwurf des Gutachens" (unpublished)1943

1eac7c2730b072d3a0f8d2ae6547e115

1 14"And the German Refugees" (unpublished)ca. 1943

2e34e49f3d2b0f962b33a3ceb4620cbb

1 15"Remarks on the Outline Concerning the Future Study of International Relations at Harvard" (unpublished)ca. 1943

2abd21b372066575d86c38dcb825865e

1 16Memo to Professor Merle Fainsod and Notes for Lectures (unpublished)1943-ca. 1944

8d5d55e73d3e6858ccb19107ea506373

1 17Notes for First Lecture, School for Overseas Administrationca. 1944
Quantity: 0.25 cubic ft.

The class notes and syllabi in this subseries were generated in connection with several courses in public administration that Oppler took, but most of the materials in this subseries consist of reading notes taken while he was researching "Prussian Bureaucracy and National Socialism". Oppler housed his research notes in sequentially numbered three-ring binders. This order was preserved and folder notations indicate the notebook in which each group of documents was placed; in several instances, loose documents produced at a later date were removed and placed in the Writings or Research Materials subseries.

BoxFolderContentsDate

d7e553c6733a8e6e42ef86dbe2787499

2 1Syllabi, Background Materials, and Lecture and Reading Notesca. 1940-1941

434711cfcc34cca9531c4a807e41a087

2 2Notes on German Literature and History (Notebook I)ca. 1942

a131cf22bc3caeadea9ffd25aec994fd

2 3Notes on the Legal Status of Liberated Franceca. 1944

09ac068d7c675b2fca9a34014ca8d442

2 4Notes on Feudalism (Notebook I)ca. 1942

88305572c1e9a5470af681789b615299

2 5Notes on Prussian History (Notebook I)ca. 1942

59a4228b88109a9a5fcab9e722e44fac

2 6Notes on the German Civil Service Before 1918 (Notebook I)ca. 1942

25692fb90760670d466e5f83c45e3eaf

2 7Notes on the Civil Service in the Weimar Republic (Notebook I)ca. 1942

869b8fde6437ded6682c685c68f0ab0a

2 8Unsorted Notes on German History and Government (Notebook II) ca. 1942
More Details

Contains material housed in oversized folder.

5e78291c880bf9bcf4aaaea819e9e738

2 9Notes on German Literature (Notebook II)ca. 1942

279299c6f7c68b04d575603b9391300a

2 10Notes on National Socialism "In General" (Notebook II)ca. 1942

f502028edd95bce84961bfd21cc12504

2 11Notes on Nazi Bureaucracy (Notebook II)ca. 1942

8217b109626d5ae504599318f2c8b449

2 12Notes on Civil Service in Various Countries (Notebook II)ca. 1942
Quantity: 0.05 cubic ft.

This subseries contains mimeographed articles distributed by the School for Overseas Administration, a 1942 pamphlet published by the International Rescue and Relief Committee, and unpublished materials generated by a Carnegie Endowment-supported committee charged with planning Germany's political reconstruction; Oppler may have been a member of the committee, but the extent of his involvement is unclear.

BoxFolderContentsDate

d23dce279788f76ce8c771792b0de3b2

2 13International Rescue and Relief Committee, Two Years Against the Gestapo1942

ab75ed8075eac897922ebe0832ff6286

2 14Shartel and Wolff, "Sketch of the German Legal System" (unpublished)1942

b2dfb91e04577f32301f1fa97d721d20

2 15Van der Bruck, "Germany's Third Empire" (unpublished)1943

bcb29caef3563970d1ba3709058acc84

2 16Materials Generated by Carnegie Endowment-Funded Committee on German Disarmamentca. 1943

e839a1742606eb3a30fd312793ad9a78

Oversized 55Unsorted Notes on German History and Government (Notebook II)ca. 1942
Quantity: 0.50 cubic ft.

This series contains reports, memoranda, speeches, articles, photographs, Japanese government documents and other materials that Oppler created or gathered while working for the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP). The earliest items concern the Japanese constitution, which Oppler played a very minor role in drafting. However, the bulk of the series consists of published and unpublished memoranda, reports, meeting minutes, speech notes, photographs, and other materials Oppler created or collected while working as part of the Government Section (1946-47) and as head of the Courts and Law Division (1947-52).

