1400 Washington AveAlbanyNY
1400 Washington AveAlbanyNY

Abbot Low Moffat Papers

1929-1943

PDF Version

Abstract

New York Republican Politician and proponent of the NYS Thruway, Moffat served on the State Assembly 1929-1943, U.S. State Department South-East Asia Division, 1944-1947, and later as a U.S. diplomat in Greece, the United Kingdom, Burma, and Ghana.

Summary

Creator:
Moffat, Abbot Low,1901-1996
Date Coverage:
1929-1943
Quantity:
4.4 cubic ft. (about 4.4 boxes)

Abbot Low Moffat was born to a prominent Manhattan family on May 12, 1901 [Unless otherwise noted, all information is taken from the entries on Moffat in Who's Who in the East, 16th ed. (Boston: Larkin, Roosevelt, and Larkin, 1977), The New York Times Biographical Service, vol. 27 (Ann Arbor, MI: University Microfilms International, 1996), 620, and "Abbot Low Moffat", a typescript biographical sketch contained in the Abbot Low Moffat collection folder, M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives]. He was educated at Groton School, received his A.B. from Harvard University in 1923, and received his LL.B. from Columbia University in 1926. He was admitted to the New York State bar in 1927. In 1927-1928 he served as an assistant United States attorney for the southeastern counties of New York State, and in 1928-1929 worked as a clerk for the Manhattan law firm of Winter and James.

In 1929, Moffat won election to the New York State Assembly from the Fifteenth Assembly District, which covered part of New York County. He was one of a small group of Republican legislators who wrested control of the Assembly and the Senate from the party's established leadership and enabled the legislature to play a larger role in state politics.

Moffat was assigned a seat on the powerful Assembly Ways and Means Committee and eventually served as its chair (1938-1943). His efforts to rein in the spending of Governor Herbert Lehman were instrumental in giving the legislature a greater say in the shaping of the state's budget. In 1939, the conflict with Lehman culminated in a full-fledged legislative revolt: the Assembly and Senate essentially rewrote the budget that Lehman had submitted. The governor sued, and a state court ultimately upheld the right of the Governor to draft the budget. However, in subsequent decades legislative leaders who followed in Moffat's footsteps gained control over the budget-making process.

Moffat was determined to curb government spending and was a fierce opponent of the governmental centralization implicit in the New Deal [See "Memorandum on Minimum Wage Bills before the New York State Legislature", January 28, 1937; Remarks in Assembly on Social Security bill, February 10, 1937; Press release on the Assembly minimum wage bill, March 17, 1937; and Press release on the Assembly minimum wage bill, March 21, 1937, in Series 1, Press Releases, Speeches, and Reference Material]. However, he pressed for what he saw as prudent government initiatives. He introduced a number of bills designed to halt child labor in New York and other states and replace slum dwellings with suitable public housing [See Press release on Assembly bill barring the sale of goods made by child labor, March 11, 1937, Press release on amending of the Assembly child labor bill, April 5, 1937, Resolution urging the U.S. Congress to pass a bill barring interstate commerce in goods produced by child labor, April 13, 1937, and Resolution memorializing the U.S. Congress to pass a bill barring interstate transportation of goods made by child labor, January 17, 1938, in Press Releases, Speeches, and Reference Material]. He was also instrumental in initiating the construction of a toll road connecting New York City with Albany, Buffalo, and the western New York State-Pennsylvania border: he drafted and co-sponsored the bill that authorized the project, shepherded the bill through the Legislature, and witnessed its signing. He was piqued that the New York State Thruway was eventually named after Governor Thomas E. Dewey, who secured funding for the project.

While serving in the Assembly, Moffat was a delegate to the state's 1938 constitutional convention. He sought to curb government spending and spoke out against a proposed amendment that would have facilitated the state's use of wiretapping in criminal investigations [See Remarks at Constitutional Convention concerning search and seizure proposals, June 27, 1938, in Series 1, Press Releases, Speeches, and Reference Material, 1929-43, Series 3, Constitutional Convention Material, 1938, and clippings in the Constitutional Convention folders, Series 4, Newspaper Clippings, 1933-43].

Moffat also served on the New York State War Council from 1942-1943. He helped to secure funding for child care for female war workers and streamlined the state's revenue flow by backing legislation allowing quarterly payment of state income tax [ See press release on Assembly bill concerning the funding of child care for war workers, March 9, 1943, and press release on Assembly bill concerning child care for war workers, March 22, 1943, in Series 1, Press Releases, Speeches, and Reference Material, 1929-43].

In 1943, Moffat resigned his Assembly seat and took a position with the United States Department of State. He served as the head of the Division of Southeast Asian Affairs from 1944-1947 and in 1946 met with Vietnamese nationalist leader Ho Chi Minh. His reports to his superiors cautioned against Washington's inflexible opposition against nationalist movements in Vietnam and other colonies. Convinced that American statesmen had erred grievously in making anti-communism the cornerstone of postwar foreign policy, he later asserted that it seemed as if the world had been plunged "right back in[to] the wars of religion". In subsequent years, he was openly critical of American involvement in Vietnam.

Moffat was subsequently attached to numerous diplomatic missions in Greece (1947-1948), Great Britain (1948-1950), and Burma (1950-1952). Between 1954 and 1956, he worked for the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development in Washington. D.C., serving as head of the department in charge of the Middle Eastern states. He was then posted to Ghana, where he became head of a survey team for the International Cooperation Administration (1957-1958) and Chief of the U.S. Operations Mission (1958-1960). After leaving Ghana, he served as a representative on a team charged with evaluating the Mutual Security Program (1960-1961) in the Far East.

In 1961, Moffat, who had become a Democrat at the urging of his wife, Marion, retired and moved to Princeton, New Jersey. He published a sympathetic biography of Mongkut, the Thai monarch depicted as a despot in the musical The King and I, and pursued his lifelong interest in genealogical research. [ Abbot Low Moffat, Mongkut: The King of Siam (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1961). Moffat had written two histories of his mother's family while serving in the Assembly; see Abbot Low Moffat, Low genealogy; the descendants of Seth Low and Mary Porter (n.p., 1932), and Abbot Low Moffat, Old Low, Old Low's Son-the Descendants of Seth Low and Mary Porter; Low Genealogy, 1807-1956 (n.p., 1956). After his retirement, he completed a study that his father, also an avid genealogist, had begun and undertook a third project. See R. Burnham Moffat and Abbot Low Moffat, Pierreponts, 1802-1962: the American forebears and the descendants of Hezekiah Beers Pierpont and Anna Maria Constable (n.p., 1962); Abbot Low Moffat, A Moffat family record: forebears and the descendants of Reuben Curtis Moffat and Elizabeth Virginia Barclay, 1852-1982 (n.p., 1982)]. In 1973-1976, he was a member of the Princeton Township Committee.

