1400 Washington AveAlbanyNY
1400 Washington AveAlbanyNY

New York State Coalition for Criminal Justice Records

1971-1986

PDF Version

Abstract

Formed in reaction to the Rockefeller Administration's crack-down following the Attica Prison riot, the New York State Coalition For Criminal Justice's primary mission was to reform what it regarded as an excessively harsh criminal justice system in New York.

Summary

Creator:
New York State Coalition for Criminal Justice
Date Coverage:
1971-1986
Quantity:
19.25 cubic ft.

The New York State Coalition for Criminal Justice, Center for Justice Education, Inc. was founded in 1974 in Rochester, New York as the New York State Committee for Criminal Justice. It adopted the name New York State Coalition for Criminal Justice later in 1974. In the early 1970s a number of Rochester community leaders became concerned about "the effectiveness and fairness of local criminal justice operations", specifically focusing their concerns on police brutality, court procedures, and jail conditions. They formed the Task Force on the Courts under the leadership of Church Women United. In early 1972, Rochester's Judicial Process Commission (RJPC), lead by Virginia Mackey and Carolyn Micklem, was created under the auspices of the Genesee Ecumenical Ministry. The RJPC won considerable state and national recognition for its work.

Following the suppression of the Attica prison uprising in 1971, the Judicial Process Commission (JPC) initiated a state wide assessment of the underlying causes of the Attica tragedy. The JPC established ties with the lobbyists of statewide organizations such as the Urban Coalition, Community Service Society, the Citizen's Union, the New York State Council of Churches, and other groups forming the New York State Coalition for Criminal Justice. The Coalition's mission was to increase New York State citizens' knowledge and understanding of the laws, structure, policies and practices of the criminal justice system. In addition, the Coalition advocated alternative correctional policy choices, and devised and coordinated strategies to improve the quality of criminal justice in New York State. The Coalition for Criminal Justice formed the Rapid Communication Network in 1975, to inform and mobilize public opinion on issues related to criminal justice. The RCN relays weekly information from Albany to satellite networks spread across the state. The chair person of the coalition was also the head of the network, and held satellite training conferences for the various coordinators and policy committee members.

The New York State Coalition for Criminal Justice is governed by a Board of Directors, who determines the nature and content of the coalition's programs. Board Members are appointed by incorporators, on a two year basis and members may be reelected for a succeeding two years. The board passes motions by majority vote, and consists of no fewer than seven members, but no more than nine. The board appoints a President, Vice-President, and Secretary-Treasurer who serve one term and carry out the work of the coalition. The Board of Directors may also form committees when necessary. Day to day operations are carried out by a paid director, first appointed in 1976. The first paid director of the coalition was Irene Jackson. There are two yearly meetings of the board, and one of the membership.

The programs and policies of the organization are established by the Board of Directors. There are three classes of directors, elected by all voting members, directors elected by caucuses, and directors selected by sustaining organizational members. In all, the Board includes twenty-five members with one year terms. Officers of the Board of Directors included chairperson (president), vice chairperson (vice president), director (chief administrator), secretary, and treasurer. The chairperson of the board appoints the chairs of committees. Several committees were created including, the nominations committee, membership, finance and fund raising, legislative, personnel, executive, and the policy committee which was the most important committee.

Membership by application is open to all individuals and organizations with a proven interest in supporting the principles of the organization, and who pay the dues set by the Board of Directors. ["Background History the New York State Coalition for Criminal Justice"]. The organization has four classes of membership, individual membership, supporting organization membership, which includes any organization providing significant financial support, organizational membership, which includes any organization supporting the reform of the criminal justice system, and last, an associate member, that is someone whose membership may cause a conflict of interest. All members had one vote, except the associate members who had none. The initial location of the organization was 362 State Street, but in 1978 it moved to the First Presbyterian Church within walking distance of the capitol.

Prominent organizational leaders included the first Chair Person/Director & Coordinator Irene Jackson 1976-82, Administrative Assistant/Assistant Director (1978-82) and Interim Director (1982-83) Diane Geary, Director Richard V. Avant, 1983, and Executive Director Van Zwisohn, 1984-, Policy Committee Chairs Camille Smith (1978-79) and Douglas McDonald (1979-80), and Good-Time Project Coordinator (1981-82) Planning and Legislative Coordinator (1982-83) and Assistant Director (1983) Peter Pollack.

Funding of the organization was provided through membership fees, gifts from member organizations, and a grant from the New York Council of Churches.

Formed in reaction to the Rockefeller Administration's crack-down following the Attica Prison riot, the New York State Coalition For Criminal Justice primary mission was to reform what it regarded as an excessively harsh criminal justice system in New York. It carried out that mission by lobbying the New York State Legislature and the State departments involved in the criminal justice system. The Coalition sought to bring public pressure for change to bear on the Legislature and State departments by forming (January 1975) a Rapid Communication Network as a mechanism to develop a state wide letter writing campaign. Among the records of the Coalition is documentation relating to Coalition's involvement in major issues of criminal justice reform such as the reach of the criminal law, length of sentences set by the legislature, court functions including bail and preventive detention issues, jails, prisons, probation, parole (see the Good Time Survey and initiative of 1981), ex-offenders services, victims, and families of offenders. While the a few items in the records date from the early seventies and also cover the period 1985-1986, the overwhelming bulk of the records cover the period 1975-1884.