Arranged chronologically within subseries.

BoxFolderContentsDate

d182f3ea56f8bcc1f921d26d4934274a

3 1Cabinet Secretariat, The Constitution of Japanca. 1946

20fe1d064dd34dad6eb8c78d7064c9d4

3 2Copy of Correspondence between Douglas MacArthur and Prime Minister Shigeru Yoshida1946-1947

508039e659046b98dfa7c81f12c04a58

3 3Diet Debates on Proposed Constitution1946-1947

44f2ba35467dd1d806de45460570a8c5

3 4Oppler's Daily Activity Logs1946-1947

1667025519f932bfea333648d4acbed6

3 5Press Analyses of Reactions of Proposed Constitution1947

ee2ed789e2b330fdb0035a5baa394eb9

3 6"Minutes of the Sixth Meeting of the Extraordinary Bill Revision Commission" [copy 1]1947

6a54c3dc4e4eee8fa8d779b6db692a76

3 7"Minutes of the Sixth Meeting of the Extraordinary Bill Revision Commission" [copy 2]1947

a46da7424f7053a8ad8cae00292c5c22

3 8"Minutes of the Conference with Personnel, Government Section, G.H.Q., with regard to . . . Court Organization Law"1947

1da6131165fcdea514a2b5cf45cf81bb

3 9Government Section, Report of Activities1947

656fb33a2d82e5bde54b530818d21289

3 10Oppler, Memoranda Concerning Japanese Legislation1947-1948

b79502d6e2bba2eacb233e77ba636d45

3 11Supreme Court of Japan, Special Data1948

cce28f8034ae363f7d2c6669bd63de65

3 12Supreme Court of Japan, Special Data (Appendix) [copy 1]1948

4acaabc41601cc868789afcd7564b335

3 13Supreme Court of Japan, Special Data (Appendix) [copy 2]1948

e5f4d081c1cf63d3fb136b416e1dcada

3 14Legislative Summaries, Memoranda, and Requests for Legal Opinions1948-1951

225684be23648f4455889cac2a9503c9

3 15Oppler's Awards and Citations 1948-1952
More Details

Contains material housed in flat file.

57931009bcf36dca8b9b3cbf12e63bd1

3 16Oppler, "Far Eastern Section: The Reform of Japan's Legal and Judicial System Under Allied Occupation", Washington Law Review1949

ca1467089a362cc7bfadbe3e20932506

3 17Oppler, "Far Eastern Section: The Reform of Japan's Legal and Judicial System Under Allied Occupation", SCAP reprint1949

af64e410cb2b867839de6e6efe2876d8

3 18Ruling on Impeachment Case Involving Supreme Court Judges1949

d94438e7f895b4781a649af12d9ff853

3 19Oppler, Speech Notes and Press Clippings1949-1951

d9ab5dd7be551c4425c8d16b95c566c0

3 20Newspaper Articles by and about Oppler1949-1951

7d202d7281cac6549fdae80d1a483e31

3 21Diary Concerning Supreme Court Mission to the United States1950

8fef451ccd3fbe02344b62f763edf7e7

3 22Photograph of the Supreme Court Mission1950

358d1a372862f789b7a9aa6ba5c48eed

3 23Family Bureau, General Secretariat, Supreme Court of Japan, The Guide for the Family Courtca. 1950

748ca1e63f8248d2a2af21e952c53d06

3 24GHQ, SCAP, Selected Data on the Occupation of Japanca. 1950

f4e83407e78c23e07959f7f8026a35bc

3 25Japanese Language Worksheetsca. 1950

1699b6d43f1863574adb6e15ed482f0d

3 26Oppler, "Report of the Supreme Court Mission"1951

47d287889867858be94f1a2a5cb9bcfb

3 27Oppler's Engagement Calendar1951

0fcca47268bee6f99071ca2279f35531

3 28Oppler, Daily Activity Reports1951

ac5a0dd4009ca873c7c1702845275136

3 29Oppler, Weekly Work Summaries, Legislation and Justice DivisionUndated

44e661c255e3494efe8d9bb1383b15e4

3 30"Final Briefings Presented to the Supreme Commander . . . Covering Portions of Occupation Duties"1952

b0475b8c85823e1dc14e86a8efd805c1

3 31Photographs of Oppler with Japanese and American Officialsca. 1952?