Moffat died on April 17, 1996 at the age of ninety-four. He was survived by his three children, Burnham Moffat, Nancy Moffat Lifland, and Jane-Kerin Moffat.

This collection documents Abbot Low Moffat's career as a New York State Assembly representative (1929-1943). It sheds light on his work as a delegate to the 1938 New York State Constitutional Convention, chairman of the Assembly Ways and Means Committee, and, to a lesser extent, member of the New York State War Council. It also details his involvement in New York State Republican politics and, through Moffat's extensive collection of fiscal editorials and other clippings from newspapers across the state, helps to shed light upon public opinion about New York State politics. It contains no information about Moffat's work for the United States Department of State, which began almost immediately after he resigned his Assembly seat in 1943.

Moffat's activities as an Assembly representative are most fully documented in the extensive Press Releases, Speeches, and Reference Materials Series. Owing to his position as Chairman of the Assembly Ways and Means Committee (1939-43), most of the material in this series concerns taxation, spending, and bond issues. Many of the documents also concern the relationship between state and municipal finance; Moffat represented a Manhattan district, and the issue was of considerable importance to him. This series also contains information about Moffat's efforts to facilitate construction of New York City-area bridges and tunnels (February 1929, March 1939, August 1940) and the New York State Thruway (March 1942), secure funds for clearance of slums and construction of public housing (December 1936-January 1937, January 1938, January-March 1939), ban child labor (March-April 1937, January 1938), and compel the codification and publication of state and local laws (April 1937, February 1938, February 1943, July 1943). Other documents in the series detail Moffat's efforts to avert the creation of New Deal-style Social Security and minimum wage programs in New York State (January-March 1937), limit welfare expenditures (February 1937, April 1937, March 1938, March 1939, March 1941), and define the role of state government in planning for the postwar period (November 1942). Additional information about his work in the Assembly can be found in the Constitutional Convention Series and the Fiscal Editorials Subseries of the Newspaper Clippings Series.

Moffat's role as a delegate to the 1938 New York State Constitutional Convention is detailed in the Press Releases, Speeches and Reference Materials Series (April-July 1938), the Constitutional Convention Material Series, and the Constitutional Convention Subseries of the Newspaper Clippings Series.

The collection contains relatively little information about Moffat's work as a member of the New York State War Council, but information about his efforts to secure child care for women entering paid employment and to curb rent increases is contained in the Press Releases, Speeches, and Reference Material Series (February-April 1942, March 1943).

Information about Moffat's involvement in state Republican politics is contained in the texts of speeches (1932 [no date given], September 1940, February 1943) contained in the Press Releases, Speeches, and Reference Material Series. The William F. Bleakley Gubernatorial Campaign Series, which documents Moffat's involvement in the campaign, and the Clerkship Controversy Subseries of the Newspaper Clippings Series, which sheds light on his role as an insurgent Republican who opposed the 1934 appointment of W. Kingsland Macy to the post of Assembly Clerk, also detail his role in state party politics.

Researchers seeking to assess public opinion about New York State finances, the 1938 constitutional convention, and other political issues during the 1920s, 1930s, and 1940s, may wish to consult the Newspaper Clippings Series, which consists of editorials and articles from newspapers across the state.

The collection is organized as follows:

Series 1: Press Releases, Speeches, and Reference Material, 1929, 1932-1943
Series 2: William F. Bleakley Gubernatorial Campaign Material, 1935-1936
Series 3: Constitutional Convention Material, 1938
Series 4: Newspaper Clippings, 1934-1943
Sub-series 1: Clerkship Controversy, 1933-1934
Sub-series 2: Constitutional Convention, 1936-1938
Sub-series 3: Fiscal and Political Editorials and Stories, 1936, 1938-1943
Series 5: Political Cartoons, 1934?-1939
.

Series arrangement statement: SUNY will complete.

Related Material

Scholars seeking additional information about Moffat's career as a New York State legislator may want to consult three collections held by the New York State Archives in Albany: New York State Legislature, Assembly, Assemblyman (1929-43: Abbot Low Moffat), State Authorities Development Files, 1928-1941 (bulk 1940-1941); New York State Legislature, Assembly, Committee on Ways and Means Correspondence and Subject Files, 1935-1951 (bulk 1940-1947); and New York State War Council, Abbot Low Moffat's Advisory Correspondence, 1941-1943.

All loose newspaper clippings in the collection were photocopied for preservation purposes.

Three scrapbooks of fiscal editorials clipped from New York State newspapers and two original drawings of published political cartoons were donated to the University Libraries, M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives, by Abbot Low Moffat on October 27, 1985. The remainder of the collection was donated at a later date.

Processed by: Bonita L. Weddle (2000) in 2000-01-31.

Collection record created by: Conversion and encoding by ArchProteus,

Published: 2015

EAD file created, 2014

Archival materials can be view in-person during business hours in our reading room, located on the top floor of the Science Library on the Uptown Campus.

We can also deliver digital scans for remote research for a fee.

Access to this record group is unrestricted.

Copyright Statement

The researcher assumes full responsibility for conforming with the laws of copyright. Whenever possible, the M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives will provide information about copyright owners and other restrictions, but the legal determination ultimately rests with the researcher. Requests for permission to publish material from this collection should be discussed with the Head of Special Collections and Archives.

Preferred citation for this material is as follows:

Identification of specific item, series, box, folder, Abbot Low Moffat Papers, 1929-1943. M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives, University Libraries, University at Albany, State University of New York (hereafter referred to as [shortened name]).