The Coalition was hostile to Governor Cuomo attempts to expand the prison system in New York and consequently there is considerable documentation relating to the Coalition's 1981 campaign to block the Prison Bond Issue. There is also considerable documentation of the Coalition's 1970s and 1980s campaign against the reinstitution of the death penalty in New York between 1979 and 1984. Initially, the Coalition sought reform by lobbying the New York State Legislature. Following a flurry of legislative criminal justice reform activity in 1975 and 1976, that forum for positive change narrowed considerably and it became clear that although legislative reform would always be a key Coalition goal, the Coalition needed to change its focus and work to reform the administration of justice by focusing its energies on New York State agencies as Department of Corrections and the Division of Parole. There is considerable documentation regarding the Coalitions involvement with those agencies.

The broad interest of the Coalition can be seen in its monthly newsletter, Updates and in the Annual Meetings of the Coalition as well as the Director's Administrative files. Contained in the records are the original survey forms and the data compiled as a result of the 1981 "Good Time Survey" of prison staff and inmate attitudes toward the granting of early release or parole to inmates for good behavior. There is also information on programs established as alternatives to incarceration in 1975-80. The Coalition's monitoring of proposed bills relating to criminal justice and lobbied for changes in the wording of the bills is fully documented in the records. Among the bills found in the legislative files are bill jackets with suggestions for changes in language relating to criminal procedure laws, correctional law, and the penal law.

The collection is organized as follows:

Series 1: Coalition Administration Files, 1975-1984

Series 2: Coalition Meetings File, 1975-1983

Series 3: Funding Files, 1976-1982

Series 4: New York State Commission of Corrections, 1975-1983

Series 5: Correctional Facilities File, 1975-1981

Series 6: Division of Parole File, 1973-1983

Series 7: Department of Correctional Services Files, 1972-1983

Series 8: "Good-Time" Attitude Survey, 1981

Series 9: Issues File, 1971-1984

Series 10: Legislation File, 1963-1986

Series 11: Publications File, 1976-1985

Series arrangement statement: SUNY will complete.

All items in this manuscript group were donated to the University Libraries, M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives, by the New York State Coalition for Criminal Justice.

Processed by: Claudia Miranda (May 1995), Brian Keough (September 1996), Dan Jackson (December 1996)

Collection record created by: This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on

Published: 2017-04-14 09:55:48 -0400

EAD file created, 2014

Encoded in EAD by Conversion and encoding by ArchProteus, 2015

Archival materials can be view in-person during business hours in our reading room, located on the top floor of the Science Library on the Uptown Campus.

We can also deliver digital scans for remote research for a fee.

Access to this record group is unrestricted with the exception of series 5.

Copyright Statement

The researcher assumes full responsibility for conforming with the laws of copyright. Whenever possible, the M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives will provide information about copyright owners and other restrictions, but the legal determination ultimately rests with the researcher. Requests for permission to publish material from this collection should be discussed with the Head of Special Collections and Archives.

Preferred citation for this material is as follows:

Identification of specific item, series, box, folder, New York State Coalition for Criminal Justice Records, 1971-1986. M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives, University Libraries, University at Albany, State University of New York (hereafter referred to as the New York State Coalition for Criminal Justice Records).

Contents of Collection

Quantity: 5.33 cubic ft.

The series is the main correspondence/subject file of the CCJ. It contains the correspondence, 1976-1982, predominantly of CCJ Chair/Director & Coordinator Irene Jackson, 1976-1982. To a lesser degree of Diane Geary, CCJ Administrative Assistant/Assistant Director 1979-1982, and Interim Director 1982-1983; Director Richard V. Avant, 1983; Executive Director Van Zwishohn, 1984; Good Time Project coordinator, 1981-1982, Planning and Legislative Coordinator 1982-1983, and Assistant Director Peter Pollack, 1982-1983; his successor as legislative coordinator Sandra Mitchell, 1983-1984, mostly with the New York State Commission of Corrections. Also includes correspondence with Senator Marino, Coalition members, the Department of Correctional Services, the Monroe County Legal Assistance Corporation (Greater Upstate Law Project), the Medical Society N.Y. State, the Council of Churches, the Creative Communications Committee of Green Haven, Prison Families Anonymous, INC., the Prison Outreach and Prevention Program, the Osborne Association, INC., the John Jay College of Criminal Justice, the Volunteer Attorney Service Teams for N.Y. State Prisons, Amnesty International, Prison Research Education Actions Project, Westchester Alliance, Prisoner's Accelerated Creative Exposure, INC., Prisoner Rehabilitation, INC., Full Step, INC., and the Fortune Society. The correspondence documents the mission of the organization, which is reforming the state's criminal justice system by educating citizens about the law. To improve the quality of the system, the CCJ advocates alternatives to the traditional criminal justice policy of incarceration. These alternatives include bail reform, sentencing reform, good time reform, second felony offender laws, redirecting correctional resources from prisons to community programs, expansion of the state temporary release program, victim restitution programs, community dispute resolution programs, and fighting against the death penalty and prison expansion. Other materials include: a December 29, 1981 draft article by Irene Jackson on the history, personnel & responsibilities, and programs of the Coalition financial/budget records, legal grants manuals, Good-Time reform project information, membership lists 1979-1980/82, prisoners legal services of N.Y. employee list 1981, judicial process committee membership list 1980, minority business directory, and lists of alternative programs. Series also contains photographs from supersession, training weekend, and Coalition staff. Cassette tapes contain audio from Community Correction Conference.