5da1495b9cf0a4f17d3f5a09bbd7e30a

3 32Unidentified Photograph Taken in Japanca. 1952?

787cfc06e2583a8bd5fb7eda9978fe74

Oppler's Awards and Citations1948-1952
Quantity: 0.075 cubic ft.

This series consists of unpublished notes and opinions, photographs, and other documents Oppler created or collected while working as head of the Political and Legal Section of the Far Eastern Command. Of note is an autographed photograph of General Lyman L. Lemnitzer.

Arranged chronologically.

BoxFolderContentsDate

4305b48352a0c5f6d24c8f4bf299974a

3 33J-5 Briefingca. 1952

63be6d55af46451432fdd0ff91e050ab

3 34Office of Public Information, Republic of Korea, Constitutionca. 1954

943c69bf516ec182344ed111fb82a847

3 35Oppler's Authorization to Visit Germany1955

d24e9279b68f3f2a881d8358b20c4d87

3 36Summary of Article on Foreign Influences on Japanese Law1955

3f115d2d6c52710acd119f3f1badbc2e

3 37Autographed Photograph of Colonel Louis M. Gosorn1955

6da3b60f932b2b670b2cadae2c6e7f7f

3 38Autographed Photograph of General Lyman L. Lemnitzerca. 1955

e903b0c9b94f59b374c0ac765f00dc3c

3 39Oppler's Awards and Citations 1957
More Details

Contains material housed in flat file.

8a730d6033c7efdb38907aa2d2fcf185

Oppler's Awards and Citations1957
Quantity: 0.15 cubic ft.

This series consists of unpublished opinions, memoranda, official documents, photographs, and press summaries that Oppler generated or collected while serving as the International Relations Officer of the United States Forces Japan (USFJ). Of note are Oppler's "Personal Interest File", which contains clippings, USFJ memoranda and reports, and other documents concerning the affairs of Japan, Korea, and the Ryukyu Islands, and his file of clippings and documents concerning the Sunakawa case, which upheld the constitutionality of stationing United States troops in Japan.

Arranged chronologically.

BoxFolderContentsDate

e4dc64786ff4f3b5d6391135c44ef4df

3 40Opinion Concerning Right of Assembly1958

84f11260ddddd86ed20ff2672e0d44e8

3 41Autographed Photograph of Major General Paul Caraway1958

6ddb6ecf9b891cc9da1ba486ae7a46c7

3 42Oppler's "Personal Interest Matter" File1958-1959

be92ec7f918c4a38a10a5583af674db9

3 43Clippings, Press Summaries, and Memoranda Concerning the Sunakawa Case 1959
More Details

Contains material housed in flat file.

086a5d2a0a13d40d475d689078d43027

3 44Oppler's Awards and Citations 1959
More Details

Contains material housed in flat file.

1220057d7458576b3351d3cda8862b12

3 45Inouye, "Historical Record of Federation of Japan Bar Association"1959

6f0cce8629c32eb9cd15dff6f6f1ad3a

3 46"Statement of General Lemnitzer . . . on the United States Land Policy in the Ryukyu Islands"ca. 1959?

e9136eb75f2380b42977090677d69f05

Clippings, Press Summaries, and Memoranda Concerning the Sunakawa Case1959

6b29cf2747bad4ada85eb837e2b01e14

Oppler's Awards and Citations1959
Quantity: 0.15 cubic ft.

This series contains documents generated in connection with Oppler's memoir, Legal Reform in Occupied Japan: A Participant Looks Back (Princeton University Press, 1976), including correspondence, reviews, and readers' notes. Of note are several typescript passages about life in Japan that were excised from the final version and a brief note from Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas (October 23, 1974).

Arranged chronologically.

BoxFolderContentsDate

94749d6a8add769bde63abe07574af02

3 47Autobiographical Passage Not Published in Legal Reformca. 1973

0016103348f30076119324076630317f

3 48Passages Not Published in Legal Reformca. 1973

239f6a65df9b5b842cf90f56f2d7902c

3 49Chapter Not Published in Legal Reformca. 1973

28ab65bdce399ee28ae5c11a0e1583dc

3 50Editorial Guidelines, Jacket Copy, and Addresses of Recipients of Review and Complementary Copiesca. 1973-1976

501c58a6d171bfe0691ef9e8e965bc71

3 51Reviews of and Advertisements for Legal Reform1976-1977
Quantity: 0.075 cubic ft.