Contents of Collection

Quantity: 1.30 cubic ft. (about 1.30 boxes)
This series consists of unpublished documents that were created or collected by Moffat and his legislative staff. Press releases designed to publicize Moffat's stance on state taxation, state and local bond issues and the relationship between state and local finance predominate. Other documents in the series detail Moffat's support for slum clearance and public housing construction (December 1936-January 1937, January 1938, January-March 1939), construction of the New York State Thruway and New York City-area bridges and tunnels (February 1929, March 1939, August 1940, March 1942), codification and publication of local and state laws and administrative codes (April 1937, February 1938, February 1943, July 1943), and prohibition of child labor (March-April 1937, January 1938). Moffat's opposition to the creation of New Deal-style Social Security and minimum wage programs in New York State (January-March 1937) and efforts to curb welfare expenditures (February 1937, April 1937, March 1938, March 1939, March 1941) are also documented. Some of the press releases drafted between April and July 1938 concern proposed amendments placed before the New York State Constitutional Convention. This series also includes typescripts of a number of speeches that Moffat delivered before various political and civic groups and on radio stations across the state. Many of the speeches concern the relationship between state and local finance, but others concern state and national Republican campaigns (1932 [no month given], September 1940, February 1943) and government planning for the postwar period (November 1942). Several of the speeches have extensive handwritten additions and revisions.
Arranged chronologically.
BoxFolderContentsDate

nam_apap063-1_1

1Radio address on "Interstate Bridges and Tunnels", WOR1929 February 6

nam_apap063-1_2

1Draft press release on bill providing for the removal of railroad tracks over Park Avenue north of 96th Street1929

nam_apap063-1_3

1Press release on proposed New York City charter1932 March 3

nam_apap063-1_4

1Press release on Tammany Hall ties of Nonpartisan Citizens League1932 October

nam_apap063-1_5

1"Buy New York Republican"1932?

nam_apap063-1_6

1Press release on Assembly bill allowing sale of sand and gravel from state lands1933 January 20-1933 January 23

nam_apap063-1_7

1Radio address on Assembly bill creating a state mortgage board, WGY1934 August 16

nam_apap063-1_8

1Speech in Assembly concerning bill creating a state mortgage board1934 August 17

nam_apap063-1_9

1Press release on differences in Assembly and Senate plans for aid to mortgage certificate holders1934 August 19

nam_apap063-1_10

1Press release on Assembly bill requiring municipal public utilities to be self-supporting1935 January 27-1935 January 28

nam_apap063-1_11

1Press release on Republican protest against refusal of the Assembly Ways and Means Committee's Democratic majority to hold a budget hearing1935 February 6

nam_apap063-1_12

1Press release on statement on budget by Senator George R. Fearon1936 March 17

nam_apap063-1_13

1Press release on statement on budget conferences by Speaker Irving M. Ives1936 April 21

nam_apap063-1_14

1Remarks in Assembly against investigation of Communist activities1936 May 13

nam_apap063-1_15

1Knickerbocker Press (Albany) editorials 1936 May-1936 July

copies

nam_apap063-1_16

1Letter to John J. Dunnigan concerning state involvement in the World's Fair1936 August 18

nam_apap063-1_17

1Press release on Assembly slum clearance bill1936 December 28

nam_apap063-1_18

1"The Clerk's Office"1936?

nam_apap063-1_19

1Joint statement on supplemental appropriations bill1936?

nam_apap063-1_20

1Chart showing appropriations for 1926-27 and 1931-32 and projected appropriations for 1936-371936?

nam_apap063-1_21

1Chart showing number of registered votes and plurality of votes cast for Governor and U.S. President in 1928 and 1932, by county1936?

nam_apap063-1_22

1Press release on Assembly slum clearance bill1937 January 11

nam_apap063-1_23

1Press release on Assembly minimum wage bill1937 January 18

nam_apap063-1_24

1Statement in Assembly by Speaker Irving Ives concerning changes in Assembly rules1937 January 18

nam_apap063-1_25

1Press release on Republican efforts to drive lobbyists off the floor of the Assembly and simplify Assembly rules1937 January 19

nam_apap063-1_26

1Press release concerning minimum wage bills1937 January 19

nam_apap063-1_27

1Press release on letter from Speaker Oswald D. Heck to Senator John J. Howard concerning minimum wage bills1937 January 21

nam_apap063-1_28

1"Memorandum on Minimum Wage Bills before the New York State Legislature"1937 January 28

nam_apap063-1_29

1Press release on Assembly bill establishing a capital budget planning procedure1937 January 31

nam_apap063-1_30

1Press release on flaws in the Governor's message to the Legislature1937 February 3

nam_apap063-1_31

1Remarks in Assembly on Social Security bill1937 February 10

nam_apap063-1_32

1Press release on the Governor's message calling for a bond issue1937 February 19

nam_apap063-1_33

1Press release on the financing of relief and a proposed bond issue1937 February 20

nam_apap063-1_34

1Press release on Assembly bill barring the sale of goods made by child labor1937 March 11

nam_apap063-1_35

1Press release on Assembly minimum wage bill1937 March 17

nam_apap063-1_36

1Press release on Assembly minimum wage bill1937 March 21

nam_apap063-1_37

1Press release on the Governor's budget bills as modified by the Senate1937 March 24

nam_apap063-1_38

1Press release on U.S. Supreme Court's upholding of Washington State's minimum wage law1937 March 30

nam_apap063-1_39

1Press release on differences in Democratic Party views on minimum wage laws1937 March 30

nam_apap063-1_40

1Press release on amending of the Assembly child labor bill1937 April 5

nam_apap063-1_41

1Press release on relief appropriations in the Governor's budget1937 April 6

nam_apap063-1_42

1Press release on unemployment relief appropriations1937 April 6

nam_apap063-1_43

1Press release on Assembly bill creating a temporary commission to study state building needs in Albany1937 April 6

nam_apap063-1_44

1Press release on Assembly bill calling for codification and publication of administrative codes, rules, and regulations1937 April 7

nam_apap063-1_45

1Resolution urging the U.S. Congress to pass a bill barring interstate commerce in goods produced by child labor1937 April 13

nam_apap063-1_46

1Press release on Assembly tax bills1937 April 21

nam_apap063-1_47

1"Taxes Payable on Gifts Under Present Federal Rates and Proposed State Rates"1937 April 20

nam_apap063-1_48

1"Taxes Payable under Present and Proposed Rates of the State Tax in Cases of Estates of Various Sizes Left to a Widow with Two Children"1937 April 19

nam_apap063-1_49

1"Proposed Stock Transfer Rates"1937 April 21

nam_apap063-1_50

1Press release on Assembly tax bills and uncirculated releases on stock transfer tax, estate tax, and Temporary Commission on State Finances1937 April 22

nam_apap063-1_51

1Press release on joint statement concerning the supplemental appropriations bill1937 May 7