BoxFolderContentsDate

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1 1Access, Disabled Persons Access To Churches1981

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1 2Alternatives To Incarceration1975-1982

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1 3American Friends Service Committee1982

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1 4Amnesty International1981-1982

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1 5Anchor Association1980

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1 6Attica Clemency LegislationUndated

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1 7Benjamin v. Malcolm1981

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1 8Bureau of Records, Distribution of Inmates in New York State Prisons1979-1981

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1 9Carey, Hugh, Press Releases on Clemency and other Bills1976-1981

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1 10Christians United In Mission, Inc.1981-1982

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1 11Citizens Committee On Prison Overcrowding1981

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2 1CCJ Annual Report1980-1981

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2 2CCJ Budget & finance1976-1980

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2 3CCJ Constitution, By-Laws, Guidelines, & History1980-1984

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2 4CCJ Director's reports1977-1982

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2 5CCJ Filing System1982

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2 6CCJ Finance - Cash reserve reports1981

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2 7CCJ Finance - Cash reserve reports1982

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2 8CCJ Finances: New York State Council of ChurchesUndated

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3 1CCJ Financial reports1978-1986

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3 2CCJ Meetings, Minutes, and Membership1976-1979

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3 3CCJ Policy Committee Meetings1981-1982

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3 4CCJ Policy Committee Members1976-1980

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4 1CCJ policy recommendations1976-1979, 1980

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4 2CCJ Survey Questionnaire1982

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4 3CCJ Supersession photographs 1979-1980
More Details

5 folders

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4 4CCJ Training weekend photographs 1979
More Details

2 folders

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4 5Computer run1981-1982

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4 6Conferences attended (folder 1)1978-1979, 1980-1981

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4 7Conferences attended (folder 2)1980-1981

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5 1Conferences attended (folder 3)1981-1982

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5 2Correctional Association Of New York1979-1982

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5 3Correctional Services News1980-1981

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5 4Correspondence, Miscellaneous1980-1983

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5 5Correspondence to Gov. Carey1977-1982

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5 6Correspondence1976-1979

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6 1Correspondence1980-1984

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6 2Coalition staff photographs1978-1980

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6 3Crime and Its Victims1975

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6 4Cuomo, Mario1980-1982

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6 5Death penalty - Resource Organization1982-1983

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6 6Death penalty - Contact Lists1978, 1980

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6 7Department Of Correctional Services1979-1981

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7 1Division of Probation1978-1982

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7 2Drinking and Driving1980

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7 3Educational Designs for Justice1981

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7 4Fortune News1980-1981

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8 1Format Samples1979, 1980-1982

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8 2Full Step, Inc.1979-1981

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8 3"Good-Time" Project1979, 1980-1983

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8 4"Good-Time" Project1981-1982

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8 5Go To Jail Task Force1978-1979

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8 6Gun Control1980

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8 7Hospitality House1970-1971

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9 1Institutions, Etc1980-1981

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9 2Jails-Overcrowding, Suicides, Classification of Inmates1977-1982

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9 3Judicial Process Commission1980-1981

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9 4Justicia1980-1981

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9 5Life Without Parole1980

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9 6Legislative Action Committee Program1977-1978, 1980, 1981-1984

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9 7Membership Drive1979, 1980-1981

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9 8Membership Dues Mailing List1981-1982

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10 1Minority Business Directory1983

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10 2Miscellaneous forms1978

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10 3Nassau Coalition For Safety And Justice1980-1982

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10 4National Criminal Justice Reference Service1979-1981

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10 5New Police Corps1982

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10 6National Movement To Boycott Crime, Inc.1982

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10 7Network Program1981-1982

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10 8NYS Association Of Counties1980-1982

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10 9NYS Catholic Conference1981

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10 10NYS Council Of Churches1979-1984

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11 1NYS Council On Children And Families1981

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11 2NYS Criminal Justice Agency1980

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11 3NYS Defenders Association1981-1982

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11 4NYS Division For Youth1981-1982

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11 5NYS Freedom Of Information Laws1978-1980

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11 6NYS Higher Education Committee1982

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11 7NYS Impact Network1981

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11 8NYS Jail Task Force1980

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11 9NYS Prisons1981-1982

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11 10NYS Probation Officers Association, Inc.1982-1983

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11 11NYS Assembly Task Force On Crime Victims1982

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11 12NY Women In Criminal Justice Inc.1982-1983

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11 13Office Expenses1978-1979, 1981

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11 14Originals of XEROXED Material1979, 1980-1982

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11 15Personnel: Asst. Director Diane Geary1979

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11 16Personnel: Director Irene Jackson1977-1979, 1982

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11 17Personnel: Former Employees1977-1980

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12 1Personnel: "Good-Time" Project Coordinator Peter Pollack1981-1983

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12 2Personnel: Law student intern Christine Germaine1979-1980

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12 3Personnel: Legislative Action Coordinator Sandra Mitchell1983-1984

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12 4Personnel: Secretary Sarah A. Lawrence1982