This series contains documents generated in connection with Oppler's writing and editorial work for the Encyclopedia of Japan (Kodansha, 1980), among them Oppler's entries on the 1961 Sunakawa Case and the Japan-U.S. Security Treaties, an entry that he helped to content-edit, and an entry written by Kurt Steiner concerning Oppler's work in Japan. Also included are newsletters published by the staff of the Encyclopedia of Japan; the Spring 1979 issue contains a poem that Oppler wrote in praise of the project.

Arranged chronologically.

BoxFolderContentsDate

80d54d386b68bd8e0b76c4ed7f37095b

3 52List of Legal Entries, Style Manual, and Newsletters1978-1980

576e1714c8c5db2a62664430762b4a03

3 53Oppler's Entries on Sunakawa Case and U.S.-Japan Security Treaties1979

8c188e57366bfc57c9dc702317681be4

3 54Entries by Ishimine, Sakai and Sakahara, and Steiner1979
Quantity: 0.40 cubic ft.

This series consists of correspondence, research notes, speech notes, and published and unpublished articles and essays that Oppler produced or gathered after his 1959 retirement and return to the United States.

Arranged chronologically within subseries.

Quantity: 0.05 cubic ft.

This subseries contains correspondence with Thomas Blakemore, Kurt Steiner, Justin Williams, and other people Oppler worked with while in Japan. Other letters concern various interviews with scholars and journalists and various political causes that Oppler supported. Of note is a letter from Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Lyman L. Leminitzer (September 22, 1960). Oppler segregated almost all correspondence generated while working with the SCAP and the FEC and while writing Legal Reform in Occupied Japan and entries for The Encyclopedia of Japan and kept it with other papers pertaining to these activities. This arrangement has been preserved.

BoxFolderContentsDate

1d7b414c2803e443110e5d960e6fec69

4 1SCAP (Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers). General correspondence1949-1951

981344fbd13c987fb5e0df97e047dc37

4 2Alden, Jane1951

82de5dacd8458daa5442dc588506d09d

4 3American Civil Liberties Union 1950-1980
More Details

(including Abortion issues).