nam_apap063-1_52

1Press release on Assembly bill repealing the capital gain and loss provisions of the personal income tax1938 January 7

nam_apap063-1_53

1Resolution memorializing the U.S. Congress to pass a bill barring interstate transportation of goods made by child labor1938 January 17

nam_apap063-1_54

1Press release on Assembly budget hearing1938 January 19

nam_apap063-1_55

1Press release on Assembly bill authorizing use of state credit for slum clearance1938 January 28

nam_apap063-1_56

1Press release on joint statement concerning the Governor's budget1938 February 9

nam_apap063-1_57

1Press release on budget bills1938 February 13

nam_apap063-1_58

1Press release on Assembly bills carrying out recommendations of the Joint Legislative Committee on State Fiscal Policies1938 February 14

nam_apap063-1_59

1Press release on Assembly bill extending New York City's emergency taxing powers1938 February 17

nam_apap063-1_60

1Press release on Assembly bills carrying out recommendations of the Joint Legislative Committee on State Fiscal Policies1938 February 19

nam_apap063-1_61

1Press release on Assembly bill requiring codification of administrative codes, rules, and regulations1938 February 21

nam_apap063-1_62

1Address on public debt, the Association of Towns, Albany1938 February 23

nam_apap063-1_63

1Press release on joint resolutions concerning tax-exempt securities and extension of power to levy income tax1938 February 26

nam_apap063-1_64

1Radio address on the work of the Assembly, WNYC1938 February 27

nam_apap063-1_65

1Press release on Assembly bill concerning state and local aid to local relief entities1938 March 16

nam_apap063-1_66

1Press release on supplemental appropriations bill1938 March 19

nam_apap063-1_67

1Press release on constitutional amendment permitting state compensation of automobile accident victims1938 April 22

nam_apap063-1_68

1Press release on constitutional amendments relating to election law, bill drafting and amendment, private and local bills, and compilation of local laws1938 April 29

nam_apap063-1_69

1Press release on constitutional amendments concerning eligibility for legislative office, bill drafting and amendment, and private and local bills1938 April 29

nam_apap063-1_70

1Press release on constitutional amendments concerning state finances1938 May 12

nam_apap063-1_71

1Press release on constitutional amendments concerning state and local finances1938 May 12

nam_apap063-1_72

1Press release on constitutional amendments concerning state and local finances1938 May 19

nam_apap063-1_73

1Press release on constitutional amendment concerning executive budget provisions1938 May 20

nam_apap063-1_74

1Address on state and local finances, the Conference of Mayors, Elmira1938 June 9

nam_apap063-1_75

1"Municipal Fiscal Proposals before Constitutional Convention", the Bond Buyer1938 June 11

nam_apap063-1_76

1Published version of the speech given at the Conference of Mayors1938 June 9

nam_apap063-1_77

1Letter to the delegates of the Constitutional Convention1938 June 20

nam_apap063-1_78

1Radio address on state finance issues before the Constitutional Convention, WQXR 1938 June 24

One copy contains extensive handwritten annotations.

nam_apap063-1_79

2Address on the work of the Legislature, Third Metropolitan Realty Conference1939 January 11

nam_apap063-1_80

2Press release on slum clearance bill1939 January 19

nam_apap063-1_81

2Letter to Joseph McGinnies concerning local government indebtedness1939 January 24

nam_apap063-1_82

2Press release on joint legislative budget hearing1939 January 31

nam_apap063-1_83

2Amendment of joint rules concerning home rule1939 February 1

nam_apap063-1_84

2Press release on responsibility for budget deficit1939 February 1

nam_apap063-1_85

2Bills introduced and bills killed by Assembly Ways and Means Committee1939 February 2

nam_apap063-1_86

2Letter to Fiorello LaGuardia on New York Housing Authority bond financing1939 February 6

nam_apap063-1_87

2Press release on bill extending New York City Council's power to grant partial tax exemptions to owners of repaired or renovated buildings1939 February 8

nam_apap063-1_88

2Letter to Perley A. Pitcher concerning the Constitution and local government1939 February 8

nam_apap063-1_89

2Press release on Assembly bill calling for codification and prompt publication of administrative rules and codes1939 February 13

nam_apap063-1_90

2Press release on New York City occupancy tax and bond financing and letter to Fiorello LaGuardia1939 February 16

nam_apap063-1_91

2Press release on opposition to Governor's tax program1939 February 19

nam_apap063-1_92

2Press release on Assembly budget hearing1939 February 20

nam_apap063-1_93

2Press release on bills implementing Constitution in the field of local finance1939 February 20

nam_apap063-1_94

2Press release on Assembly budget hearing1939 February 21

nam_apap063-1_95

2List of individuals present at budget hearing1939 February 22

nam_apap063-1_96

2List of speakers at budget hearing1939 February 22

nam_apap063-1_97

2List of speakers at Assembly budget hearing1939 February 24

nam_apap063-1_98

2Press release on bills reported favorably by the Assembly Ways and Means Committee1939 February 28

nam_apap063-1_99

2Radio address on housing legislation, WNYC1939 March 3

nam_apap063-1_100

2Press release on investigation of relief programs1939 March 6

nam_apap063-1_101

2Press release on Assembly bill revising the State Finance Law1939 March 8

nam_apap063-1_102

2Press release on Assembly bill concerning radio broadcasters and libel and slander actions1939 March 9

nam_apap063-1_103

2Press release on Senate bill establishing a separate sinking fund for redemption of New York City transit unification bonds1939 March 12

nam_apap063-1_104

2Press release on Assembly bill establishing a temporary state commission to revise statutes concerning municipal finances1939 March 13

nam_apap063-1_105

2Press release on bills reported favorably by the Assembly Ways and Means Committee1939 March 14

nam_apap063-1_106

2"Copies of Letters from the Federal Emergency Administration and the Reconstruction Finance Corporation re. Proposed Brooklyn-Battery Bridge"1939 March 15, 1939 March 22

nam_apap063-1_107

2Press release on joint conference of the Senate Finance and Taxation Committees and the Assembly Ways and Means Committee1939 April 16

nam_apap063-1_108

2Press release on printing of the main budget1939 April 19

nam_apap063-1_109

2Speech in Assembly on appropriations1939 April 27

nam_apap063-1_110

2"Bills Reported by Assembly Ways and Means Committee"1939 May 2

nam_apap063-1_111

2Press release on introduction of Assembly bills reducing spending1939 May 4

nam_apap063-1_112

2Press release on implementation of legislative appropriations bills1939 May 10

nam_apap063-1_113

2Remarks in Assembly on the Governor's message1939 May 12

nam_apap063-1_114

2Press release on memorial to the U.S. Congress concerning hospitalization of mentally ill aliens1939 May 18