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12 5Personnel: Student intern Ursula Charleton1981-1982

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12 6Personnel: Substitute Secretary Ralene Smith1982

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12 7Prison Bond Issues1979-1982

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13 1PREAP, Prison Research Education Action Projects1980-1981

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13 2Prisoner Family Project1981-1982

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13 3Prisoner Rehabilitation, Inc. PROBE1979-1981

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13 4Prisoner's Accelerated Creative Exposure, Inc.1978-1981

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13 5Prisoner's Legal Services1977-1982

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13 6Project Gateway1982

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14 1Program information/Jackson speech notes, Group Picture (folder 1)1976-1979

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14 2Jackson speech notes (folder 2)1980-1982

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14 3Rochester Interfaith Jail Ministry1982

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14 4Satellite Coordinators1980-1981

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14 5Satellite kit for Rapid Communication Network1975-1976

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14 6Satellite Legislative Action Day, Albany1979

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14 7Satellite membership in Network Areas1979

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14 8Satellite reports1978-1979

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14 9Satellite Training Conference1979

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15 1Satellites - Binghampton Network1976-1979

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15 2Satellites - Buffalo Network1975-1979

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15 3Satellites - Capital District Network1975-1976, 1979-1980

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15 4Satellites - Elmira Network1975-1979

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15 5Satellites - Mid-Hudson Network1975-1979

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15 6Satellites - Nassau Network1975-1981

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15 7Satellites - New York City Network1975-1980

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15 8Satellites - North Country Network1975-1978

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15 9Satellites - Plattsburgh Network Potential1978

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15 10Satellites - Rapid Communications Network: Guidelines & Workshops1977-1980

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16 1Satellites - Miscellaneous papers1975-1977

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16 2Satellites - Monitograms1977-1980

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16 3Satellites - Rochester Network1975-1980

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16 4Satellites - Suffolk Network1976-1981

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16 5Satellites - Syracuse Network1975-1981

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16 6Satellites - Westchester Network1975-1981

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16 7Senate Democratic Task Force On Criminal Justice1982

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16 8Sentencing Improvement Act1982

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16 9S.T.O.P., Stop The Olympic Prison1978-1979

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16 10Suffolk County Conference On Juvenile And Criminal Justice, Inc.1978-1983

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16 11Urban Information Interpreters, Inc.1983

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16 12Vietnam And Criminal Justice1982

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16 13Volunteer Attorney Service Team1982-1983

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16 14Volunteer Center Of Albany1982-1983

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16 15Westchester Alliance1978-1981
Quantity: 0.67 cubic ft.

Contains the records of the Coalition's annual meetings, and special meetings on topics of interest to criminal justice reformers organized by the Coalition. The series also contains statements of goals and purpose, minutes, agendas, by-laws, proposed amendments to the by-laws, strategy suggestions, and several questionnaires directed for committee members. Also included are lists of organizations by caucuses in geographic regions, lists of the individuals in the different caucuses, and attendance at meetings. Notes of the executive and policy committee are available, they mainly include discussion of sub-committees work, and confirming new policies. The file also contains information on the Coalition's 1979 SuperSession, a two day agenda devoted to a discussion of topics such as good time, temporary release, and the death penalty. Super Sessions were also held in 1980 and 1981, where the main topics were inappropriate confinement and community corrections. Series also contains cassette tapes of panel questions from March 22-23, 1982, "Managing the Crisis: Population Policy".

BoxFolderContentsDate

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1 1Annual Meetings1975-1979

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1 2Annual Meeting1979 October 4

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1 3Annual Meeting1980 October 9

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1 4Annual Meeting1981 October 10

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1 5Annual Conference1982

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1 6Annual Conference1982 October 23

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1 7Caucuses1982

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2 1"Ending Unnecessary Imprisonment" Conference1980

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2 2Executive Committee & Policy Committee Meeting1975-1978

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2 3"Gathering of the Criminal Justice Gang" Backman Summit1979 August

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2 4"Managing the Crisis: Population and Policy" 1982 March 3-22
More Details

cassette tapes

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2 5Super Session1979

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2 6"Inappropriate Confinement"1980

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2 7Super Session - Community Corrections1981

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2 8Super Session - Community Corrections1981
Quantity: 0.67 cubic ft.

Included is a financial report for the fiscal year 1977-1979, and a proposal for training the Coalition's satellites to become more effective 1979. Known funding agents include the Albany Focus Churches Task Force, the Albany Rotary Club. Community service society, New York State Catholic Conference, United Methodist Women, the Judicial Process Commission, United Presbyterian Women, and by far the greatest funding support was received from the New York State Council of Churches. Membership dues was also added to funding. Also found is a 1976 grant proposal by the coalition for an education program in criminal justice for citizens, elected officials, and administrators, a 1977 supplement is also included. Also present are Funding requirement updates 1978-1979 and a progress report to the New York State Council of Churches. Grant request/proposal samples from the coalition to several possible funding organizations, donations and paid membership dues listings for 1981-1982 can also be found.