7821731194f749eb0913db252ae26183

4 4Ando, Nisuke1969

cc85b6455376dfa554f190287f4e3b91

4 5Arima, Chusabaro (Japan Federation of Bar Associations)1951

c36a08b34f4d277c2cbdb806770d3f6e

4 6Bevis, Howard L. (Ohio State University)1951-1952

b447c1d79be5b48a62f2e1e3bb280211

4 7Blakemore, Thomas L.1976-1979

f168c2579713c1b71750a11d304a6223

4 8Brown, Richard G.1951

06e861c59fcdbd78e1437eb3a3dfa804

4 9Byrne, Brendan T.1978

eca4ebbc4668f617ef3c54017d7f9df8

4 10Caraway, Paul W.1961, 1974

47b7f08282e983663ff525e4da0c146d

4 11Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (Sanford Schwarz)1943

c1ea30ebb9561451b6d65c9cd8e97b4d

4 12Carter, President Jimmy1980

cab5021782638a3646be52d144c4a0a7

4 13City of Norfolk, MacArthur Memorial1976-1977

61be34fb8a8f9a7f2167a520070184eb

4 14Coblenz, William A.1950-1951

fa4d95cf50b2f7e1ab5907a3979901ca

4 15Dach, Joseph1951

ea25758ee8a05b1ec7ed9a4231a7aad3

4 16Dando, Shigemitsu1974, 1979

f8ec105d092e582001131f146904b942

4 17Danelski, David J.1967

ca597bceab2d355fdbe24b66da38873b

4 18David, René1951-1952

329a0e73e7e118fbad50810ffcba809d

4 19Denver Journal of International Law and Policy1979

0a19aa63c2a8f473fac2971e0b5af202

4 20deWetter, Louise1967

a5f3690c1f91b784f817605679fd1636

4 21Douglas, Justice William O.1974

4369f8d9116527e03707ef998089e11b

4 22Ehrenzweig, Albert A.1949, 1967

bcd9922013e78074f2bf9f68f02daff2

4 23Encyclopedia of Japan (Takeshi Kokubo)1978-1981

d5feee3ae83f5e42d174ec855b08f329

4 24Epstein, Fritz T.1950-1951

2aed1733628ef29243fb566a254500b8

4 25Fisher, Adrian S.1950-1951

56815aa0b55620ebe28e93ca360923e9

4 26Foley, Edward H.1950

7d4f81c99dee0e92f76554f3e6808104

4 27Fraenkel, Ernst1943

b067a295a502d06ab934feee7efc9c6d

4 28Friedrich, Carl J.1949-1950

671a7361d960ea48f1748926effb2603

4 29Hall, Livingston1951

6afa4a7778ce9ff529139e7ee863237e

4 30Hays, Frank E.1950

1dedbc71601bdc4eafa302b3bf200fd3

4 31Henderson, Dan F.1978

ad7f026a3f98338af32a7a5e00b71430

4 32Herring, Pendleton1950

c90700bf4affd25b07d87789f11b2e7d

4 33Horitsu Jihu1972-1973

18e24015dd5c4eec50b9f24d9a4b766f

4 34Hozumi, Shigeto1951

7229c6bc5806999ba3fae3f312adbf80

4 35Inoue, Masahito1979-1981

4d3bd7b6e39e020d444750532d3eba5b

4 36International Biographical Archives and Dictionary of Central European Emigrés, 1933-1945 (Harold A. Strauss)1976-1979