nam_apap063-1_115

2Press release on "New Revenues Provided and Special Appropriations Bills Passed by the Legislature of 1939"1939 May 22

nam_apap063-1_116

2Press release on New York City proposals to eliminate kindergartens1939 June 13

nam_apap063-1_117

2Press release on projected budget surplus1939 June 20

nam_apap063-1_118

2Press release on special legislative session necessitated by Court of Appeals ruling on departmental budget cuts1939 June 21

nam_apap063-1_119

2Address to Assembly on Governor's [budget?] message1939 June 23

nam_apap063-1_120

2Letter to members of the Senate Finance and Assembly Ways and Means Committees1939 June 26

nam_apap063-1_121

2Press release on Assembly bill barring elimination of kindergartens and evening schools1939 June 30

nam_apap063-1_122

2Press release on Assembly supplemental appropriations bill1939 July 10

nam_apap063-1_123

2Extract from New York Herald Tribune article, "Lehman Asks Political Truce in Emergency"1939 September 8

nam_apap063-1_124

2Press release on letter sent to members of the Assembly Ways and Means Committee1939 October 14

nam_apap063-1_125

2Charts and tables concerning state debt1939 October 14

nam_apap063-1_126

2Press release in response to statements of Fiorello LaGuardia1939 October 18

nam_apap063-1_127

2Press release on dispute with Fiorello LaGuardia1939 October 20

nam_apap063-1_128

2Department of Taxation and Finance collection data1939 October 20

nam_apap063-1_129

2"Appropriations by New York State and Federal Government"1939 November 1

nam_apap063-1_130

2"Time Limitations on Contracting Housing Indebtedness"1939 November 22

nam_apap063-1_131

2"Analysis of Fiscal Action by Governor and Legislature by Departments"1939

nam_apap063-1_132

2"Appropriation Bills Passed and New Revenue Provided by the Legislature of 1939 and Signed by the Governor"1939

nam_apap063-1_133

2"Effect of Tax on Real Estate ($1.00 per Thousand) as Compared with a Ten Percent Reduction in State Aid for Education"1939

nam_apap063-1_134

2"Summary of Reductions"1939

nam_apap063-1_135

2"Summary of Supplemental Bill; Legislature of 1939"1939

nam_apap063-1_136

2Press release on Assembly budget hearing1940 January 25

nam_apap063-1_137

2Press release on Assembly Ways and Means Committee analysis of the Governor's budget1940 February 4

nam_apap063-1_138

2Press release on Assembly bill extending municipalities' ability to receive federal WPA and PWA funds1940 February 7

nam_apap063-1_139

2Press release on Assembly budget hearing1940 February 7

nam_apap063-1_140

2Press release on Assembly bill extending New York City's emergency taxing powers1940 February 15

nam_apap063-1_141

2Press release on Assembly bills affecting the Division of Housing and the Public Housing Law1940 February 16

nam_apap063-1_142

2Press release on Assembly bills amending the General Municipal Law1940 February 21

nam_apap063-1_143

2Address on state aid to localities, the Association of Towns1940 February 21

nam_apap063-1_144

2Press release on legislative cuts in the Governor's budget1940 February 28

nam_apap063-1_145

2Remarks in Assembly concerning the Governor's message on revision of the budget1940 March 4

nam_apap063-1_146

2Press release on bills reported by the Assembly Ways and Means Committee1940 March 4

nam_apap063-1_147

2Press release on Assembly bills concerning the unification of the New York City transit system1940 March 11

nam_apap063-1_148

2Press release on Assembly bills concerning billboards1940 March 12

nam_apap063-1_149

2Press release on Assembly hearing on the Shaver canal constitutional amendment1940 March 12

nam_apap063-1_150

2Press release on Assembly Ways and Means Committee appropriations bills1940 March 13

nam_apap063-1_151

2Press release on Assembly bill on the notarization of income tax returns1940 March 20

nam_apap063-1_152

2Statement concerning the Governor's message on grade crossing elimination1940 March 20

nam_apap063-1_153

2Press release on Assembly bill allowing diversion of emergency relief tax monies to certain welfare purposes1940 March 24

nam_apap063-1_154

2Press release on constitutional amendment concerning grade crossing bonds1940 March 25

nam_apap063-1_155

2Press release on New York City emergency relief tax bill1940 March 26

nam_apap063-1_156

2Press release on Assembly bills concerning New York City and the bank tax1940 March 26

nam_apap063-1_157

2Press release on Assembly supplemental appropriations bill1940 March 26

nam_apap063-1_158

2Press release on Assembly bill concerning revision of the Finance Law1940 March 26

nam_apap063-1_159

2Press release on the Legislature's fiscal plan for 1940-411940 April 1

nam_apap063-1_160

2List of funds allocated [?] to commissions and legislative committees1940 May 1

nam_apap063-1_161

2Tables of fiscal plans1940 May 1

nam_apap063-1_162

3Address on state regulation of municipal finance, the Conference of Mayors, Rochester1940 June 11

nam_apap063-1_163

3Remarks made before Jewish War Veterans, New York County Council Installation, New York City1940 June 20

nam_apap063-1_164

3Address on "The Constitution and Municipal Debt", New York State Bar Association, Saranac Lake [?]1940 June 28

nam_apap063-1_165

3Press release on the relationship between sound management of municipal government and national defense1940 June 28

nam_apap063-1_166

3"Proposed $60,000,000 Highway-Parkway Bond Issue"1940 August 21

nam_apap063-1_167

3Radio address on "Campaign Issues-Taxation", WQXR1940 September 13

nam_apap063-1_168

3Address on the budget and appropriations, Albany Chapter of the National Association of Cost Accountants, Albany1940 September 18

nam_apap063-1_169

3"Proposed Constitutional Amendment for a $60,000,000 Highway-Parkway Bond Issue"1940 September 23

nam_apap063-1_170

3Radio address on national defense and Wendell Wilkie campaign, WQXR1940 September 30

nam_apap063-1_171

3Address on state and local fiscal relationships, City Affairs Committee, New York City1940 December 7