BoxFolderContentsDate

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1 1Albany Catholic Diocese1979-1981

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1 2Albany Focus Churches (Task Force)1982

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1 3Albany Rotary Club1980

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1 4Burden Foundation1979

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1 5Capital District Foundation1981

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1 6Christians United In Mission1977-1981

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1 7Coalition funding proposal1976-1980

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1 8Community Service Society1980

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1 9Composite foundation & proposal information1978-1979

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1 10Corporate Sponsorship PlanUndated

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1 11Dewar Foundation; St. James Episcopal Church1980

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1 12Donations & dues listing1981-1982

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2 1Edna McConnel Clark Foundation1979

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2 2Episcopal foundation annual reports (public interest, public relations)1976-79 Haas Memorial Haas Memorial Foundation - Watertown1980-1981

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2 3Knudsen Funding - Service Exploration1977-1978

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2 4McDonald Foundation1980

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2 5Methodist1978-1979

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2 6National Council on Crime Delinquency Coalition/Clark1977-1978

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2 7New York State Catholic Conference1979-1982

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2 8New York Yearly Meeting Prisons Committee1980-1983

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2 9Presbyterian - Presbytery of Albany1979-1982

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2 10Presbyterian1978

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2 11Women's Opportunity Giving1977-1978

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2 12Proposal materials1977-1980

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2 13Resource proposal sample1976-1977

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2 14Proposal materials/Satellite Training Conference1979

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2 15Sample funding letter1978

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2 16Thorn fund1980

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2 17Re: Work-study student1981
Quantity: 1.0 cubic ft.

The file consists of documents received by the Coalition from the New York State Commission On Corrections. Founded in 1895, the commission is charged in its legislative mandate with general oversight responsibilities for the jails, prisons, and lockups located in New York State. The series includes information on the commission, its purpose, goals, and officials. Many reports are included starting with Commissioner Coughlin's report to the Correctional Association of N.Y. 1982 in which he characterizes the association's report as irresponsible; the final report of the special Attica investigation 1975; the Judicial Process Commission report on Attica 1976; and the State Commission of Correction staff report concerning the abuse of authority at the Attica correctional facility 1977. The series also includes audit reports on rehabilitation programs for 1973/78, restitution reports and a comparative study of cost of service delivery between N.Y., California, Michigan, Pennsylvania, and Texas. Other Commission on Corrections' reports include those on the overcrowding of jails 1980/82; on prison alternatives 1981/82; and on prison health maintenance 1979/80. Guidelines for minimum standards and regulations for management of county jails and penitentiaries can also be found in the collection. These standards concern visitations, correspondence, security and supervision, hygiene, medical, access to media, legal services, physical restraint, maximum prisoner capacity, fire safety, staffing requirements, overcrowding, lock ins, recreation, religion, access to courts, telephone calls, and packages.

BoxFolderContentsDate

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1 1Appointment of Correctional Officials1975-1979

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1 2Article 3: Correction Law1975, 1980

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1 3Attica investigations1975-1977

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1 4Audit reports - Selected Operating Practices1974, 1977

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1 5Commission and Corrections Committee1979-1980

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1 6Correctional Restitution1976, 1980, 1983

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1 7Management Productivity1977, 1979-1981

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2 1Minimum Standards & Regulations (folder 1)1975-1976

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2 2Minimum Standards & Regulations (folder 2)1977-1980

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2 3Jail Statistics1977-1979

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2 4New York State Assoc. Of Counties1978-1983

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2 5Prison Health Maintenance1978-1981

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2 6Proposals on Alternatives1975-1980

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3 1Public Hearings on Problems of Prison System1975-1981

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3 2Second Felony Offenders1960-1970, 1973-1974

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3 3Sheriff's reportsUndated

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3 4Albany - Greene County Reports1977-1979

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3 5Herkimer - Rensselaer County1977

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3 6Rockland - Yates County1979

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3 7Temporary Release Programs1976-1978
Quantity: 0.67 cubic ft.

Included is correspondence between the Coalition and prisoners. Prisoner correspondence concerns membership information, coalition updates, access to legal bills, references to other organizations, and asking of employment agencies able to help them after their time is served. The series also contains official prison descriptions of the facilities and its activities. Access to this series is restricted.

BoxFolderContentsDate

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1 1Albion1978-1979

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1 2Arthur Kill1979

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1 3Attica1978-1980

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1 4Auburn1977-1980

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1 5Bedford Hills1976-1980

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1 6Camp Adirondack1979, 1980

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1 7Camp McGregor1980-1981

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1 8Camp Pharsalia1978, 1980

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1 9Clinton1978-1980

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1 10Coxsackie1978

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1 11Downstate1979, 1981

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1 12Eastern1978-1980

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1 13Elmira1978-1979

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2 1Fishkill1978-1979

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2 2Great Meadows1978-1980

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2 3Green Haven1978-1980

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2 4Hudson1976, 1980

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2 5Mid-Orange1976-1979

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2 6Mt. McGregor1979

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2 7Ossining1975, 1978-1980

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2 8Otisville1976, 1980

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2 9Queensboro1976-1979

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2 10Taconic1978

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2 11Wall Kill1980

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2 12Woodburne1978-1979
Quantity: 0.33 cubic ft.