0ff6469d4f28577825f24c86791affb5

4 37Jansen, Marius B.1973

9f722ad03a8f7ae767e0a9fc07abde7e

4 38Johnson, U. Alexis1952

3259aa5a82c0827c5d4130575433810c

4 39Kades, Charles L. (Hawkins, Delafield & Wood)1950-1977

b29530143af88be6900da7dd66eb6c20

4 40Kobayashi, Justice Shunzo1951

a940608f50d7cbd31f1a60c17b23e544

4 41Koshi, George1977

47a4a69cc50f76a72688eea7615d23c4

4 42Lambie, Morris B.1950

ec85a3b49794db512be4436400329593

4 43Lemnitzer, General L. L.1960

5de2327670574c264c7b31d04046fc1c

4 44Lochner, Louis P.1967

c67749743edfaf37dff12f6076f8be66

4 45MacCoy, W. Pierce1951

2ea2d189b30f392ac3aba07f33899605

4 46Mano, Judge Tsuyoski1951

310b643d2782c42abb1fc8b8d7c3986d

4 47Martin, Charles E.1950-1952

8f18fffad7b867524c57137ece819cb0

4 48Masui, Makoto1976

a983d8c401a8c533e1d85f0bdeb74a43

4 49Matsuo, Koya1974-1975

057f4d6a857c6a33d007aede898b2c45

4 50Mendel, Douglas H., Jr.1954

3ed6a07a45099436f4c802c487eda7b9

4 51Meyers, Howard1951-1952

1ce12f7ec6750cfb6318436f804c5c7f

4 52Moore, Paul D.1973-1975

b945d116d63705b5feaac122e0d348c2

4 53Mori, Arthur K.1951-1973

658b071dcdd06c6e51e08c56d2d79b2b

5 1Nemoto, Matsuo1970

8e7b7a13126e0578fd2ebbf6a8a423c9

5 2Neptune, Robert H.1952

0960b465701ff3d18306b3bc9cdff937

5 3New York Times (Letters to the Editor)1970-1980

44c4d3aa9eeaede88723c7cd30ac5009

5 4Ochs, Reiko1975

8ada0751e5467ab51fcb31b5384dcb3c

5 5Okuyama, Hachiro1951

f656a13184c3b283e1637c3965648d37

5 6Onuma, Yasuaki1976-1977

c8203e6071505f27faa029904f0f401a

5 7Parker, James Perkins1951

b18c7ade8eab7d17e0297c1af4b9c47a

5 8Peattie, Mark1975

5a808efa2152d3f4a13983bddb993029

5 9Physicians1969-1980

d6300b51822a794ee164ded52fbeea41

5 10Prescott, Stanley1947

5ba0a2aa6bf30498e26bb92e081e1bc1

5 11Princeton University Library1980

437c20c131bfe53f12105bbb1d288caf

5 12Princeton University Press1974-1980

c0f2610c687ff68814ffa01fff7a7546

5 13Quigley, Harold S.1949-1950

221557936ade196a7e9796550c351a85

5 14Redford, Larry (Juris Publici)1977-1980

dfc57d70802244dacdeff26d056e2d01

5 15Reischauer, Edwin O.1974-1977

99853c5e20049504e10a6bf8990d4d11

5 16Rheinstein, Max1950-1951

b7e9b4c0e7770405d36e0470629bb5d9

5 17Rodino, Peter W. J.1978

9cbf440724fb68adb677050ddf52cfea

5 18Ruete, Hans Hellmuth1978

7f9fdf1449b59cbf83639617cb0a0cba

5 19Schenck, Hubert G.1952

20e1172729fa654863173013254ec223

5 20Shimbum, Asahi, transcripts of interview with Oppler1971

9007ef95be3e38a037c89e7ac03dba99

5 21Snow, Conrad E.1950-1951

e94fbb326b13807a9e282387e3daefb5

5 22Sodei, Rinjiro1976

1cbc840f9e7819c1ec1d240464c2a94f

5 23Steiner, Kurt1950-1979

5b03a895aea3178584b752a9a0143624

5 24Takemae, Eiji1981

a5fe4369f3da7db49c8f47f3ecc8905d

5 25Tanaka, Haruhiko1951

061b867054a096050141f50cb4bbd7ff

5 26Tanaka, Hideo1977-1979

394ec8c681f27b2644cc1b62ffade00a

5 27Tanaka, Kotaro1952, 1972

32d62b617cbf4fcfb96f195372bf2017

5 28Tanaka, M.1950

d9949a28f0d10a761dc6da095c6cdc43

5 29Tate, Jack B.1951

ee4b6e90f624452f1f1345e436b16eea

5 30TV Man Union, Inc. (Tokyo)1981

d8874beade428271eccfab3324f56058

5 31Unno, Shinkichi1953

6d7f8e2e3c3c4321a7c6d99e192c9fb3

5 32Ward, Robert E.1973

aea54d89aa21cbefc9eff162f893c425

5 33Washington Law Review (Milton D. Green)1949-1978

53567f3c5bb9ba7c45d6b1277943914a

5 34Williams, Harrison A.1965, 1978

c3b284ee42e4dd3cdc515a9b2ebc1a50

5 35Williams, Justin, Sr1970-1976

c3602af56762ef3c4797875222857c9f

5 36Yamanaka, Toshio1974-1975

2e71afe13bb962b8fb2a4c11cb6dff84

5 38Yasumura, Kazuo1973

dd8cec1317c1c605033bb8bae8a63dbc

5 39Miscellaneous and unidentified1943-1978

4c9cba09a5224dcb13d23e73255f943b

5 40-42Buchholz, Walther 1941-1959, 1960-1969, 1970-1979
More Details

Buchholz, Walther.

Quantity: 0.20 cubic ft.

This subseries contains articles and speech notes Oppler wrote after retiring. Of particular interest are his analysis of the Sunakawa Case, in which the Japanese Supreme Court ruled that Japan's constitutional ban on rearmament did not prohibit the stationing of U.S. troops on Japanese soil, and notes for a speech that he gave a week before his death.

BoxFolderContentsDate

1f842aecea2182f1b10df46d97752bbd

6 1"The Sunakawa Case: Its Legal and Political Implications" (published)1961

5aa8ecd9a9db3e40d568f3ba6b58b95b

6 2Opinion on Israeli Law of Return (unpublished)ca. 1970?

f72bae3738b0987df5fd76cd57eeb804

6 3Notes for "Sidelights on MacArthur's Occupation of Japan" Speech (unpublished)ca. 1972?