nam_apap063-1_172

3Press release on cost of gubernatorial inaugurations1940 December 10

nam_apap063-1_173

3Press release on letter to Herbert H. Lehman1940 December 11

nam_apap063-1_174

3Press release on constitutional amendment allowing the Legislature to prohibit further issuance of grade crossing bonds1941 January 13

nam_apap063-1_175

3Press release on budget hearing1941 February 5

nam_apap063-1_176

3Press release on bill regulating billboards1941 February 7

nam_apap063-1_177

3Speakers list for executive budget hearing1941 February 12

nam_apap063-1_178

3Seating list for budget hearing1941 February 12

nam_apap063-1_179

3Press release on Assembly bills concerning municipal finance1941 February 19

nam_apap063-1_180

3Press release on constitutional amendment allowing the Legislature to establish tax stabilization reserves1941 February 24

nam_apap063-1_181

3Remarks in Assembly concerning quarterly payment of income tax1941 March 4

nam_apap063-1_182

3Press release on Assembly bills concerning municipal finance1941 March 4

nam_apap063-1_183

3Press release on Assembly bill concerning the repayment of appropriations made to the Power Authority1941 March 8

nam_apap063-1_184

3Press release on Assembly bill extending the power of cities to impose a one percent utilities tax for unemployment relief1941 March 8

nam_apap063-1_185

3Press release on Assembly bill allowing the escheating of funds on deposit with federal courts1941 March 9

nam_apap063-1_186

3Press release on procedure for the purchase of New York City buses and subway cars1941 March 11

nam_apap063-1_187

3Remarks in Assembly on the budget1941 March 12

nam_apap063-1_188

3Press release on bill granting a tax exemption to the Metropolitan Opera House1941 March 16

nam_apap063-1_189

3Letter from New York City Comptroller Joseph D. McGoldrick1941 March 21

nam_apap063-1_190

3Press release on policy changes remedying New York City's financial problems1941 March 31

nam_apap063-1_191

3Press release on bill allowing the budget surplus to be used for defense emergencies1941 March 31

nam_apap063-1_192

3Press release on statement of Republican fiscal policies1941 March 31

nam_apap063-1_193

3Press release on the supplemental budget1941 April 1

nam_apap063-1_194

3Press release on Governor's veto of legislation allowing the state to take over abandoned condemnation awards to unknown owners1941 May 15

nam_apap063-1_195

3Address on welfare legislation, National Conference of Social Work, Atlantic City1941 June 5

nam_apap063-1_196

3Press release on budget surplus1941 July 4

nam_apap063-1_197

3Address on $60,000,000 diversion amendment, Tenth Assembly District Republican Club, New York City1941 October 30

nam_apap063-1_198

3Press release on Assembly bill allowing quarterly payment of income tax1941 December 1

nam_apap063-1_199

3Press release on analysis of proposal to allow deduction of federal income taxes when determining state taxable income1941 December 18

nam_apap063-1_200

3Press release on issuing of the Green Book1941 December 24

nam_apap063-1_201

3Press release on bill defining the length of the war emergency1942 January 7

nam_apap063-1_202

3Letter to Assembly members from Speaker Oswald D. Heck concerning Assembly rules1942 January 8

nam_apap063-1_203

3Press release on bill permitting quarterly payment of income tax1942 January 8

nam_apap063-1_204

3Press release on Assembly bill changing the date of the final lapsing of appropriations1942 January 8

nam_apap063-1_205

3Press release on Assembly bill extending New York City's emergency taxing power1942 January 9

nam_apap063-1_206

3List of certificates of intent executed since the close of the last legislative session1942 January 12

nam_apap063-1_207

3Press release on Assembly bills concerning municipal borrowing1942 January 13

nam_apap063-1_208

3Press release [?] on establishment of Assembly Committee on Local Finance1942 January 13

nam_apap063-1_209

3Press release on Assembly bill granting income tax exemptions to non-resident military personnel stationed in New York State1942 January 16

nam_apap063-1_210

3Press release on Assembly bills allowing quarterly payment of income tax1942 January 23

nam_apap063-1_211

3Press release on Assembly bill extending accident insurance to jockeys1942 January 26

nam_apap063-1_212

3Press release on bill allowing transfer of the Spanish War Refund Account to the General Fund1942 January 30

nam_apap063-1_213

3Press release on budget hearing1942 February 2

nam_apap063-1_214

3Press release on bill creating the Whiteface Mountain Authority1942 February 2

nam_apap063-1_215

3Speaking schedule for hearing on the executive budget1942 February 10

nam_apap063-1_216

3Press release on Governor's message calling for reduced appropriations1942 February 12

nam_apap063-1_217

3Press release on Assembly rent control bill1942 February 27

nam_apap063-1_218

3Press release on Assembly bill allowing the Public Works Department to undertake military construction1942 March 2

nam_apap063-1_219

3"Summary of Legislative Budget Reductions and Changes"1942 March 3

nam_apap063-1_220

3Press release on budget policy of Republican legislators1942 March 3

nam_apap063-1_221

3Press release on Assembly bill calling for construction of an expressway running from New York City to Albany, Buffalo, and the western New York-Pennsylvania state line1942 March 13

nam_apap063-1_222

3Press release on results of talks with the Governor and his advisors concerning quarterly income tax payment and change in the fiscal year1942 March 16

nam_apap063-1_223

3Press release on letter from State Association of Civil Service Employees calling for cost of living increases in salaries1942 March 17

nam_apap063-1_224

3Press release on bills killed and bills reported by the Assembly Ways and Means Committee1942 March 17

nam_apap063-1_225

3Press release on Assembly bill establishing the Post-war Planning and Capital Reserve Fund1942 March 20

nam_apap063-1_226

3Press release on Assembly rent control bill1942 March

nam_apap063-1_227

3Press release on letter to Fiorello LaGuardia on bills concerning hiring of teachers from other states and teacher retirement1942 April 7

nam_apap063-1_228

3Press release on recall and recommitment of Assembly rent control bill1942 April 15

nam_apap063-1_229

3Press release on bill allowing quarterly payment of income tax1942 April 16

nam_apap063-1_230

3Press release on the supplemental budget1942 April 21

nam_apap063-1_231

3Press release on need for better military defense of the state1942 April 21

nam_apap063-1_232

3Press release on projected budget surplus appropriations and the estimated operation of the 1942-43 budget1942 April 26

nam_apap063-1_233

3Address on revision of municipal finance laws, the Conference of Mayors, Syracuse1942 June 8

nam_apap063-1_234

3Press release on war's effect on state park revenues1942 August 12

nam_apap063-1_235

3Press release on issuance of the new edition of the Green Book1942 August 13

nam_apap063-1_236

3Address on postwar planning, Rochester Chamber of Commerce and radio station WSAY, Rochester1942 November 18

nam_apap063-1_237

4Press release on bill allowing quarterly payment of income tax and changing the fiscal year1943 January 6

nam_apap063-1_238

4List of certificates of intent executed since the close of the last legislative session1943 January 11

nam_apap063-1_239

4Press release on Assembly bill allowing quarterly payment of income tax and changing the fiscal year1943 January 13

nam_apap063-1_240

4Letter to Assemblyman [?] Paul Lockwood and press release on cost of gubernatorial inaugurals1943 January 13

nam_apap063-1_241

4Address on Lincoln Day, Utica Republican Club, Utica 1943 February 12

One copy of the speech has extensive manuscript annotations.