The file consists primarily of correspondence and reports received from the Division of Parole. Included is the National Survey of Good-Time Laws And Administrative Procedures for 1973, which was distributed by the Research and Development Division of the Texas Department of Corrections, along with Uniform Parole reports summary tables from 1974 for male prisoners. A list of the 1975 New York State Parole Board members can be found, including salaries and term expirations. In addition, tables of probation information for 1974 are included. Also found is the forty-seventh annual report of the Board of Parole of the Department of Correctional Services for the year of 1976, this report includes such topics as rules and regulations, types of sentences, methods/basis of release, violation of parole and hearings. In addition a report from the Task Force on Criminal Sentencing which discusses fair and certain punishment is available for 1976.

In Albany on October of 1977 a hearing was held on the subject of standards and goals of the criminal justice system, in which many organizations testified. These reports are included and are as follows, the Delphi Report 1977, a report from the Town of Horseheads Youth Bureau addressing Juvenile Justice standards and Goals 1977, a "Philosophy of Sanctions" paper written by the New York State Standards for Sentencing in 1977, testimony given by the New York State Council of Churches and a report of the presentation made by the Metropolitan Police and the Nassau County at the hearing. A general commentary of the role of the parole board is also included. A preliminary draft of the standards and goals are included. Other reports that can be found are the New York State Department of Correctional Services temporary release program discussing rules and regulations 1977, and the New York State Division of Parole Annual Statistical Report for 1977,1978 and a revised guidelines application manual for 1979. A report on an overview of options in reducing prison crowding for 1981 is included, a New York State Division of youth policy and procedures manual 1982, a New York State Parole handbook 1980, and correspondence between Peter Pollack and those who helped him with the development of the good time reform project 1981-1982. Finally a computerized code listing of parole denials for 1980 can be found.

BoxFolderContentsDate

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1 1Division of Parole1973-1976

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1 2Division of Parole1977

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1 3Division of Parole1978-1979

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1 4Division of Parole1980-1983

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1 5"Good-Time" Development1978-1982

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1 6Parole Denial Statistics1980
Quantity: 0.67 cubic ft.

The Division of Correctional Services is responsible for the care, custody, and rehabilitation of all offenders sentenced to its institutions. Included for the division of correctional services is a summary of appropriations and estimated expenditures for 1977, and a budget for 1980. Administrative bulletins can be found concerning such topics as work release, temporary release program violators, leave of absence and furlough 1972-1974. Also included are several Correctional services procedure directives concerning the inmate liaison committee, affirmative action, research studies and surveys, minimum provisions for health and morale, inmate group activities and organizations, and human rights complaints. Also found are inspection reports concerning fire and housing for the Elmira correctional center 1980-1982, inmate grievance mechanisms and case records 1975-1976.

The correspondence of Richard Hongisto, acting commissioner for 1978, can be found along with a statement report concerning his plans and concerns for the criminal justice system which he addressed to the senate crime and correction committee 1979. Also included are legislative status sheets for 1979, and Prison security and staffing statistics for all prisons from Albion to Woodbourne for 1969-1976. From the office of program planning, evaluation and research, reports can be found concerning five year release programs 1975, the second felony offender sentencing act 1973-1974, delinquency and return rates 1976, and parole violators 1976. A rule book addressing inmate rules, penalties and outline of procedures for 1975 can also be found along with an employees handbook. Finally brochures on staying out of prison programs for 1982 are present, and temporary release program outlines, including regulations, reports and agreements for 1978-1981.

Also, the series contains information on prison expansion debate, such as the Joint Legislative Committee Hearing, reports, tables, statistics, and surveys 1980-1982 and statistics on inmate population in New York State prisons.

BoxFolderContentsDate

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1 1Budget1977

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1 2Bulletins & Directives1972-1980

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1 3Commitment of Offense by Violent & Non-Violent Offense Groupings-Felony Class1981

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1 4Dialogues1977-1978

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1 5Five safety reports1980-1982

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1 6Grievance mechanism1975-1976

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1 7Hongisto1978-1979

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1 8Inmate Population Statistics1980-1982

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1 9Legislative Program1979

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1 10Pre-Release Center BriefUndated

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2 1Prison expansion1980-1982

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2 2Prison Security & Staffing Statistics1969-1978, 1980-1982

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2 3Probation1979-1980

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2 4Program Planning: Evaluation Research1975-1983

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2 5Rehabilitation vs. Cost Benefit1977

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2 6Reports1979-1981

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2 7Rule books1975-1977

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2 8"Stay' n Out" therapy program1982

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2 9Temporary release programs1978-1981
Quantity: 3.33 cubic ft.

Contains the Coalition's Good-Time survey given to prison staff and inmates, computer print outs of survey coding, and miscellaneous notes of Peter Pollack concerning the survey. The Good-Time survey established prison staff and inmate attitudes toward the granting of early release or parole to inmates for good behavior. 642 completed surveys are also in the series but are being considered for destruction.

BoxFolderContentsDate

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1 1Survey FormatUndated

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1 2Computer PrintoutsUndated

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1 3Miscellaneous notesUndated

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2 1Staff questionnaire forms 1-209Undated

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3 1Staff questionnaire forms 210-393Undated

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4 1Inmate questionnaire forms 501-642 (plus unmarked)Undated
Quantity: 3.33 cubic ft.