5b626fa2a7f63e74bb2ee4e267292ac1

6 4Oppler's Answers to Questions Posed by an Unknown Interviewerca. 1975?

b7d403a77e2c0f61f838833adb9eacaa

6 5"The Dutchess of Stone Pond" (unpublished)ca. 1978

6f378e9139e63d0bf67887fdebcb19c3

6 6Articles forJuris Publici (University of Richmond Law School)1979-1980

e332b7edb43eb36eab9ac64c8ad33548

6 7Notes for "Great Decisions: Japan" Speech (unpublished) and Clippings1982
Quantity: 0.15 cubic ft.

This subseries consists of research notes that Oppler wrote after his retirement; newspaper clippings, among them a 1948 issue of the Pacific Stars and Stripes, are sometimes interspersed. Some of Oppler's research may have been undertaken in preparation for the writing of Legal Reform in Occupied Japan: A Participant Looks Back, but some of the notes concern German and American law, society, and politics.

BoxFolderContentsDate

c0bcfac7f2f5b288b3264e0b5c353468

6 8Notes and Clippings on MacArthur, Civil Liberties, Japan, Germany, and Vietnam1948-1973

89a9cfe40716e5e61204669edaee2b06

6 9Notes on Prittie, Germans Against Hitlerca. 1965

f8cee0fc946b89b5bdbcb52d1235b07e

6 10Reading Notes on German, Japanese, and Korean Politics and Lawca. 1966

4c5c608be1efca79d985a5c4322add8d

6 11Notes on Dissertations and Books Concerning Japanca. 1970?

f9498179cd61e1b9d77bf003acaadb13

6 12Notes on Japan Civil Liberties Union, Japanese Judiciary and Japanese LawUndated
Quantity: 0.70 cubic ft.

This series contains materials that Oppler received from colleagues, gathered while at various Asian studies conferences, or kept for their informational value.

Arranged chronologically within subseries.

Quantity: 0.05 cubic ft.

This subseries contains inscribed copies of published and unpublished articles written by Kurt Nadelmann, Ulrich Mache, and Josef Derbolav, all of whom apparently met Oppler before 1939, Marius Jansen, Kurt Steiner, and Justin Williams, all of whom worked with Oppler in Japan, and Nitsuke Ando, whom Oppler evidently met while; residing in Japan.

BoxFolderContentsDate

d749f3d20e42920bc632a4edc822ee23

6 13Nadelmann, "Das Minderheitsvotum in Kollegialgericht --Bekanntgabe oder Geheimhaltung ?" (published)1961

caf6d32d3acb7ed4514b3535148fadb3

6 14Steiner, "Popular Political Participation and Political Development in Japan: The Local Level" (unpublished)ca. 1965

e77e44d9590047b6f25a41cf2bdd21ee

6 15Mache, "Die Überwindung des Amadisromans durch Andreas Heinrich Bucholtz" (published)1966

66708bbeaab5ee45095870640a62f20e

6 16Jansen, "Japan Looks Back" (published)1968

dc3d9939afed562ed00fa4c8ce128072

6 17Ando, "A Critical Appraisal of the Tokyo District Court's Decision on the Suikosha Case" (published)ca. 1968

78bf2243824b1a810f75b0e987c4d2dc

6 18Derbolav, Essay in Pädagogik im Selbstdarstellung (published)1976

9dd486a13290860d051cee65bf3411df

6 19Williams, "What the Japanese Are Like" (unpublished)1980
Quantity: 0.25 cubic ft.

This subseries consists of materials that Oppler collected while attending various conferences concerning the study of Japan. Of particular interest are numerous unpublished papers concerning various aspects of Japanese law.

BoxFolderContentsDate

d0e00ff304c81e9a658e1495872f4476

6 20-22Harvard University Japanese-American Program for Cooperation in Legal Studies, Papers1961

01035792f4ca54979dc419d9905b890d

6 23Princeton University Conference on the New Japan: Prospects and Promise, Participant List and Papers1962

858e2f386af5f7f61f2a8834d99c2029

6 24Twenty-Eighth American Assembly on the United States and Japan, Final Report1965

58c59d92143b13793deeecffbcf0f57d

6 25Eleventh Southern Assembly on the United States and Japan, Papers1966

8c0affc5d3e2c2eae863f34f919aecfc

6 26Amherst College International Conference on the Occupation of Japan, Orientation Materials, Participant List, and Two Papers1980
Quantity: 0.40 cubic ft.