nam_apap063-1_242

4Press release on Assembly bill mandating codification and expansion of laws concerning state takeover of unclaimed property1943 February 28

nam_apap063-1_243

4Press release on Assembly bills exempting pay and benefits of military personnel from income tax and allowing five-year carryover of capital losses1943 March 7

nam_apap063-1_244

4Press release on Assembly bill concerning the funding of child care for war workers1943 March 9

nam_apap063-1_245

4Press release on New York City's emergency taxing power1943 March 9

nam_apap063-1_246

4Press release on bill granting a tax exemption to the Metropolitan Opera House1943 March 10

nam_apap063-1_247

4Press release on Assembly bill concerning child care for war workers1943 March 22

nam_apap063-1_248

4Press release on supplemental budget bill1943 March 23

nam_apap063-1_249

4Press release on bipartisan opposition to authorization of additional New York City taxes1943 March 25

nam_apap063-1_250

4Press release on estimated operation of the 1942-43 budget1943 March 27

nam_apap063-1_251

4Press release on State War Council resolution on compilation of emergency war laws1943 July 16

nam_apap063-1_252

4Press release on letter announcing resignation from the Assembly1943 August 17
Quantity: 0.15 cubic ft. (about 0.15 boxes)
This series consists of unpublished documents generated in connection with the 1936 gubernatorial campaign of William F. Bleakley, chairman of the New York State Republican Party and former New York State Supreme Court Justice. Included are charts detailing the statewide results of the elections of 1932 and 1936, draft texts of campaign fliers and press releases concerning the fiscal policies of Governor Herbert Lehman, and the text of a speech asserting that New York State residents paid a disproportionately large share of federal taxes.
Arranged chronologically.
BoxFolderContentsDate

nam_apap063-2_1

4"Election Results in Certain Close Assembly Districts-Democrat Elected"1935 November 5

nam_apap063-2_2

4Bleakley's statement on the relationship between the Executive and the Legislature1936 October 7

nam_apap063-2_3

4Press release on fiscal statements in Bleakley's speeches1936 October 26

nam_apap063-2_4

4"Candidates for Member of Assembly"1936

nam_apap063-2_5

4"Candidates for Member of Senate"1936

nam_apap063-2_6

4"General Fund Appropriations, 1936-37, Summary"1936

nam_apap063-2_7

4"General Fund Expenditures (Exclusive of Advances for Federal Share of Construction"1936

nam_apap063-2_8

4"General Fund Surplus or Deficit"1936

nam_apap063-2_9

4"Summary of General Fund Appropriations (1936-37)"1936

nam_apap063-2_10

4"Disposition of Special Appropriation Bills-Legislature 1936"1936

nam_apap063-2_11

4"General Fund: Actual Receipts July 1, 1935 to March 16, 1936 and Estimated Receipts March 17 to June 30, 1936"1936

nam_apap063-2_12

4"Comparison of Recommended Appropriations for 1936-1937 with Appropriations for the Fiscal Year 1296-27 (Ten Years Ago)"1936

nam_apap063-2_13

4"New State Taxes and Increases in Old State Taxes in Four Years of Governor Lehman"1936

nam_apap063-2_14

4"The Mounting State Debt"1936

nam_apap063-2_15

4"State Debt as of January 1, 1932"1936

nam_apap063-2_16

4"State Debt as of March 16, 1936"1936

nam_apap063-2_17

4"Statement Showing State Debt as of September 15, 1936"1936

nam_apap063-2_18

4"Allocation of Unemployment Bonds by Governor"1936

nam_apap063-2_19

4"Some Facts Regarding Governor Lehman's So-called 8-point Social Security Bill"1936

nam_apap063-2_20

4"What the Budget of New York State Provides for its 'Unfortunates'-1936-1937"1936

nam_apap063-2_21

4Tables listing appropriations under Governors Roosevelt and Lehman1936

nam_apap063-2_22

4"Statement from the Ways and Means Committee of the Assembly re. Budget Reductions"1936

nam_apap063-2_23

4"Summary of Budget Cuts, Restorations, and the Supplemental Appropriation Bill"1936

nam_apap063-2_24

4"Discrimination Against New York State"1936

nam_apap063-2_25

4"The Governor's Relief Financing as Proposed April 24, 1936, in a Message to the Legislature"1936

nam_apap063-2_26

4"Statement of Temporary Notes Issued by the Comptroller"1936

nam_apap063-2_27

4"Savings to Motor Vehicle Owners by Action of Republican Assembly in Refusing to Reimpose Second Additional Cent Tax on Gasoline"1936

nam_apap063-2_28

4"Taxation in New York State Under Lehman and Roosevelt"1936

nam_apap063-2_29

4"Election Results in Certain Close Senatorial Districts-Democrat Elected"1936 November 3
Quantity: 0.05 cubic ft. (about 0.05 boxes)
This series contains materials that Moffat created or collected in connection with the 1938 New York State Constitutional Convention. Included are a copy of the printed rule book distributed to delegates, draft copies of proposed amendments concerning state and local finances, and the texts of Republican delegates' informal agreements about state finances. NB: Press releases issued in connection with the convention are contained in Series 1, Press Releases, Speeches, and Reference Materials, 1929-43, and relevant clippings are contained in Subseries 2, Constitutional Convention, 1936-38, in Series 4, Newspaper Clippings, 1934-43.
Arranged chronologically.
BoxFolderContentsDate