The Issues Files were created by the CCJ to collect background information on subjects related to criminal justice reform. The series contains correspondence between Thomas A. Coughlin, Commissioner, and all the New York State central office and facility staff concerning new affirmative action plans. Included are the Commissioners remarks presented to the Assembly Sub-Committee on Affirmative Action in 1980. Also present is information on programs established as alternatives to incarceration 1975-1980, the Attica prisoners 28 demands/convict proposals, along with the correctional guards Union 82 list of demands, and the papers on the legal aftermath of the Attica uprising, mainly concerning the Attica legal defense fund. Also available are newsletters of EUI, [Ending Unnecessary Imprisonment] in New York State, citizen participation (how to) papers, and Christian statements concerning the criminal justice system. A Corrections Information Series for jail classification can also be found concerning background information, court decisions, ACA standards, and examples of classification systems for small, medium, and large prisons. Several other reports can be found on issues such as "Community Alternatives to Maximum Security" 1974-1975, a "Proposal to Repeal New York's Second Felony Offender Law", "Philosophies of Punishment and Correction", "Fines: An Inquiry Into The Use of Fines As an Alternative to Incarceration", "Probation Subsidy", and a summary of the New York State YWCA Intervention Program sponsored by the New York State Commission of Correction. Information related to the expansion of prisons and the prison bond issue intended to fund the expansion including Gov. Plans 1980-1981, Coalition responses and alternatives 1978-1982, Committee hearings 1982, testimony by Coalition members 1981-1982.

Reports by the Full Step INC. program are also in the series. They address topics of utilization of private sector community correctional organizations, the study of federally sponsored ex-offender community based programs, and the creation of a temporary state commission on transitional services to ex-offenders 1980. Community Correction Acts are included for New York State, 1978, Oregon, 1979, Minnesota, 1973, and Kansas, 1980. These reports also concern community dispute resolution programs in New York State, and information on community service sentences. An important Senate hearing paper can be found concerning Court Consolidation and Appointment vs. Election of Judges. A list of names of those sentenced to execution from the period of 1890-1963 is included along with the crime committed, following is information on the use of the death penalty. Drinking and driving in New York State is also addressed in several reports found in the series, as well as an agenda for the Elderly Criminal Offenders Conference held in 1982. Also found is information from the National Coalition for Jail Reform on inappropriate confinement and information about the creation of Jaycee (Junior Chamber of Commerce) chapters in prisons. The Jaycees are a national leadership training organization for young business men and women. Files on juvenile justice issues can be found mainly concerning youth rights. Other files relate to reducing prison crowding, prison bond folders containing newspaper clippings, prison population planning, racial discrimination in the criminal justice system, sentencing reform, and sex offender programs.

BoxFolderContentsDate

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1 1Affirmative Action1980

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1 2Alternatives to incarceration1973-1975, 1980

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1 3Albany Capital Newspapers crime coverage1981

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1 4Albany County Jail Sheriff1977-1980

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1 5Albany County probation needs1979

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1 6Attica aftermath, folder 11971-1975

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1 7Attica aftermath, folder 21976-1981

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1 8Campaign for Ending Unnecessary Imprisonment1980-1981

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1 9Citizen participation1975-1977, 1984

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1 10Child abuse1979

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1 11Christian statements on Criminal Justice1977-1983

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2 1Classification of correctional facilities1983-1984

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2 2Codes Committee - State Legislature1982

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2 3Commission on Criminal Sanctions and Justice1981-1982

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2 4Community Corrections (folder 1)1973-1975

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2 5Community Corrections (folder 2)1976-1981

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2 6Community Corrections Full Step, Inc. [Spruill]1980-1981

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2 7Community Corrections Acts1978-1980

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3 1Community Dispute Resolution Programs1981-1982

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3 2Community Service Sentences1973-1981

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3 3County jails1978-1981

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3 4Court reform1979-1980

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3 5Death penalty background (folder 1)1976-1982

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3 6Death penalty background (folder 2)1982

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3 7Death penalty opposition1977-1981

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4 1Decriminalization of prostitution1978-1979

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4 2Domestic compliance with Helsinki Accords: U.S. Prison Conditions, Steven Winter &Robert Nundley1982

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4 3Drug related crime1983

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4 4Drunk driving1980-1981

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4 5Elderly criminal offenders1981-1983

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4 6Ex-offender programs1977-1979

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4 7Hand-gun control1981

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4 8Hook, Robert (see Mandatory Sentencing)Undated

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4 9Impact of 1978 legislation1978

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4 10Inappropriate confinement-Anne Marie Venne1979-1980

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4 11Inappropriate confinement - Tess Report1978-1980

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4 12Incarceration profile: New York State1978-1980

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4 13Jaycees1982-1983

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5 1Jails: Classification Change1979

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5 2Jails: VisitationUndated

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5 3Juvenile justice1976-1980

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5 4Letters to Editors - various topics1978-1983

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5 5Mandatory Sentencing1982

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5 6Marijuana law reform1977-1978

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5 7Mediation of disputes1980

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5 8Memorandum on proposed legislation1980

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6 1Minimum security jail - articles1982

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6 2Minimum sentences - proposed bill1980

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6 3Miscellaneous news clips1975-1983

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6 4NAACP Prison Program1980-1983

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6 5Netherlands1978

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6 6New York State Task Force on Women1983

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6 7Parole reform1976-1977

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6 8Ossining takeover1983

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6 9Phase Out/Re-entry (Horizon House)1980-1982

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6 10Police brutality1979-1980