This subseries contains articles, pamphlets, and clippings that Oppler kept because of their informational value. Oppler may have gathered the earliest documents in thissubseries, which consist of newspaper articles concerning France, Germany, Japan, and Poland during the final years of the Second World War, in connection with his work for the United States Economic Administration and the Department of War. All of the other documents in this subseries were collected after his 1959 return to the United States. Some of these materials may have been assembled in preparation for the writing of Legal Reform in Occupied Japan.

BoxFolderContentsDate

40f4618b6f3e45e5e8d5a859458860c2

6 27Clippings Concerning France, Germany, Japan, and Poland1944-1945

308c18eae2906def96ee9e49cc084e57

6 28Japan Times Clippings1960

8b2f27b22850981114c41ed3ea08677c

6 29Texts of Japan-U.S. Treaty and Security Agreements 1960
More Details

Contains material housed in flat file.

f0896fa9d369dfa1516acf7e9377b2cb

6 30Japan Commission on the Constitution, Papers [fragment]1961

37d5d7404386e4c785525c610b499b80

6 31Kublin, What Shall I Read on Japan (published)1961

7483c3e20b7b51342b1e57f09fab119c

6 32Kublin, Useful Japanese (published)1961

e72f08e2714913302ebbc902cf73f147

6 33Overton, Travel in Japan (published)1961

ad651960b994a39f0c595c17b0931443

6 34Japanese-American Program for Cooperation in Legal Studies, "An Index to Japansese Law" (unpublished)1961

50d1d8d97fbb60282abdc36cdadbb5a1

6 35Law Firm of Stitt and Hemmendinger, "Okinawa" (unpublished)1962

f05862f2b8f7472755b5f36f0a0b405c

6 36Danielski, "The Supreme Court of Japan: An Exploratory Study" (unpublished)1966

45f768033779039945d8ee4ca47fa8dd

6 37Stein, "Common-Law Marriage: Its History and Certain Contemporary Problems" (published)1969

ae1c0252da7990c49d57b04a5d7fd617

6 38Jansen, "Japan and the United States" (unpublished)ca. 1969

0e2d7b4d21deb5fd041485d0e81b33ba

6 39Unidentified Article on Japanese Law (published) and Clipping on Japan's Environmental Problems1970

eeb8a50ba9099a2bd3497ef8938cce50

6 40Abegglin, Kahn, and Morley, Japan and the United States in the 1970s (published)1970

21af7e7e5fe1455ff9fbd5a01a383e5c

6 41Steiner, Book Review (published) and Two Short Articles (unpublished)1974-ca. 1975

1d01250d29f91abfed9f1f2b6a38a516

6 42Association for Asian Studies, Doctoral Dissertations on Asia (published)1975

cc41513381ae174052fa84c0eabdb9c3

6 43Committee on Asian Law, Association for Asian Studies, A Directory of Persons Interested in Asian Law (published)1975

22d087cf6df6055955f0e32adf023468

6 44State of New York, Court on the Judiciary, In re Waltemeade (unpublished)1975

75b5e26d5385e7a950ea261b05f14ce4

6 45Anderson, trans., The Law Partially Amending the Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Control Law (published)1979

bf13df1606d049b7ada8f5b3af93906c

6 46Hollerman, "International Economic Controls in Occupied Japan" (published)1979

2c49965ee5865a7a037f129efb382f9f

6 47Masami, "Postwar Japanese Law and Legal Studies" (published)1979

f5ef37e11a7b9b7a817e6cacfea90a6e

6 48Moore, "Reflections on the Occupation of Japan" (published)1979

c8173f674be417c6208314476c89adf7

6 49Kawashima, "The Japanese Linguistic Consciousness and the Law" (published) and Letter from Marius Jansen1979-1980

8918d9cbf5e2997220e549a866f4d949

6 50Vogel, "The Miracle of Japan" (published) and Letter to the New York Times1979-1981

80e541acc669e2509aea9cc48c65db11

6 51Japanese Press Summaries and Clippings1979-1982

c5cc672667a318d4be4ca09a3fe3d19d

6 52Materials By and About Justin Williams (published)1980

aef318354d11d50aa06f118b35a95752

Texts of Japan-U.S. Treaty and Security Agreements1960