nam_apap063-3_1

4Rules of the 1938 Constitutional Convention1938

nam_apap063-3_2

4"Delegates to Constitutional Convention of 1938"1938 March 16

nam_apap063-3_3

4"Suggested List of Subjects which Will Probably Come Before the Committee on State Finances and Revenues"1938 April 28

nam_apap063-3_4

4"Proposed Amendments which Directly or Indirectly Affect State Finances"1938

nam_apap063-3_5

4"Proposed Amendments which Directly or Indirectly Affect State Finances... (Up to and Including May 12, 1938)"1938

nam_apap063-3_6

4"Summary of Proposed Amendments before Committee on State Finances and Revenues"1938 June 2

nam_apap063-3_7

4"Proposed Amendments Affecting Local Finances"1938 June 2

nam_apap063-3_8

4"Proposed Amendments Affecting State Finances"1938 June 2

nam_apap063-3_9

4"Memorandum on Points Relating to Local Finances on which Agreement was Reached at Informal Meetings ..."1938 June 30

nam_apap063-3_10

4"Supplemental Memorandum on Points Relating to Local Finances on which Agreement was Reached at Informal Meeting [sic] ..."1938 July 8
Quantity: 2.10 cubic ft. (about 2.10 boxes)
This series consists of news stories and editorials that Moffat and his legislative staff compiled and kept for reference purposes. Almost all were published in New York State newspapers, but a handful were culled from papers published in Baltimore, Chicago, and other cities. Centering upon state fiscal and political issues, they help to shed light upon Moffat's role in state politics and upon public opinion about state taxation, spending, and social policy.
Arranged chronologically.
Quantity: 0.15 cubic ft. (about 0.15 boxes)
This subseries contains news articles and editorials about the 1934 appointment of W. Kingsland Macy as Clerk of the Assembly. Culled from New York City papers, they highlight the disagreements between the Republican Party establishment and the small number of insurgent Republican Assemblymen, Moffat among them, who tried to block Macy's appointment.
BoxFolderContentsDate

nam_apap063-4.1_1

4Clerkship Controversy News Stories1933-1934

nam_apap063-4.1_2

4Clerkship Controversy Editorials: New York City and Westchester County1933-1934

nam_apap063-4.1_3

4Clerkship Controversy Editorials: Pro-Macy1934

nam_apap063-4.1_4

4Clerkship Controversy Editorials: Anti-Macy1934

nam_apap063-4.1_5

4Clerkship Controversy Editorials: Unsorted1934
Quantity: 0.20 cubic ft. (about 0.20 boxes)
This subseries contains articles, editorials, and political cartoons from the Democrat and Chronicle (Rochester), Knickerbocker News (Albany), Knickerbocker Press (Albany), Times Union(Albany), and other papers detailing the events of and public reaction to the 1938 constitutional convention. Among the proposed amendments detailed are those concerning search and seizure provisions, state and local taxation and bond issuance, welfare and relief provision, the "forever wild" clause, and the rights of organized labor. The clippings also detail delegates' and journalists' opinions about the New Deal and furnish profiles and photographs of numerous delegates.
BoxFolderContentsDate

nam_apap063-4.2_1

5Constitutional Convention1936-1937

nam_apap063-4.2_2

5Constitutional Convention1938 April 1-1938 April 15

nam_apap063-4.2_3

5Constitutional Convention1938 April 16-1938 April 30

nam_apap063-4.2_4

5Constitutional Convention1938 May 1-1938 May 15

nam_apap063-4.2_5

5Constitutional Convention1938 May 16-1938 May 31

nam_apap063-4.2_6

5Constitutional Convention1938 June 1-1938 June 15

nam_apap063-4.2_7

5Constitutional Convention1938 June 16-1938 June 30

nam_apap063-4.2_8

5Constitutional Convention1938 July 1-1938 July 15

nam_apap063-4.2_9

5Constitutional Convention1938 July 16-1938 July 31

nam_apap063-4.2_10

5Constitutional Convention1938 August 1-1938 August 15

nam_apap063-4.2_11

5Constitutional Convention1938 August 16-1938 August 31
Quantity: 1.75 cubic ft. (about 1.75 boxes)
This subseries consists of one folder of loose clippings. Articles and editorials about state taxes and finance, political cartoons, and issues of the New York State Taxpayer, a publication of the conservative Citizens Public Expenditure Survey, predominate; however, some of the clippings concern President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, the Second World War, and the 1942 gubernatorial campaign of Thomas E. Dewey. The bulk of this subseries consists of editorials and stories about state indebtedness, taxation, and spending that were pasted into scrapbooks. The first scrapbook contains news articles and editorials concerning the work of the Assembly Ways and Means Committee in 1937, but subsequent scrapbooks contain a comprehensive collection of editorials about state finances (1938-40) culled from newspapers published across the state and, in a few instances, across the nation.
BoxFolderContentsDate

nam_apap063-4.3_1

6Miscellaneous Fiscal and Political Clippings1936, 1938-1943

nam_apap063-4.3_2

6Assembly Ways and Means Committee

1937 Session and January of 1938.

nam_apap063-4.3_3

7Fiscal Editorials1938 January-1938 August

nam_apap063-4.3_4

7Fiscal Editorials1939 January-1939 March 15

nam_apap063-4.3_5

8Fiscal Editorials1939 March 16-1939 May 5

nam_apap063-4.3_6

8Fiscal Editorials1939 May 5-1939 October 15

nam_apap063-4.3_7

9Fiscal Editorials1939 October-1940 January

nam_apap063-4.3_8

9Fiscal Editorials1940 February 1-1940 February 15

nam_apap063-4.3_9

10Fiscal Editorials1940 February 16-1940 March 15
Quantity: 0.01 cubic ft. (about 0.01 boxes)
This series consists of two original drawings of published political cartoons. The first, Max Plaisted's "Rather a High Price for the Preliminary", was done in pen and ink and was probably drawn early in 1934. It concerns Assembly Republicans' internal disagreements about the appointment of W. Kingsland Macy as Assembly Clerk. The second, Rollin Kirby's "The Climb was Hard Enough Without This!" was done in pencil and colored pencil or pastel and is dated February 18, 1939. It addresses the impact of Governor Herbert Lehman's budget upon the state's taxpayers.
Arranged chronologically.
BoxFolderContentsDate

nam_apap063-5_1

Flat_File Plaisted, "Rather a High Price for the Preliminary"1934?

nam_apap063-5_2

Flat_File Kirby, "The Climb was Hard Enough Without This!"1939