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6 11Pre-trial detention1980, 1983

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7 1Prison depopulation program/National Institute of Corrections Grant1980-1981

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7 2Prison Bond (folder 1)1978-1981

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7 3Prison Bond (folder 2)1981

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8 1Prison Bond (folder 3)1981-1983

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8 2Prison overcrowding1976-1983

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9 1Prison expansion1982-1983

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9 2Prisoners' Legal Service1981

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9 3Programmes for released prisoners1978

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9 4Pro-active prison population planning1971-1982

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9 5Proposals by CCJUndated

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9 6Racial discrimination in Criminal Justice1978-1980

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9 7Rape: Case of Michael Fair1982

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9 8Senate Research Service: "Issues in Focus"1982

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9 9Sentencing reform1974-1983

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9 10Sentencing reform: Mandatory sentencing and Robert Hooks1982

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10 1Sex offender programs (folder 1)1980-1981

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10 2Sex offender programs (folder 2)1982

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10 3Statewide Youth Advocacy1981-1983

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10 4S.T.O.P. the Olympic Prison (Federal)1978-1980

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10 5Whiting, James M., Sentencing1979-1982

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10 6Victims Assistance Programs1982-1983
Quantity: 1.67 cubic ft.

This series contains analysis of N.Y. State legislation bills by coalition staff and decisions to support or oppose a bill. The series also contains bill monitoring in the assembly and senate 1983-1984, along with bill reporting forms. Many Assembly and Senate bills, along with bill calendars/index can also be found for 1983-1984. Paperwork on opposition to the death penalty for the years of 1979-1984 are also present, lists of Assembly and Senate leaders stating their position on the death penalty, and the 1984 State of the State Message given by Mario M. Cuomo. Insanity defense paperwork by the New York Defenders Association, INC. can be found, along with memorandums of support for several different bills concerning such topics as acts to amend the criminal procedure laws, correctional law, and the penal law etc. The series contains proposed legislation concerning Parole, Permitting Prisoners Serving Life Sentences To Marry, Pre-trial Detention, Probation, Sealing Misdemeanor Records, Victim Compensation Laws, Marijuana Reform, Prison Construction, and Programs For Released Prisoners.

BoxFolderContentsDate

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1 1Bail1979

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1 2Bill analysis forms of Legislative Committee1984

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1 3Bill Monitoring Charts Assembly1983

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1 4Bill Monitoring Chart Assembly1984

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1 5Bill Monitoring Charts Senate1983

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1 6Bill Monitoring Charts Senate1984

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2 1Bill reporting forms/Legislative CommitteeUndated

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2 2Bills - Assembly1983-1984

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2 3Bills and Committee meetings1981

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2 4Bills - Senate1983-1984

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2 5Bills - Senate & Assembly1983-1984

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2 6Calendar & Index of Bills1983-1984

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2 7Codes Committee1979-1984

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2 8Codes Committee-State Legislature1982

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2 9Codes Committee-State Legislature1982

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2 10Counter - Budget1982-1983

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3 1Correctional facility for alcohol-related crimes1981

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3 2Death penalty1979, 1981-1982

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3 3Death penalty1983-1984

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3 4Death penalty Executive Clemency1975-1982

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3 5Death penalty letters of opposition1978-1984

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3 6Death Penalty-Opposition1977-1981

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3 7Drug profits law1983

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3 8Executive clemency1981

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3 9Governors releases - Crim. Just. budget1983-1986

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3 10Insanity defense1983-1984

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3 11Legislative contact reports11/1983-6/1984

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3 12Lobbying Law negotiations1977-1980

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3 13Misdemeanor records, sealing of1981

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3 14New York City1980

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3 15Parole1980-1981

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3 16Permitting life sentences to marry1981

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4 1Memoranda of Support forms - Assembly 1983-1984
More Details

3 folders

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4 2Memorandum of Support forms - Senate1983-1984

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4 3Memorandum of Support forms: Senate - Assembly 1983-1984
More Details

2 folders

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5 1Proposed Bills1977-1978

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5 2Sentencing-Reform1978-1979

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5 3Temporary Release Program1975-1979

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5 4Victim compensation1979

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5 5Voting records1978
Quantity: 0.67 cubic ft.

The series containsUpdates, 1976-1983, the Coalition's publication which relayed new information through the Rapid Communication Network to all the satellites. Series also includes publications relating to Criminal Justice reform published by the Coalition as well as other organizations, such as A Children's Defense Fund for 1984-1985, The Defender 1979-1983, the newsletter of the New York State Defenders Association, Justicia, the newsletter of the Judicial Process Commission 1979-1980, and Ways & Means a reporter on Innovative Approaches to State and Local Government. Also included is the publication of Thursday's Obligation, this was distributed by Jail Ministry, and a second religious publication, United was the news and information by the Christians United in Mission INC. The series also contained Correctional Services News (1980-1981) and Fortune News (1980-1981).

BoxFolderContentsDate

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1 1 A Children's Defense Budget 1984-1985

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1 2 The Defender 1979-1982

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1 3Miscellaneous Newsletters1979-1982

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2 1Miscellaneous reports and articlesUndated

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2 2 Publications United 1981-1983

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2 3 Thursday Obligation 1980-1983

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2 4 Updates 1976-1983

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2 5 Ways & Means 1982-1983